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End Homelessness The Humanion Campaign

Right to a Home for Every Human Soul is a Foundational Human Right

 

 

 

Image: Shelter

End Homelessness The Humanion Campaign Arkive Year Alpha and Year Beta

The Building-Block Foundational Human Rights

A: Absolute Right to Live in Clean, Healthy, Safe and Natural Environment
B: Absolute Right to Breathe Natural, Fresh, Clean and Safe Air
C: Absolute Right to Necessary Nutritional Balanced Food and Drink
D: Absolute Right to Free Medical Care at the Point of Need
E: Absolute Right to an Absolute Home
F: Absolute Right to Free Degree-Level Education and Life Long Learning
G: Absolute Right to Guaranteed Social Care
H: Absolute Right to a Universal Income
I: Absolute Right to a Job
J: Absolute Right to Dignified Civic and Human Funeral Paid Through by Universal Income

This is part of Munayem Mayenin's Works on Humanics and Humanical Society: Humanics: The Foundation: Published: The Second Volume of This Work, Humanics: The Humanicsonomics: Pseudonomics and Its Laws and Lawlessness, Soon to Be Published: No State, Government, Public Bodies of Any and All Kinds and Types Nor Any Person, Persons or Agency Can Pursue a Course Nor Can They Justify Any of It, That Leaves the Vast Majority of Humanity Suffering and Perishing Away in Miserable Agony of a Live-In-Life-Sentence in This Horrendous State of a Waste of Human Existence Across the Earth Because They Do Not Have These Building-Block Foundational Human Rights, Absence of Which, Literally, Wipes Out and Away All the Existing Human Rights

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rough Sleeping Homelessness Is High-Cruelty: End It Now

 



|| December 18: 2018 || ά. The Mayor of London, Mr Sadiq Khan, praised Londoners for donating to homelessness charities, as the amount raised by his winter rough sleeping campaign topped £78,000 in just two weeks. Mr Khan’s comments followed his visit, on the evening of December 14, to his new ‘Staging Post’ for rough sleepers in Southwark, where he met outreach workers and those, who had benefitted from the service. The service, part of the ‘No Second Night Out’ programme and funded by extra money the Mayor has secured from national Government, offers rough sleepers short-term accommodation and in-depth support to help them stay off the streets.

Mr Khan launched his winter rough sleeping campaign a fortnight ago with 35 new ‘TAP London’ contactless donation points across the capital. Since then, another 18 points have been put in place and Londoners have already used them 2,581 times, alongside, donations on the campaign’s GoFundMe page, to donate to the London Homeless Charities Group, a coalition of 22 charities tackling homelessness in the capital. Londoners have, also, responded to Mr Khan’s call to help connect those sleeping rough with outreach workers and vital services by using the StreetLink app and website. 1,474 referrals have, already, been made to StreetLink in the last fortnight.

In addition, Londoners are stepping up to volunteer and help this vital cause in any way they can, with over 450 expressing an interest in opportunities via the Team London website since Mr Khan launched his campaign. Team London is the Mayor’s volunteering programme, offering Londoners a range of volunteering opportunities across the capital, from one-off events to longer-term commitments.

The campaign is part of Mr Khan’s efforts to boost rough sleeping services in the capital, including, through using funding he has secured from national Government to double the size of City Hall’s street outreach team. The Mayor has, also, agreed with London councils that severe weather shelters will now open London-wide, if, the temperature is predicted to drop below zero anywhere in the capital. Previously, shelters were opened on a borough-by-borough basis, leading to patchy provision.

The new policy came into action as the Mayor opened emergency weather shelters across London, for the first time, this year, with temperatures dropping to zero or below in several boroughs across the capital. He has, also, worked with boroughs to sign up to the ‘In For Good’ principle , a promise that, when a rough sleeper goes to an emergency shelter, they will be accommodated there until a support plan is put in place to help them off the streets for good.

The Mayor of London, Mr Khan, said, ‘’Even, one person sleeping rough is one too many and it’s fantastic to see this year’s campaign get off to such a great start, with Londoners donating through the new TAP London contactless points and online. City Hall is doing everything we can to help rough sleepers, including, opening emergency shelters across the capital all at the same time as temperatures start to drop and expanding services to make sure people get the support they need to end their time on the streets.

We know members of the public want to help rough sleepers whenever they can and by referring any people they are concerned about to StreetLink, Londoners are making a real difference by connecting them with outreach workers. I urge Londoners to keep donating, keep referring to StreetLink and to support my calls on the Government to do more to stop the root causes of homelessness.”

Ms Petra Salva, the Director of Rough Sleeper, Offender and Migrants Services at St Mungo’s, said, “This was a welcome opportunity to introduce the Mayor to clients and staff at the Staging Post and tell him more about the service and how it links in with others across London.

It is vital to support people new to rough sleeping indoors as soon as possible, especially, as the weather gets colder and we’d encourage people to keep using the StreetLink web and app referral service, if, they are concerned about someone sleeping rough. These referrals mean that our and other outreach teams can connect people quickly into places such as NSNO and the Staging Post.

As one of the members of the London Homeless Charities Group, can we, also, thank the many generous Londoners, who have, already , upported this campaign. We will be putting the money we receive from the campaign this year into services, that help people tackling physical and mental health problems. People can face complex problems recovering from rough sleeping and homelessness but, with the right support at the right time, we know that people can and do, rebuild their lives.”

The Mayor invests almost £03.7 million every year into the No Second Night Out Service, which is run by St Mungo’s. This year, Mr Khan is, also, investing an additional £01.54 million of Government funding to expand the service, developing two new staging posts and a ‘floating hub’, which moves around London targeting rough sleeping hot spots with intensive, immediate support.

This is just one of the many services, run by the Mayor, funded from his £08.5 million a year rough sleeping budget and by the millions of pounds of additional funding he has secured from the Government. Last year the Mayor’s teams helped 5,000 rough sleepers and former rough sleepers and 86 per cent of those people were not seen on the streets again.

TAP London is set to roll out further contactless donation points across the capital, with more than 90 to be put in place throughout the winter.
Londoners can donate to the campaign via the Fund’s Go Fund Me page.

£7,743 has been donated through the TAP London contactless donation points. £23,576 has, also, been raised through donations on the London Homeless Charities Group’s online Go Fund Me page, as well as, a direct donation to the Group of £47,500 from The Berkeley Foundation.
The 53 TAP London contactless donation points are located at:
Westfield SB Empty Unit
Vodafone SB Westfield
Brompton Road
Vodafone ST Westfield
City Hall
Draughts Board Game Cafe
The Walrus
The Duke of Sussex
The Firestation
Union Street GLA
The Wellington, Hotel Wellington
Bar Elba
WeWork, 41 Corsham Street
WeWork, Moorgate
Westfield Shepherds Bush, Central Desk
Regent Street Local, Heddon House 149-151 Regent Street
Gentleman's Baristas, Building House
Regent Street Local, Heddon House 149-151 Regent Street
Westfield Shepherds Bush, Gift Hub
WeWork, 8 Devonshire Square
Protein Studio, 31 New Inn Yard, EC2A 3EY
Regent Street Local, Heddon House 149-151 Regent Street
Westfield Shepherds Bush, Valet Desk
Curzon Bloomsbury
Regent Street Local, Heddon House 149-151 Regent Street
Regent Street Local, Heddon House 149-151 Regent Street
WeWork Finsbury Pavement
Acquavit, St James
Gentlemen's Baristas, The Jerwood Space Ltd., 171 Union St
Harold Pinter Theatre
City of London Information Centre, St Paul's Churchyard
Gentlemen's Baristas, 63 Union Street
WeWork Holborn
Bump and Grind
1 Stratford Place:Loading Bar
Crick Corner
Westfield Stratford Main Desk
Westfield Stratford Marks and Spencer Desk
Gentleman Baristas, 02
Curzon, Aldgate
Gentleman Baristas, Poplar
Gentleman Baristas, Park Street
Curzon Victoria
Curzon Mayfair:Curzon Soho
Lollipop
Jack's Bar Waterloo
Climpson and Sons, Broadway Market
Holy Shot Coffee, Bethnal Green
Hoxton Square Bar and Kitchen
193 Piccadilly:empty unit
35 Monmouth Street, Seven dials:empty unit
Showcase, 12 Regent Street
Espresso Library, Southampton row
For more information on the Mayor’s rough sleeping services, visit.

TAP London received funding from the Mayor’s Rough Sleeping Innovation Fund, Berkeley Foundation and Heart of London Business Alliance. The technology is provided and developed by Good Box.

The funds raised from the Go Fund Me page and TAP London locations will feed into a single fund, which will be split equally between the 22 members of the London Homeless Charities Group and spent on services to tackle or prevent rough sleeping.

TAP London is a non-profit organisation, that seeks to tackle homelessness by using technology in new and innovative ways. www.taplondon.org. Donations are processed in less than half a second, donor’s details are encrypted and 100% of every donation made goes to the charities in the London Homeless Charities Group.

The Mayor’s Rough Sleeping Innovation Fund aims to stimulate new and innovative approaches to tackling rough sleeping in the capital. It offers grant funding to local authorities and organisations tackling rough sleeping, to pilot new ideas and develop new services in the sector.

If, you are concerned about someone you have seen sleeping rough you can use the Street Link website to send an alert.

The details you provide are sent to the local authority or outreach service for the area, in which you have seen the person, to help them find the individual and connect them to support.

The London Homeless Charities Group:LHCG is made up of 22 charities
The Albert Kennedy Trust
The Big Issue
Centrepoint
Connection at St Martins
Crisis
DePaul
Evolve
Homeless Action Barnet
Homeless Link
Housing Justice
Kingston Churches Action on Homelessness
Look Ahead
New Horizons Youth Centre
The Passage
Providence Row
Salvation Army
Shelter
SHP
St Mungo's
Thames Reach
West London Mission
YMCA:::ω.
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Homeless Households in Temporary Accommodation in England: 79,880 Households: 123,230 Children: This Marks the Twenty-Seventh Time That the Number of Households in Temporary Accommodation Has Risen Compared with the Same Quarter of the Previous Year: 54,540 of 79,880 Households Or 68% are in London: Will England Think of What Kind of Life Family Life, Childhood and Education These 123,230 Children are Receiving

 

 

|| July 29: 2018: || ά. This Briefing Paper provides background information on the increase in the number of homeless households, placed in temporary accommodation by English local authorities and outlines various initiatives and issues associated with this increased use of temporary accommodation. Local housing authorities in England have a duty to secure accommodation for unintentionally homeless households in priority need under Part Seven of the Housing Act 1996 as amended. And, will the country contemplate the utter, absolute and insane waste of public money in this ‘temporary accommodation fiasco of a system’: ‘’£01.1bn spent by English local authorities in 2015-16, £845 million was spent on temporary accommodation’’. And what purpose does it serve to waste this amount money while it does not resolve the problem of these homeless families, who, after the end of that financial year, still remain homeless in that same ‘waste-space-left-to-wither-away’ state?

The most recent official statistics, published on June 27 this year, recorded 79,880 households in temporary accommodation at the end of March 2018. This marks the twenty-seventh time, that the number of households in temporary accommodation has risen compared with the same quarter of the previous year. The 79,880 households include 123,230 children, representing a 65% increase since the first quarter of 2010. Of these households, 54,540, 68%, were placed in temporary accommodation in London. The number of families with dependent children placed in B and B-style accommodation increased from 630 at the end of March 2010 to 2,180 at the end of March 2018.

Households, might be, placed in temporary accommodation pending the completion of inquiries into an application or they, might, spend time waiting in temporary accommodation after an application is accepted until suitable secure accommodation becomes available. Official statistics published in December 2011 marked the end of the long-term downward trend in the number of households in temporary accommodation; seasonally-adjusted figures had fallen in each successive quarter since peaking in 2004.

Various initiatives have been pursued to try to limit the use of unsuitable B and B-type temporary accommodation. For example, local authorities have focused on securing private rented housing through lease agreements with private landlords. Authorities, particularly, in areas of high housing demand, argue that their ability to do this has been affected by Housing Benefit reforms, meaning that landlords can secure higher returns from letting their properties on the open market to non-Housing Benefit claimants; although, not all homeless applicants are in receipt of Housing Benefit.

One response has been for authorities to seek temporary accommodation outside of their own areas. There was a 250% increase in the number of households placed in temporary accommodation outside of their local authority between the first quarter of 2011 and the first quarter of 2018. Local authority expenditure on homelessness services, including, temporary accommodation, has ‘steadily increased since 2010’.

February 2016 saw the publication of research commissioned by London Councils from the Centre for Housing Policy at the University of York, which identified specific issues for London authorities in securing temporary accommodation: "A perfect storm of market conditions and policy changes means that providing temporary accommodation for homeless individuals and families is increasingly challenging for London boroughs."

On December 17, 2015 the Communities and Local Government Select Committee launched an inquiry into the causes of homelessness, as well as, the approach taken by national and local government to prevent and tackle homelessness. The Committee asked for written evidence to be submitted by February 08, 2016. Some respondents submitted evidence calling for more flexibility in providing temporary accommodation outside of their local areas. The Committee’s report was published on August 18, 2016. The Committee called on the Government to initiate a ‘renewed, cross-Departmental Government strategy’.

The National Audit Office:NAO published a report on Homelessness in September 2017 in which it observed that of the £01.1bn spent by English local authorities in 2015-16, £845 million was spent on temporary accommodation:

Three-quarters of this spending, £638 million, was funded by housing benefit, of which £585 million was recovered from the Department for Work and Pensions. Spending on temporary accommodation has increased by 39% in real terms since 2010‑11. There is, also, a wider cost stemming from the impact of homelessness on public services, such as, healthcare. The Department does not have a robust estimate of this wider cost. 

The NAO recommended that: i: The Department should work with local authorities to ensure that they are making the most effective use of temporary accommodation. This work should include enabling local authorities to increase their use of the innovative short-term solutions, that they are taking; ii: The Public Accounts Committee’s:PAC December 2017 report, Homeless Households, observed that temporary accommodation is ‘often of a poor standard and does not offer value for money’.  The Committee recommended:

The Department should take steps to eliminate the use of non-decent temporary accommodation and to enable local authorities to replace this supply with local alternatives, that offer better value for money.

Commons Briefing papers SN02110: Authors: Wendy Wilson; Cassie Barton: Published on July 26, 2018

Read the Paper:::ω.

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All Citizens Must Have a Right to a Home for Life So That They are Proper Citizens of the Country They are Part Of to Which They Have No Connection Stake  Ownership or Relations Without That Home: Tackling Homelessness is About Making This True for Every Citizen: Now the Vast Majority of the People of This Country Do Not Have a Home of Their Own Including Those Who are Homeless of Various Kinds: Because Right to a Guaranteed Home for Life for All Citizens is a Foundational Human Rights

 

|| July 17: 2018 || ά. Housing First:HF is an alternative homelessness intervention strategy, aimed at people with complex needs, particularly, rough sleepers. This House of Commons Library paper describes the principles behind Housing First and outlines some of the evidence behind it. The paper, also, sets out how Housing First has developed in the UK and what support it has been offered by the governments of the UK, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Traditional homeless interventions for people with complex needs usually require them to complete a series of steps to make them ‘housing ready’ before moving into their own accommodation. Proponents of HF argue that there is a high drop-out rate from these schemes; users can struggle to meet their strict requirements and, thus, risk becoming chronically homeless. Advocates of HF support the early provision of permanent housing, which provides a stable home from which it is easier to deal with other underlying issues, such as, substance abuse.

Unlike most traditional approaches, HF commits to support individuals for as long as they require, even, if, a person leaves HF accommodation. Proponents of the HF model do not argue that all current strategies should be replaced by Housing First; it is seen as a programme, particularly, for those with multiple needs and as a complement to a wide range of rough sleeping interventions.

The principles of HF were first developed in the USA, particularly, by the Pathways to Housing project established in New York City in 1992. Since then, HF has been used by organisations in Europe and adopted by several European governments as part of their homelessness strategies. Studies have suggested that these projects result in better housing retention rates amongst users with complex needs.

The Scottish, Welsh, Northern Ireland and UK Governments have all committed to exploring the model. In England, what is now the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government:MHCLG funded a Housing First feasibility study in the Liverpool region, the results of which were published July 2017. The Autumn Budget 2017 committed £28 million to support three Government-sponsored pilots in the West Midlands, Liverpool City Region and Greater Manchester. Funding allocations for the pilots were announced on May 09, 2018.

Increased interest in HF in England is taking place within the context of a growth in rough sleeping. Overall, the number of rough sleepers has increased by 169% from 1,768 in 2010 to 4,751 in 2017. The Government has a target of halving rough sleeping by 2022 and eliminating it by 2027; it is recognised that some innovative approaches to helping people with complex needs off the streets will need to be adopted.

The evidence base for the successes claimed by the HF approach has been subject to a certain amount of challenge. Questions have been asked about the quality of the evidence; there is also debate about several aspects of the HF model including:

Unfair depictions of traditional approaches which use, especially in the UK, many of the ideas behind Housing First.

Questions about the cost-effectiveness of a Housing First programme when compared to other models.

Difficulties in providing open-ended funding, finding accommodation and employing sufficient support staff.

Housing First’s ability to improve other outcomes, such as health, offending rates, substance abuse and so forth.

Commons Briefing papers CBP-8368: Authors: Alexander Bellis and Wendy Wilson: Published on July 17: 2018

Read the Paper :::ω.

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The State of the Statutory Homelessness in England

 

 

 

|| July 08: 2018 || ά. This piece is based on this parliamentary briefing paper, that provides statistics on statutory homelessness in England and explains the duties of local authorities to assist homeless households. The paper includes an overview of and comment on, Government policy in this area. Local authorities in England have a duty to secure accommodation for unintentionally homeless households, who fall into a ‘priority need’ category.  There is no duty to secure accommodation for all homeless people. For example, there is no statutory duty to secure housing for homeless single people and couples without children, who are not deemed to be vulnerable for some reason. And, this is where the ‘existing political acceptance’ of homelessness resides and thrives on so that the entire system is designed to find and make ways to ensure the state spends the least amount of money in ensuring people have homes.

No one speaks about this apparent ‘disgrace’ that the very laws, that are designed to support homeless people, yet, such laws spend so much time to find ways and means to ‘exclude and bar’ people from getting that help they need. Take this ‘intentional homelessness’ idea! Who on earth becomes internationally homeless! Who came up with this most absurd and most ridiculous idea! But it is in the law, which local authorities use or abuse to exclude people simply because they have been given very little resource to meet all the needs so they use this to simply shut people out. A homeless single person does not have a duty owed to her:him. Why is this? Are single people not humans? Are they not citizens of this state and this country? Then, why and how on earth the very law of this country says quite ‘lawfully’ that the country, its state and government do not have a duty owed to them! But this is how it is because the political parties do not want to commit to end homelessness and they would rather continue to support this awful state of the massive homelessness crises crippling lives.

Official statistics on statutory homelessness is published quarterly by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government in March, June, September and December. In recent times, these bulletins have included statistics on local authority prevention and relief work. In June 2018, the MHCLG published a note setting out planned changes to the statutory homelessness statistics.

Local authorities are now required to submit case-level data to the Ministry via a new system called H-CLIC. H-CLIC provides data on individual people in each household, previously, only, household-level data was available. H-CLIC is, also, designed to capture local authorities’ prevention and relief activity under the Homelessness Reduction Act 2017. 

The financial year 2010:11 saw a 10% increase in homelessness acceptances by local authorities, representing the first financial year increase since 2003:4. Homelessness acceptances continued to rise over the following three years but fell by 03% between 2012:13 and 2013:14. The 2014:15 financial year recorded a further increase, with acceptances 36% higher than in 2009:10 but 60% below the peak in 2003:4).

The 2015:16 financial year saw acceptances increase by a further 06% on 2014:15 and the 2016:17 financial year recorded a 02% increase on the previous year. The figures for 2017:18 show a 05% reduction in acceptances on 2016:17.

Organisations such as Shelter and Crisis have long argued that the official statistics do not give a full picture of homelessness in England. The figures have excluded those, who are homeless but who do not approach a local authority for assistance and those, who do not meet the statutory criteria.

Local authorities had increasingly adopted informal responses to tackling homelessness, which resulted in households falling outside the official quarterly monitoring process. The Ministry has said that H-CLIC should ‘allow us to better understand the causes and effects of homelessness’.

The increase in statutory homelessness since 2009:10 is attributed to a number of factors, of which the most important is identified as the continuing shortfall in levels of new house building relative to levels of household formation. Housing Benefit reforms are, also, viewed as a contributory factor, particularly, in London.

In addition to contributing to levels of homelessness, local authorities in areas of high housing demand argue that benefit reforms are, also, making it more difficult for them to secure housing for eligible applicants. Homelessness Monitor: England 2017 said, ‘’Almost two thirds, 64%, of councils across England are struggling to find social tenancies for homeless people, while half find it 'very difficult' to assist applicants into privately rented accommodation.’’

The report, which includes evidence from 162 of England’s 326 local authorities, shows that councils are finding it, particularly, difficult to house homeless young people and large families, with 85% of responding councils having difficulties assisting single people aged 25-34 into accommodation and 88% finding it difficult to house large families.

The National Audit Office:NAO, 2017, determined that the impact of the Government’s welfare reforms on homelessness had not been evaluated: Homelessness in all its forms has significantly increased in recent years and at present costs the public sector in excess of £01 billion a year. It appears likely that the decrease in affordability of properties in the private rented sector, of which welfare reforms, such as, the capping of Local Housing Allowance are an element, have driven this increase in homelessness. Despite this, the government has not evaluated the impact of its welfare reforms on homelessness or the impact of the mitigations, that it has put in place.

The Public Accounts Committee, December 2017, said that the Government’s attitude to reducing homelessness ‘has been unacceptably complacent’. The Government responded to the PAC report in March 2018 and accepted several recommendations.

Homelessness arising from parents:friends:relatives being no longer willing or able to provide accommodation remains significant, as does homelessness arising from the breakdown of a violent relationship. However, the most frequently cited reason for loss of the last settled home is now the ending of an assured shorthold tenancy in the private rented sector. In the first quarter of 2018 this reason was behind 27% of all statutory homeless acceptances in England.

The Coalition Government declared tackling homelessness to be a key priority. A Ministerial Working Group on Homelessness was established which published Making every contact count: A joint approach to preventing homelessness, August 2012. March 2015 saw publication of Addressing complex needs: improving services for vulnerable homeless people, which summarises the work of the group since its inception in 2010.

The 2015 Government appointed the Minister for Local Government, Mr Marcus Jones, to head up the homelessness brief at what was then DCLG. Ms Heather Wheeler took over this role in January 2018.

The Government announced on December 12, 2015 that it would work with homelessness organisations and across government departments ‘to explore options, including, legislation, to prevent more people from facing a homelessness crisis in the first place’.

On December 17, 2015 the Communities and Local Government Select Committee launched an inquiry into the causes of homelessness, as well as, the approach taken by national and local government to prevent and tackle homelessness. The Committee’s report was published on August 18, 2016. The Committee identified significant variations in the level of service offered to homeless applicants by local authorities and called on the Government to initiate a ‘renewed, cross-Departmental Government strategy’. 

During summer 2015 Crisis established an independent panel of experts to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the current homelessness legislation in England. The panel’s findings were published in April 2016: The Homelessness legislation: an independent review of the legal duties owed to homeless people. The panel concluded that the case for reform was strong and favoured changes to place more emphasis on preventative work within a statutory framework, particularly, in relation to single people and childless couples. The annex to the report includes suggested amendments to the current legislative framework.

Mr Bob Blackman drew second place in the 2016 Private Members’ Bill Ballot. He introduced the Homelessness Reduction Bill 2016-17 on June 29, 2016. The Bill secured Government and cross-Party support and obtained Royal Assent on April 27, 2017. When fully in force the Act will require local authorities in England to place more emphasis on the prevention of homelessness.

More information on the Act can be found in these Library papers: Homelessness Reduction Bill 2016-17 and Homelessness Reduction Bill 2016-17: Progress in the Commons and Lords. The Act's provisions came into force on April 03, 2018. Local authorities are concerned that the additional funding the Government is making available, £72 million, will be insufficient to cover the cost of the new duties.

Duties owed to the non-statutory homeless are covered in the Library briefing paper entitled Rough Sleeping 02007. A separate paper focuses on the placement of statutorily homeless households in temporary accommodation 02110. For a collection of homelessness statistics for local authorities see local authority homelessness statistics England 07586. For an overview of statistical indicators see: Homelessness: Social Indicators 02646.

Local level data on homeless acceptances in England can be viewed using the Library's online tool: 07586.

There are increasing variations in approaches to homelessness in Scotland and Wales:  these variations are outlined in Comparison of homelessness duties in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland 07201.

Commons Briefing papers SN01164: Authors: Wendy Wilson and Cassie Barton: Published on July 06:2018 :::ω.

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End Homelessness A D