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The General Election 2019: December 12: Against the Conservative Sociology of Squalor

The Political Philosophy, That Says That the Most Vital Part of the Public Affairs Management System, the System of Economics, That Shapes the Market and Directs the Course of Existence of the Entire Range of Business, Trade, Commerce and Financial Endeavours of a Nation and Ultimately Shapes the Human Condition of a Nation Should Not Be in the Ownership of the Entire Nation and Its People as Their State and Government Belong to Them and the Political Economics, That Says That the Survival of the Fittest or Richest Is the Ultimate Aim of Society, in Which the Vast Majority of the Population Must Exist and Perish Away in Serving a Live-in-Life Sentence of Suffering, Agony and Hardship and Must Accept All the High-Cruelties, High-Barbarities and High-Tortures, That Capitalism Creates, Distributes and Enforces are Nothing But a Brutal, Cruel, Ruthless and Inhuman Dictate of a Monstrous Social Jingoistic Jungle, Where Neither Civic Nor Community Can Exist Nor Can There Humanity Exist as Humanity Naturale as Individuals, as Families, as Communities, as Agencies and Organisations and as a Civic Society: And When Such a Monstrous Social Jingoistic Jungle is Established in a Country It Becomes Worse Than a Jungle and It Becomes Every Citizen's Civic and Moral Duty and an Existential Necessity of Humanity to Do All in Their Democratic Power to Eliminate Such Jingoistic Jungle and Replace It with a Civic Society Where Community, People, Families, Individuals and All Humanity are as Real, as Connected and as Active, as Engaged and as Creative as the Human Physiology Is in All Humans of a Given Society

''In simple terms, the sociology of squalor’s political economical basis was created from this fact that these two conservative-led governments have cut about £30 billion pounds from the working and non-working poor in the social security cuts, that’s 30x1000=£30,000 million pounds and, than, they added another £30 billions to that cut-away £30 billions and made a sum of £60 billions and gave that away to their rich masters as corporation tax cuts, that’s £60,000 million pounds! That meant that the working and non-working poor of this country had been made to pay for the financial crash while they had nothing to do with what caused the crash. That is the foundation on which they, they then, cut the size of the entire governments of all layers and all the central and local public, civic, community, family and youth services, national health service, the national social care, education, police, social services, higher education, judiciary, including, the legal aid and the cuts in number courts etc and much more have received cuts well beyond 50% and that’s a very conservative figure.''

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New World Health Organisation Report: Stronger Focus on Nutrition Within Health Services Could Save 03.7 Million Lives by 2025


|| Wednesday: September 05: 2019|| ά. Health services must integrate a stronger focus on ensuring optimum nutrition at each stage of a person’s life, according to a new Report, released by the World Health Organisation: WHO. It is estimated that the right investment in nutrition could save 03.7 million lives by 2025.

Essential health packages in all settings need to contain robust nutrition components but countries will need to decide which interventions best support their national health policies, strategies and plans. Key interventions include providing iron and folic acid supplements as part of antenatal care; delaying umbilical cord clamping to ensure babies receive important nutrients they need after birth; promoting, protecting and supporting breastfeeding; providing advice on diet, such as, limiting the intake of free sugars in adults and children and limiting salt intake to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

“In order to provide quality health services and achieve Universal Health Coverage, nutrition should be positioned as one of the cornerstones of essential health packages.” said Dr Naoko Yamamoto, the Assistant Director-General at WHO. “We, also, need better food environments, which allow all people to consume healthy diets.”

Investment in nutrition actions will help countries get closer to their goal of achieving universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals. It can, also, help the economy, with every US$01 spent by donors on basic nutrition programmes returning US$16 to the local economy. 

The world has made progress in nutrition but major challenges still exist. There has been a global decline in stunting, low height for age ratio: between 1990 and 2018, the prevalence of stunting in children, aged under five years, declined from 39.2% to 21.9% or, from 252.5 million to 149.0 million children, though, the progress has been much slower in Africa and South-East Asia.

Obesity, however, is on the rise. The prevalence of children considered overweight rose from 04.8% to 05.9% between 1990 and 2018, an increase of over nine million children. Adult overweight and obesity are, also, rising in nearly every region and country, with 01.3 billion people overweight in 2016, of which 650 million, 13% of the world’s population, are obese. 

Obesity is a major risk factor for diabetes. cardiovascular diseases, mainly, heart disease and stroke, musculoskeletal disorders, especially, osteoarthritis, a highly disabling degenerative disease of the joints and some cancers, including, endometrial, breast, ovarian, prostate, liver, gallbladder, kidney, and colon.

An increased focus on nutrition by the health services is key to addressing both aspects of the ‘double-burden’ of malnutrition. The Essential Nutrition Actions publication is a compilation of nutrition actions to address this ‘double burden’  of underweight and overweight and provide a tool for countries to integrate nutrition interventions into their national health and development policies.

Read the Report:::ω.

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New WHO Europe Studies Find Baby Foods Are High in Sugar and Inappropriately Marketed for Babies




|| Monday: July 15: 2019 || ά. Two new studies from WHO:Europe show that a high proportion of baby foods are incorrectly marketed as suitable for infants under the age of six months and that many of those foods contain inappropriately high levels of sugar. WHO’s long-standing recommendation states that children should be breastfed, exclusively, for the first six months. Its Global Guidance on Ending the Inappropriate Promotion of Foods for Infants and Young Children 2016 explicitly states that commercial complementary foods should not be advertised for infants under six months of age.

“Good nutrition in infancy and early childhood remains key to ensuring optimal child growth and development, and to better health outcomes later in life, including, the prevention of overweight, obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases:NCDs, thereby, making United Nations Sustainable Development Goal three to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages much more achievable.” says Dr Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe. WHO developed a draft Nutrient Profile Model:NPM for children aged six to 36 months to guide decisions about which foods are inappropriate for promotion for this age group. This was put forward to Member States and stakeholders for consideration and further discussion.

WHO:Europe, also, developed a methodology for identifying commercial baby foods available in retail settings and for collecting nutritional content data on labels, as well as, other information from packaging, labelling and promotion, including, claims.

This methodology was used to collect data on 7955 food or drink products marketed for infants and young children from 516 stores in four cites in the WHO European Region: Vienna, Austria; Sofia, Bulgaria; Budapest, Hungary; and Haifa, Israel between November 2017 and January 2018.

In all four cities, a substantial proportion of the products, ranging from 28% to 60%, were marketed as being suitable for infants under the age of six months. Although, this is permitted under European Union law, it does not pay tribute to the WHO International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes or the WHO Guidance. Both explicitly state that commercial complementary foods should not be marketed as suitable for infants under six months of age.

“Foods for infants and young children are expected to comply with various established nutrition and compositional recommendations. Nonetheless, there are concerns that many products, may, still be too high in sugars.” says Dr João Breda, the Head of the WHO European Office for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases.

In three of the cities, half or more of the products provided over 30% of the calories from total sugars. Around a third of the products listed sugar, concentrated fruit juice or other sweetening agents as an ingredient. These added flavours and sugars could affect the development of children’s taste preferences by increasing their liking for sweeter foods.

Although, foods, such as, fruits and vegetables, that naturally contain sugars are appropriate for infants and young children, the very high level of free sugars in puréed commercial products is, also, cause for concern.

The draft NPM for infants and young children was developed by following recommended WHO steps and was informed by data from several sources, including, a literature review. It refers to existing European Commission directives and Codex Alimentarius standards and reflects the approach used for the WHO:Europe NPM for children over 36 months.

The draft NPM was validated against label information from 1328 products on the market in three countries in 2016–2017 and pilot-tested in seven additional countries in 2018 with a further 1314 products.:::ω.

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In the Face of Slow Progress the World Health Organisation Offers a New Tool and Sets a Target to Accelerate Action Against Anti-microbial Resistance













|| Tuesday: June 18: 2019 || ά. The World Health Organisation:WHO has launched today a worldwide campaign, urging governments to adopt a tool to reduce the spread of anti-microbial resistance, adverse events and costs. The AWaRe tool was developed by the WHO Essential Medicines List to contain rising resistance and make antibiotic use safer and more effective. It classifies antibiotics into three groups: Access, Watch and Reserve and specifies which antibiotics to use for the most common and serious infections, which ones should be available at all times in the healthcare system and those, that, must be, used sparingly or preserved and used only as a last resort.

The new campaign aims to increase the proportion of global consumption of antibiotics in the Access group to, at least, 60% and to reduce use of the antibiotics most at risk of resistance from the Watch and Reserve groups. Using Access antibiotics lowers the risk of resistance because they are ‘narrow-spectrum’ antibiotics, that target a specific micro-organism rather than several. They are, also, less costly because they are available in generic formulations.

“Anti-microbial resistance is one of the most urgent health risks of our time and threatens to undo a century of medical progress.” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “All countries, must, strike a balance between ensuring access to life-saving antibiotics and slowing drug resistance by reserving the use of some antibiotics for the hardest-to-treat infections. I urge countries to adopt AWaRe, which is a valuable and practical tool for doing just that.”  

Anti-microbial resistance is a global health and development threat, that continues to escalate globally, as highlighted in a recent report by the International Co-ordination Group on Anti-microbial Resistance. Currently, it is estimated that more than 50% of antibiotics in many countries are used inappropriately, such as, for treatment of viruses when they only treat bacterial infections or use of the wrong, broader spectrum, antibiotic, thus, contributing to the spread of anti-microbial resistance.

One of the most pressing concerns is the spread of resistant gram-negative bacteria, including, Acinetobacter, Escherichia Coli and Klebsiella Pneumoniae. These bacteria, which are commonly seen in hospitalised patients, cause infections like Pneumonia, bloodstream infections, wound or surgical site infections and Meningitis. When antibiotics stop working effectively, more expensive treatments and hospital admissions are needed, taking a heavy toll on already stretched health budgets.

At the same time, many low-and middle income countries experience vast gaps in access to effective and appropriate antibiotics. Childhood deaths due to Pneumonia, estimated globally at close to one million per year because of lack of access to antibiotics remain frequent in many parts of the world. And, although, over 100 countries have put in place national plans to tackle anti-microbial resistance, only about one fifth of those plans are funded and implemented.

“Tackling anti-microbial resistance requires a careful balance between access and preservation.” said Dr Hanan Balkhy, WHO Assistant-Director General for anti-microbial resistance. “The AWaRe tool can guide policy to ensure patients keep being treated, while, also, limiting use of the antibiotics most at risk of resistance.”

In the absence of new significant investments into the development of new antibiotics, improving the use of antibiotics is one of the key actions needed to curb further emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance. By classifying antibiotics into three distinct groups and advising on when to use them, AWaRe makes it easier for policy-makers, prescribers and health workers to select the right antibiotic at the right time, and to protect endangered antibiotics.

“Anti-microbial resistance is an invisible pandemic.” said Dr Mariângela Simão, Assistant-Director General for Access to Medicines. “We are already starting to see signs of a post-antibiotic era, with the emergence of infections that are untreatable by all classes of antibiotics. We, must, safeguard these precious last-line antibiotics to ensure we can still treat and prevent serious infections.”

The AWaRe campaign: ‘AdoptAWaRe, Handle antibiotics with care’ will be officially launched on June 19 by the Ministers of Health of The Netherlands and Indonesia and WHO Assistant-Director General Dr Hanan Balkhy, at the second ministerial conference on AMR in Noordwijk, The Netherlands.  The campaign web site provides advocacy and communication materials and resources for policy makers.:::ω.

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Air Pollution Kills Seven Million Human Beings Annually: Around 600,000 of Them Are Children: And the Rest of Humanity Is Paying the High Price Throughout Their Existence So Long They Can Soldier On




|| Monday: June 03: 2019 || ά. An independent United Nations Expert said on Monday that the failure of governments across the world to ensure clear air, constitutes a violation of the rights to life, health and well-being, as well as, the right to live in a healthy environment. Ahead of the 2019 World Environment Day on Wednesday, which has air pollution as its theme, Mr David Boyd, the UN’s Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment, called on states to take urgent action to improve air quality in order to fulfil their human rights obligations.

Air pollution is a deadly, human-made problem, responsible for the early deaths of some seven million people every year, around 600,000 of whom are children. It is estimated that 90 per cent of the world’s population breathe polluted air. Every five seconds, somebody around the world dies prematurely as a result. In a statement, Mr Boyd said that uncontaminated air is a core component of the right to a healthy environment, together with clean water and adequate sanitation, healthy and sustainably produced food, a non-toxic environment, healthy bio-diversity and a safe climate.

And, The Humanion would like to pose, which of these is afforded to any individual or community of humanity on this earth? And, yet, the world goes on and the it keeps on going the same way, without stopping to ask as to what is causing all this? The United Nations is not going to answer this but the world can not wait to see that this capitalist apparatus is killing the entire humanity by these massive slaughters of life? How long would it take, at this rate, seven million human beings being slaughtered by toxic air every year, to wipe out the entire humankind? Why should one single human being die of breathing in toxic air or living in horrible environment? But capitalism’s supporters in the world would rather the world forget about all this and join the ‘circus’ so that they can all keep on ‘playing flute’ while the Rome of the World keeps on being destroyed.   

“The right to a healthy environment is fundamental to human well-being and is legally recognised by over 150 States at the national and regional levels. It should be globally reaffirmed to ensure the enjoyment of this right by everyone, everywhere while upholding the human rights principles of universality and non-discrimination.” Mr Boyd said. 

Mr. Boyd described the efforts of China, host of this year’s World Environment Day, to tackle air pollution, as a success story. Although, the Chinese capital, Beijing, has become synonymous with dirty air over the past few decades, a concerted effort by local and regional authorities has seen an improved situation in recent years, with the concentration of fine particulates, the tiny, invisible airborne particles, that are largely responsible for deaths and illnesses from air pollution, falling by a third.

Mr Boyd reiterated his recommended measures for reducing air pollution, contained in a Report presented to the UN Human Rights Council in March. These include monitoring air quality and impacts on human health, assessing sources of air pollution, establishing air quality legislation and developing air quality action plans.

“In celebration of World Environment Day, I urge States to take bold action to beat air pollution, improve health, address climate change and fulfil their human rights obligations,’’ he said. World Environment Day, celebrated since 1974, is the United Nations day for encouraging worldwide awareness and action to protect the environment. It is organised around a theme, that addresses a particularly pressing environmental concern.

In a video message released ahead of the Day, the UN Secretary-General Mr António Guterres said that, as well as, claiming millions of lives every year and damaging children’s development, many air pollutants are, also, causing global warming. Mr Guterres called climate change an existential threat and pressed the international community to tax pollution, not people and stop building coal plants.:::ω.

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What’s the Advice Doctor: Well It Appears What Is Good for the Heart Is Also Good for the Brain: New WHO Guidelines to Help Reduce the Risk of Dementia



|| Tuesday: May 14: 2019 || ά. People can reduce their risk of Dementia by getting regular exercise, not smoking, avoiding harmful use of alcohol, controlling their weight, eating a healthy diet and maintaining healthy blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels, according to new guidelines, issued by the World Health Organisation:WHO today. The Guidelines provide the knowledge base for health-care providers to advise patients on what they can do to help prevent cognitive decline and Dementia.

They will, also, be useful for governments, policy-makers and planning authorities to guide them in developing policy and designing programmes, that encourage healthy lifestyles. The reduction of risk factors for Dementia is one of several areas of action included in WHO’s Global action plan for the public health response to Dementia. Other areas include: strengthening information systems for Dementia; diagnosis, treatment and care; supporting carers of people with Dementia; and research and innovation.

“In the next 30 years, the number of people with Dementia is expected to triple.” said WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. “We need to do everything we can to reduce our risk of Dementia. The scientific evidence gathered for these Guidelines confirm what we have suspected for some time, that what is good for our heart, is, also, good for our brain.”

WHO’s Global Dementia Observatory, launched in December 2017, is a compilation of information about country activities and resources for Dementia, such as, national plans, dementia-friendly initiatives, awareness campaigns and facilities for care. Data from 21 countries, including, Baangladesh, Chile, France, Japan, Jordan and Togo, have already been included, with a total of 80 countries now engaged in providing data.

Creating national policies and plans for Dementia are among WHO’s key recommendations for countries in their efforts to manage this growing health challenge. During 2018, WHO provided support to countries, such as, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Qatar, Slovenia and Sri Lanka to help them develop a comprehensive, multi-sectoral public health response to Dementia.

‘’An essential element of every national Dementia plan is to support for carers of people with Dementia.’’ said Dr Dévora Kestel, the Director of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at WHO. “Dementia carers are very often family members, who need to make considerable adjustments to their family and professional lives to care for their loved ones. This is why WHO created iSupport. iSupport is an online training programme, providing carers of people with Dementia with advice on overall management of care, dealing with behaviour changes and how to look after their own health.” iSupport is currently being used in eight countries, with more expected to follow.

Dementia is an illness characterised by a deterioration in cognitive function beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language and judgement. Dementia results from a variety of diseases and injuries, that affect the brain, such as, Alzheimer Disease or Stroke.

Dementia is a rapidly growing public health problem, affecting around 50 million people worldwide. There are nearly 10 million new cases every year. Dementia is a major cause of disability and dependency among older people. Additionally, the disease inflicts a heavy economic burden on societies as a whole, with the costs of caring for people with Dementia, estimated to rise to US$02 trillion annually by 2030.

Guidelines on risk reduction of Cognitive Decline and Dementia

Global Dementia Observatory

GDO Country Profiles:::ω.

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New UN Report Calls for Urgent Action to Avert Anti-microbial Resistance Crisis: There Must Be an Approach of One World: One Humanity: One Health: One Unifying Urgent Priority and Action: The World Must Reach Universal Health Coverage Secure and Safe Food Sustainable Farming Systems and Clean Water and Sanitation



|| Monday: April 29: 2019 || ά. International organisations unite on critical recommendations to combat drug-resistant infections and prevent staggering number of deaths each year. The United Nations, international agencies and experts today released a ground-breaking Report, demanding immediate, co-ordinated and ambitious action to avert a potentially disastrous drug-resistance crisis. If, no action is taken, warns the UN Ad hoc Interagency Co-ordinating Group on Anti-microbial Resistance, who released this Report, drug-resistant diseases could cause 10 million deaths each year by 2050 and damage to the economy as catastrophic as the 2008-2009 global financial crisis.

By 2030, anti-microbial resistance could force up to 24 million people into extreme poverty. Currently, at least 700,000 people die each year due to drug-resistant diseases, including, 230,000 people, who die from multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis. More and more common diseases, including, respiratory tract infections, sexually transmitted infections and urinary tract infections, are untreatable; lifesaving medical procedures are becoming much riskier and our food systems are increasingly precarious. The world is already feeling the economic and health consequences as crucial medicines become ineffective.

Without investment from countries in all income brackets, future generations will face the disastrous impacts of uncontrolled anti-microbial resistance. Recognising that human, animal, food and environmental health are closely interconnected, the Report calls for a co-ordinated, multi-sectoral ‘One Health’ approach.

The Report recommends countries: prioritise national action plans to scale-up financing and capacity-building efforts; put in place stronger regulatory systems and support awareness programmes for responsible and prudent use of anti-microbials by professionals in human, animal and plant health; invest in ambitious research and development for new technologies to combat anti-microbial resistance; urgently phase out the use of critically important anti-microbials as growth promoters in agriculture.

“Anti-microbial resistance is one of the greatest threats we face as a global community. This Report reflects the depth and scope of the response needed to curb its rise and protect a century of progress in health.” said Ms Amina Mohammed, the UN Deputy Secretary-General and Co-Chair of the IACG. “It rightly emphasises that there is no time to wait and I urge all stakeholders to act on its recommendations and work urgently to protect our people and planet and secure a sustainable future for all.”

The recommendations require immediate engagement across sectors, from governments and the private sector, to civil society and academia. Convened at the request of world leaders after the first ever UN High-Level Meeting on Anti-microbial Resistance in 2016, the expert group brought together partners across the UN, International organisations and individuals with expertise across human, animal and plant health, as well as, the food, animal feed, trade, development and environment sectors, to formulate a blueprint for the fight against anti-microbial resistance.

This Report reflects a renewed commitment to collaborative action at the global level by the World Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN:FAO, the World Organisation for Animal Health:OIE and the World Health Organisation:WHO.

“The Report’s recommendations recognise that anti-microbials are critical to safeguard food production, safety and trade, as well as, human and animal health and it clearly promotes responsible use across sectors.” said Mr José Graziano da Silva, the Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations:FAO. “Countries can foster sustainable food systems and farming practices, that reduce the risk of anti-microbial resistance by working together to promote viable alternatives to anti-microbial use, as laid out in the Report’s recommendations.”

“Anti-microbial resistance, must be, addressed urgently, through a ‘One Health’ approach, involving, bold, long-term commitments from governments and other stakeholders, supported by the international organisations.” said Dr Monique Eloit, the Director General of the World Organisation for Animal Health:OIE.

“This Report demonstrates the level of commitment and co-ordination, that will be required as we face this global challenge to public health, animal health and welfare and food security. We, must, all play our part in ensuring future access to and efficacy of these essential medicines.”