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Society

This is Not the Whole of This Magnificent River: Suppose, This is Life: This is Not the Whole of Life Either. Sociology Seeks to Show Us the Way to the Whole: The Whole of Life and the Whole of Society in Which This Life Exists and Creates Complexities That Regulate the Apparent Simplicities of Every Expression of That What is Human Life

Society Arkive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

University of Auckland New Zealand

The Humanics Elleesium Declaration 2019 The Humanicsxian Manifesto

The Humanion Coverage: The General Election 2019 Whenever It Is

The Political Philosophy, That Says That the Most Vital Part of the Public Affairs Management System, the System of Economics, That Shapes the Market and Directs the Course of Existence of the Entire Range of Business, Trade, Commerce and Financial Endeavours of a Nation and Ultimately Shapes the Human Condition of a Nation Should Not Be in the Ownership of the Entire Nation and Its People as Their State and Government Belong to Them and the Political Economics, That Says That the Survival of the Fittest or Richest Is the Ultimate Aim of Society, in Which the Vast Majority of the Population Must Exist and Perish Away in Serving a Live-in-Life Sentence of Suffering, Agony and Hardship and Must Accept All the High-Cruelties, High-Barbarities and High-Tortures, That Capitalism Creates, Distributes and Enforces are Nothing But a Brutal, Cruel, Ruthless and Inhuman Dictate of a Monstrous Social Jingoistic Jungle, Where Neither Civic Nor Community Can Exist Nor Can There Humanity Exist as Humanity Naturale as Individuals, as Families, as Communities, as Agencies and Organisations and as a Civic Society: And When Such a Monstrous Social Jingoistic Jungle is Established in a Country It Becomes Worse Than a Jungle and It Becomes Every Citizen's Civic and Moral Duty and an Existential Necessity of Humanity to Do All in Their Democratic Power to Eliminate Such Jingoistic Jungle and Replace It with a Civic Society Where Community, People, Families, Individuals and All Humanity are as Real, as Connected and as Active, as Engaged and as Creative as the Human Physiology Is in All Humans of a Given Society: Sunday: July 28: 2019

Major Investment in Youth Services Needed at the Budget to Help Prevent Knife Crime: All-Party Parliamentary Group on Knife Crimes and Violence Reduction

 

 

| Tuesday: March 10: 2020 || ά. Urgent investment in youth services is needed to help stop children from being criminally exploited and getting involved in knife crime, a cross party group of MPs has warned today, March 10. Ahead of the Budget, the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Knife Crime and Violence Reduction is calling on the Chancellor to ensure there is adequate funding so local authorities can provide these vital services. The Group, which is supported by charities Barnardo’s and Redthread, is publishing a Report today, which includes the thoughts of young people about why these services are so vital. The APPG says that the Government’s £500 million youth investment fund, which was announced last autumn, is welcome but will not transform the system alone.

Instead, it wants to see measures in the budget and the upcoming Spending Review to plug the current gap between funding and spending, which, the Local Government Association estimates, will grow to £01.57 billion by 2024:25. Research, published by the APPG last year and, which underpins the recommendations in the group’s Securing a Brighter Future Report, published today, found a clear correlation between areas, which had cut spending on youth services and areas with the fastest increase in knife crime. The APPG is calling for four policy changes from government to improve youth services in England: conduct a national audit of youth services in England; fund local authorities to invest in sustainable long-term youth work; introduce a clear statutory requirement to local authorities for a minimum level of professional youth services provision and invest in a professional youth workforce because youth services are more than buildings.

One young person said about youth services, “Youth services offer qualifications because most kids caught up in knife crime might not be in school and they might just be out on the streets, doing like gang violence and stuff like that but youth services offer them a qualification so that they can try to apply for a job to try to get out of that lifestyle.”

And another young person said, “The camaraderie, that a lot of young people say that they get from the gangs you can get from team sport or even a boxing club. If, that’s what they are getting from the gang then you need to replicate that elsewhere.” Young people, who worked with the APPG on the Report said that youth services could be a lifeline.

In places, where these services have suffered widespread cutbacks the young people say gangs have been able to ‘step in’ and fill the void. They say that the gangs give them opportunities and a chance to be part of a group, that is otherwise lacking in their communities. And some said that living in disadvantaged areas with few chances of employment meant it was easy for gangs to lure young people in with the offer to make money.

They want there to be investment in youth clubs and other youth work projects because they say that this would fill the void the gangs have stepped into by giving them positive things to do in their community, as well as, a safe space to spend time with their friends.

And young people, who were lucky enough to live in areas, where there are youth services said that the impact of youth workers was vital. For them they are a trusted adult in their lives and help to support them as they get older with applications for housing, benefits, jobs and in other areas of their lives.

Barnardo’s Chief Executive Mr Javed Khan said, “Too many children are left vulnerable to gangs, who promise protection, a source of income and a sense of belonging that they’re not getting elsewhere.  Barnardo’s has long warned that the reduction in youth workers and safe spaces over many years has contributed to a ‘poverty of hope’ among young people, who see little or no chance of a positive future.

The Government has promised to invest in youth centres and mobile facilities, which is a welcome start. But we, also, need long-term, sustainable investment in children and young people’s services overall to help keep vulnerable children out of AandE and the criminal justice system  and to help them achieve a positive future.”

The Chair of the APPG on Knife Crime and Violence Reduction and the MP for Croydon Central, Ms Sarah Jones, said, “Knife crime is at record levels and too many young people are dying on our streets. Meanwhile, children across our country have seen youth services reduced or stripped away entirely in recent years. 

Policing and enforcement will always be important but, there is clear evidence that we can achieve better outcomes, if, government prioritises investment in preventing violence than dealing with its consequences.

This Report makes clear that we need to restore and elevate youth work, setting it on a par with teaching and recognising it as a profession by developing and supporting the workforce. That starts with proper funding at tomorrow’s budget.”

Redthread’s Chief Executive Mr John Poyton said, “The value of youth work lies in the positive relationships workers form with young people. These are relationships where there are no formal requirements to engage and no sanctions for non-attendance, where support responds organically to a young person’s needs. When a young person is working with a youth worker, it’s because they want to and because they trust the worker.

This may sound straightforward but, in practice the work is highly skilled and specialist, particularly, with young people experiencing complex issues like youth violence and knife crime. At its best, youth work can support these young people to thrive in the face of adversity and prevent exploitation and violence. But it can not achieve this without investment in developing the profession and the workforce. We urge the government to listen to the voices of youth workers featured in this report and take steps to strengthen the sector and safeguard young people.”

All-Party Parliamentary Group on Knife Crime: preventknifecrime.co.uk/reports-and-evidence: Page existed as on Wednesday: March 11: 2020. This notice signifies that that’s how it is when reported because in the future this page may not be there, which happens a great deal these days.

About the APPG on Knife Crime and Violence Reduction: The All-Party Parliamentary Group:APPG on Knife Crime and Violence Reduction is a group of over 70 MPs and Peers, set up in response to the alarming rise in knife crime across the country. The APPG seeks to evaluate policies and programmes aimed at reducing knife crime, gain better understanding of its root causes and the wider context of serious violence. The group aims to develop recommendations for new measures at both acute and preventative stages with a view to reducing levels of knife crime, and work with the cross-party Youth Violence Commission. The secretariat is jointly provided by Barnardo’s and Redthread.

About Barnardo’s: Barnardo’s is the UK’s largest national children’s charity. Last year we supported around 300,000 children, young people, parents and carers through more than 1,000 services, including, counselling for children, who have been exploited, support for children in and leaving care and specialist mental health services. Barnardo’s goal is to achieve better outcomes for more children, by creating stronger families, safer childhoods, and positive futures.

About Redthread: Redthread is a youth work charity, whose vision is a society in which all young people lead healthy, safe, and happy lives. Redthread’s mission is to empower young people to thrive as they navigate the challenging transition to adulthood by integrating trauma-informed youth work into the health sector. Redthread supports the holistic wellbeing of young people by delivering innovative interventions, personal support, and bridging of services, through their Youth Violence Intervention Programme in AandE departments across London and the Midlands. The aim is to help young people to meet their full potential and move away from cycles of violence and re-offending.

::: Caption: The St Salvators Chapel Choir: University of St Andrews: Image: University of St Andrews :::

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Homicide in England and Wales Year Ending March 2019: Homicides Fall by 05% Recording Male Homicides Decreasing by 11% While Female Victims Increased by 10%: Youth Homicide Victims Down 24%

 

 

|| Thursday: February 13: 2020 || ά. Office for National Statistics:ONS has published its Homicide in England and Wales, year ending March 2019, based on the analyses of information held within the Home Office Homicide Index, which contains detailed record-level information about each homicide, recorded by the police in England and Wales. There were 671 victims of homicide in the year ending March 2019, 33 fewer, 05%, than the previous year, the first fall since the year ending March 2015.

Although, there was a fall in the number of victims, this was, partly, due to the inclusion of several homicide incidents with multiple victims in the previous year; the number of separate homicide incidents increased from 644 to 662, up 03%. The fall in homicide was driven by a fall in male victims, decreasing from 484 to 429, down 11%. Homicides of young victims, aged 16 to 24 years, fell after a large peak the previous year, down from 148 to 113, down 24%. The number of female victims increased from 220 to 241, up 10%; the second consecutive annual increase and the highest number since the year ending March 2006.

Female victims, aged 16 years and over, were more likely to be killed by a partner:ex-partner, 38%, 80 homicides, while male victims were more likely to be killed by a friend or acquittance, 27%, 105 homicides. The most common method of killing continued to be by a sharp instrument, with 259 homicides by this method, a fall of 23 offences, down 08%, compared with the previous year. The homicide rate was 11 per million population, with the rate for males, 15 per million population, around double that for females, 08 per million population.

The term ‘homicide’ covers the offences of murder, manslaughter and infanticide. Data presented have been extracted from the Home Office Homicide Index, which contains detailed record-level information about each homicide, recorded by the police in England and Wales. These figures provide much more detail about the nature and circumstances of homicide offences than the main police recorded crime dataset. However, the level of detail in the Homicide Index means that these data take longer to collect and analyse than the more basic counts of recorded offences in the main recorded crime dataset. Headline figures, covering a more recent period, on the number of recorded homicides are published as part of the quarterly Crime in England and Wales bulletin.

Homicide Index data are based on the year when the offence was recorded as a crime, not when the offence took place or when the case was heard in court. While in the vast majority of cases the offence will be recorded in the same year as it took place, this is not always so. Caution is, therefore, needed when looking at longer-term homicide trends. For example: the 96 deaths, that occurred at Hillsborough in 1989 were recorded as manslaughters in the year ending March 2017, following the verdict of the Hillsborough Inquest in April 2016; the 173 homicides attributed to Dr Harold Shipman as a result of Dame Janet Smith’s inquiry took place over a long period of time but were all recorded by the police during the year ending March 2003

Furthermore, where several people are killed by the same suspect, the number of homicides counted is the total number of victims killed rather than the number of incidents. For example, the victims of the Manchester Arena bombing in May 2017 are counted as 22 individual homicides. For the purposes of the Homicide Index, a suspect in a homicide case is defined as either: a person, who has been charged with a homicide offence, including, those, who were subsequently convicted and those awaiting trial; a person, who is suspected by the police of having committed the offence but is known to have died or committed suicide.

Where there are multiple suspects, they are categorised in the Homicide Index as either the principal or a secondary suspect. There is only ever one principal suspect per homicide victim.

The manslaughter category includes the offence of corporate manslaughter, which was created by the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007, which came into force on April 06, 2008. Infanticide is defined as the killing of a baby under one-year-old by their mother while the balance of her mind was disturbed as a result of giving birth.

There were 671 offences currently recorded as homicides in the year ending March 2019.1 This was 33 fewer, 05% decrease, than in the previous year. To put the number of homicides in context, incidence rates show the volume of offences as a proportion of the resident population. The incidence rate for homicide remains very low, with 11.4 homicides recorded per million population during the year ending March 2019, a similar rate to the previous two years. 

The number of homicides increased from around 300 per year in the early 1960s to over 700 per year in the early years of this century. This was at a faster rate than population growth over the same period, with the rate of homicide increasing from around six per million population in the early 1960s to 15.2 by the year ending March 2002. However, from the peak in this year, the volume of homicides generally decreased while the population of England and Wales continued to grow. The rate of homicide fell to 08.9 per million population in the year ending March 2015, before increasing until the year ending March 2018, 12.0. The latest year shows the first fall in homicides since the year ending March 2015 and a slight decrease in the homicide rate.

In the 1960s, the proportion of homicide victims was fairly evenly split between males and females. Since then, trends in homicide have generally been driven by changes in the number of male rather than female victims. Over the longer term, the number of female victims has tended to fluctuate between 200 and 250 a year from the 1960s. In contrast, the number of male victims increased, reaching an average of around 550 a year between year ending March 2001 to year ending March 2005. After this, there was a fall in the number of male victims, which drove the downward trend in homicide during this time. In the year ending March 2015, there were 323 male victims of homicide, the lowest number in a quarter of a century.

The increase in homicide between the year ending March 2015 and year ending March 2018 reflected a 50% rise in the number of male victims, an increase from 323 to 484. In the latest year, there has been a decrease in the number of homicides, again due to a change in the number of male victims, which decreased by 11%.4 Conversely the number of female victims has continued to increase.

Compared with other offences, homicides are relatively low-volume and year on year variations need to be interpreted with some caution. This is, partly, because trends can be affected by mass fatality homicide incidents. In the year ending March 2019, there were 662 separate homicide incidents, an increase of 03% from the 644 the previous year. This contrasts to the 05% decrease in victims seen over the same period. This was due to a number of high fatality homicide incidents in the year ending March 2018, including, the Shoreham air crash, 11 victims and the terrorist attacks in London, nine victims and Manchester, 22 victims.

The number of incidents recorded in the year ending March 2019 was not statistically significantly different compared with the previous year but remains significantly higher compared with the year ending March 2017.

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JRT Foundation UK Poverty 2019:20: Poverty Will Not Disappear On Its Own: It Can Only Be Eradicated by Political Will Choice and Determination