Buy Humanics Books From The Elleesium Bookshop


|| All-For-One-One-For-All ||












||  Support The Foundation  ||


First Published: September 24: 2015


Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd









































































































































The Humanion UK Online Daily

The Humanion: London: England: UK: Year Theta The Eighth Year: Day 339: Tuesday: August 29: 2023: Cogito Ergo Sum: Descartes


As the Mother Earth Belongs to Every Single Human Being of the Humanion Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd and The Humanion Belong to All for We are a Human Enterprise: A Not for Profit Social Enterprise: Support Your Daily Quality Newspaper and Let Us Build an Institution That Will Flow with Time with the Rainbow Peoples of This Earth Far Into the Flowing Future: Support The Humanion: Support Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd

Humanicsxian Economics
Make A Contribution to Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd








The Humanion Portable: Launching: September 2023





I Question Therefore I Learn

|| Hope Is the Seed Sign and Science of Progress: Join and Support Us ||















Life-Elle: Health and Well-Being
Good Nutrition Physically Active and Neurologically Engaged Existence Are The Best Medicine

Medicine Neurology Genetics Epigenomics Molecular Biology Beaurobluebellogenics
Biochemistry Cardiology Immunology Physiology Anatomy Biomedicoengineering
Pharmacology Gerontology Surgery Paediatrics Medicinal Chemistry Biomedicojurisprudence
Gynaecology Bacteriology Virology Bacteriophasiology Mycology Nanomedicalengineering
Cancer Biology Histology Endocrinology The Neuroniverse Microbial Nutrition Science Cosmological Medicine
Paediatric Cardiology Nephrology Emergency Medicine Anaesthesiology Nutrition Science Hearteogenics
Medical Devices Ophthalmology Epidemiology Cell Biology Microbiology Pharmacodynamics
Psychiatry Optics General Medicine Enzymology Marine Biology Pharmacokinetics
Psychology Biosimilars Orphan Diseases Probiotics Antimicrobial Resistance Toxicology
End Homelessness The Humanion Campaign




















Water Water Everywhere Hydrogen’s Nowhere to Be Seen: But Get Some Catalyst Cheap But Right Enough and May You Make Cheap and Easy Hydrogen to Be Clean and Green: New Research Makes Way Into Breaking Hydrogen Free From Water



















|| January 27: 2019: University of Glasgow News || ά. An international collaboration between researchers in Spain and Scotland has resulted in a new approach to improve the catalysts needed to carry out the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction:HER. The reaction, in which, water is transformed into hydrogen and oxygen, is a promising alternative to humanity’s dependency on fossil fuels to satisfy energy requirements.

The research results, published in Nature Communications, demonstrate that molecular HER-catalysts can work in an efficient manner while highlighting the fundamental importance of understanding the underlying catalyst-water interactions and the fine balance of numerous parameters, affecting the evolution of hydrogen. Mr Carles Bo, the Group Leader at the Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia:ICIQ, is one of the lead authors on the paper. He said, “We are trying to find catalysts cheaper than the noble-metal based ones used right now, to make economically viable the production of hydrogen from water. These findings will accelerate the development of a hydrogen-based economy.”

The combination of theoretical and experimental approaches has allowed the scientists to gain some mechanistic insights into the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction and to explore how the new catalysts work.  Dr Haralampos Miras, Senior Lecturer at the University of Glasgow's School of Chemistry, said, “We are interested in making molecules, designed to tackle challenging tasks, such as, the evolution of hydrogen from water and understand how these molecules work.”

MoS2 is a promising material for the electro-catalytic generation of hydrogen from water. However, tuning the two-D material for an efficient catalyst-water interaction is no trivial matter. Here, the scientists have used MoS2 as a starting point to design molecular analogues, that mimic its catalytically active sites while exposing a high number of them.

The family of molecular catalysts described in the paper were designed, using modular approaches, that ensure an efficient interaction between the catalytic sites and the water molecules, while avoiding expensive noble metals. The fact that the new catalysts’ synthesis is carried out open to air and in a simple two-step process, hints at the potential of the approaches for scalability and its economic viability to compete with advanced platinum-based catalysts.

The result of the EU funded COST Action Polyoxometalate Chemistry for Molecular Nanoscience, the scientists have worked together for several years to develop the approach presented in the paper.

Dr Miras said, “It becomes apparent, even, to the most sceptical members of public and political figures that the depleting fossil fuels reserves and the unprecedented environmental consequences that we are, already, experiencing, require urgent and decisive actions. Our work is part of a worldwide effort towards a hydrogen-based economy. We anticipate these findings to be a starting point for further exploration of molecular catalytic systems and inspire others in an effort to tackle challenging scientific issues." :::ω.

|| Readmore  || 280119 || Up || 








New Research Discovers New Quantum Spin Liquid



|| January 23: 2019: University of Liverpool News || ά. An international research team, led by the University of Liverpool and McMaster University has made a significant breakthrough in the search for new states of matter. In a study, published in the journal Nature Physics, researchers show that the perovskite-related metal oxide, TbInO3, exhibits a quantum spin liquid state, a long-sought-after and unusual state of matter. Using advanced experimental technologies, including, inelastic neutron scattering and muon spectroscopy, researchers discovered that the exotic quantum state in TbInO3 emerges from the complexity of the local environment around the magnetic ions in the material, in this case, of the rare-earth element terbium.

The discovery came as a surprise to the team as TbInO3 is a material not expected to display such unusual magnetic behaviour, based on its crystal structure. The quantum spin liquid state was theoretically proposed over forty years ago by the Nobel laureate Philip Anderson. In quantum spin liquids, magnetic moments behave like a liquid and do not freeze or order, even, at absolute zero, giving rise to several extraordinary materials properties. The materialisation of quantum spin liquids is still widely contested. As such, the discovery and exploration of new materials, that, may, host this state of matter are active areas of advanced materials research and have potential applications in the development of quantum computing.

Dr Lucy Clark, from the University’s Materials Innovation Factory, who leads a programme of quantum materials research, said, “It has taken us several years of hard work and experiments to reach this point in our understanding of TbInO3.

When studying intricate quantum states of matter like the quantum spin liquid, carrying out one experiment, often, raises more questions than it can answer. In the case of TbInO3, however, the physics is, particularly, rich and so we were, especially, driven to persevere. Our study shows that TbInO3 is a fascinating magnetic material and one, most likely, to have many more intriguing properties for us yet to uncover.

“None of this work would have been possible without the collaboration of our colleagues at the world-leading central facilities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the ISIS Facility at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, where a large portion of our experiments was conducted. Both of these facilities produce particles, in particular, neutrons and muons, that we can use to probe the atomic structure and properties of materials to reveal the nature of new phases, such as, the quantum spin liquid.”

Professor Bruce Gaulin, the Director of the Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research at McMaster University, said, “This material appears deceptively simple, with terbium spins decorating a two-dimensional, triangular architecture. But with the full complement of modern experimental techniques at our disposal, the low-temperature magnetism of this structure, based on two distinct terbium environments, exhibits an altogether exotic quantum disordered state of matter, an unexpected and exciting result.”

Dr Lucy Clark further said, “The key to the success of the project was the strong and enduring international collaboration, including, the group, led by Professor Sang-Wook Cheong, the Director of the Centre for Quantum Materials Synthesis at Rutgers University.”

The University of Liverpool’s Materials Innovation Factory is an £81 million project, dedicated to the research and development of advanced materials. The University of Liverpool is pioneering the discovery of advanced materials, with a strong expertise in materials chemistry and through techniques, underpinned by automation, robotics and digital capabilities. Research in this field has applications in industrial manufacturing, healthcare, clean and affordable energy and consumer products and is vital for the future of sustainable manufacturing for industry.

The Paper: Two-dimensional spin liquid behaviour in the triangular-honeycomb antiferromagnet TbInO3: Lucy Clark, Gabriele Sala, Dalini D. Maharaj, Matthew B. Stone, Kevin S. Knight, Mark T. F. Telling, Xueyun Wang, Xianghan Xu, Jaewook Kim, Yanbin Li, Sang-Wook Cheong and Bruce D. Gaulin: Published in Nature Physics:::ω.

|| Readmore || 240119 || Up || 









Promising New Ecological Bio-Plastic Developed


|| January 16 2019: Lund University News || ά. A new, fossil-free bio-plastic is emerging as the research continues advancing. According to lab experiments, it is more durable than both regular plastic and other bioplastics and is expected to be better suited for recycling. Almost, all plastic is made from crude oil and plastic production currently accounts for 04-06% of global oil consumption. The development of renewable bio-plastics is progressing but, relatively, few are, actually, being used.

A strong candidate among bio-plastics is polyethylene furanoate:PEF. Instead of oil, PEF contains the hydrocarbon, furan, which can be extracted from maize, wood and certain types of grain. The main market for PEF is packaging. Experiments have shown that PEF is superior to standard polyethylene terephthalate:PET in protecting against oxygen, carbon dioxide and water, which gives products, enclosed in plastic greater durability. The success of PEF made researchers at Lund University interested in other renewable materials, that could be used for plastic production.

Chemical Engineering doctoral student Ms Ping Wang has produced a plastic, based on indole, a heavier hydrocarbon molecule than furan, that is present in human faeces and smells accordingly. The compound is, also, found in lower concentrations in certain flowering plants and has a more agreeable aroma. This effect is due to our sense of smell decoding the smells differently, depending on the amount and combination.

The research team is thought to be the only one researching indole polyesters and their results are promising. A regular PET bottle’s glass-liquid transition temperature, when the material softens and deforms, is 70 degrees. The most successful PEF experiments withstand about 86 degrees. However, one of Ms Ping Wang’s indole plastics is stable up to 99 degrees.

“These are preliminary results but we have seen that polyester plastic has better mechanical properties, which makes it more sustainable. This can lead to better recycling in the future. At present, PET bottles can only be recycled once, then, they, must be, used for something else, such as, textiles.” says Associate Professor Baozhong Zhang, who is supervising the research team.

Currently, indole is, only, produced on a small scale and used, mainly, in perfumes and drugs. It, may be, possible to use bio-engineering methods to produce indole from sugar through fermentation. However, such a process would, first, need to be analysed more thoroughly before the production cost can be calculated.

Ms Ping Wang is continuing her research by examining the indole plastic’s potential in other application areas. “We obtained good results but are not satisfied. Now, we are trying to find methods for making higher quality indole polymers, that can be used in more ways, not just for plastic bottles.’’ she says.

The Paper: Indole as a new sustainable aromatic unit for high quality biopolyesters

Caption: Ping Wang: Image: Theo Hagman-Rogowski:::ω.

|| Readmore || 170119 || Up || 


End Homelessness The Humanion Campaign: Because Right to a Home for Every Human Soul is a Foundational Human Right






A: Absolute Right to Live in Clean, Healthy, Safe and Natural Environment: B: Absolute Right to Breathe Natural, Fresh, Clean and Safe Air: C: Absolute Right to Necessary Nutritional Balanced Food and Drink: D: Absolute Right to Free Medical Care at the Point of Need: E: Absolute Right to an Absolute Home: F: Absolute Right to Free Degree-Level Education and Life Long Learning: G: Absolute Right to Guaranteed Social Care: H: Absolute Right to a Universal Income: I: Absolute Right to a Job: J: Absolute Right to Dignified Civic and Human Funeral Paid Through by Universal Income
Life's Laurel Is You In One-Line-Poetry A Heaven-Bound Propagated Ray Of Light Off The Eye Of The Book Of Life: Love For You Are Only Once







Life: You Are The Law The Flow The Glow: In Joys In Hurts You Are The Vine-Songs On The Light-Trellis

The Humanion















Buy Humanics Books From The Elleesium Bookshop










|| All copyrights @ The Humanion: London: England: United Kingdom || Contact: The Humanion: editor at || Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd: elleesium at || Editor-In-Chief: Munayem Mayenin || First Published: September 24: 2015 ||
|| Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd: A Human Enterprise: Registered as a Not For Profit Social Enterprise in England and Wales: Company No: 11346648 ||