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Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd Publishes The Humanion among doing other things: We do not and shall not accept fundings or contributions from any type, form, manner and layer of Governments of national, international, supra-national or any other type or bodies formed by them nor from rich individuals or bodies or agencies of any kind. This, to us, is as a matter of absolute philosophic principle to ensure our resolute and complete independence. The ways, in which, we invite support from the readers, members of the public and all other individuals and agencies and businesses of any kind, are: a: Voluntary Subscription Payments: b: Voluntary Contributions: c: The Minimal and Symbolic Membership Fees to Our Regineumanics Family: d: Buying a Copy of The Long Walk to Humanics: e: Contributing to Our Events and f: Advertisement in The Humanion. We say it here and invite you for your support and we do not keep asking you on every page your visit to read the materials. You make a conscious, wilful and philosophic choice to Support The Humanion and The Foundation. If, you do: thank you: If, you do not, thank you, too, for reading The Humanion. The world has, apparently, accepted that Capitalism is the High Pinnacle of All Systems and, some still dream that Marxism will rescue humanity from this Killing Mechanism Capitalism, we refuse to subscribe to that and Humanics is the Post-Marxist and Post-Capitalistic World View of What Humanity can be and what it can do and how infinitely better a human condition can be created in a Humanical Society, by eradicating ownership and money and by establishing belongingship in human enterprise, setting all humans at liberty and equality under the rule of law in natural justice with a direct form of democracy, humanics calls it, Humanicsovics, in which, each human soul is her:his own High Representative. In this, Humanics is the Minority Vision and, in this, we do not and can not expect millions and billions of people supporting our vision today but We Whole-Heartedly Believe That ONE DAY This Humanity Shall BE ALL HUMANICAL: By When: We Know Not But This: That Being a Monstrous Killing Mechanism Capitalism IS Unsustainable: But the World Shall Change One Day and Every Change Begins with an Idea, with a Vision: We invite you to Envision the Vision of Humanics and Support The Humanion and The Foundation to Keep Taking Forward the Vision of Humanics for an Infinitely Better Humanity in an Infinitely Better Human Condition for All Humanity Across Mother Earth. Thank You.

First Published: September 24: 2015
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This is Not the Whole of This Magnificent River: Suppose, This is Life: This is Not the Whole of Life Either. Sociology Seeks to Show Us the Way to the Whole: The Whole of Life and the Whole of Society in Which This Life Exists and Creates Complexities That Regulate the Apparent Simplicities of Every Expression of That What is Human Life

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University of Auckland New Zealand

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We find more children are being taken into care with fewer foster carers to look after them as we launch Barnardo’s 10th Annual Fostering Campaign 2019, which are fronted by The Only Way Is Essex Actor Ms Lydia Bright and Ms Debbie Douglas. The fact is this that the number of children in care in England has risen by 27 per cent in the last 10 years, against which we urgently appeal for more people to consider fostering. In the past decade, Barnardo’s foster carers have looked after thousands of children, giving them the best chance to have a happier and positive future.

However, we are concerned that there are not enough suitable foster families to take care of the increasing numbers of vulnerable children in care. Increasing child poverty, a lack of early intervention and support for families before they reach crisis point and a heightened awareness of abuse and neglect are among the complex reasons more and more children and young people are being taken into care. But figures from Ofsted show that the number of approved carers has dropped by 950 in just one year. If, these trends continue it will become, even, more difficult to find good foster placements for vulnerable children. Join In and Support Our Annual Fostering Campaign 2019.

Austerity Results in Social Murder: According to New Research: Or Rather the Question Should Be Why Is Austerity Only Forced Upon the Poor the Vulnerable Unemployed and Working Poor in Subsidised Work Where Employers Pocket That Government Subsidy as Extra Profits: While These Very People Are Already Being Damaged and Devastated by Their Existing State of Poverty in Every Expression of Life  



|| January 10: 2019: Lancaster University News || ά. The consequence of austerity in the social security system, severe cuts to benefits and the ‘ratcheting up’ of conditions, attached to benefits, is ‘social murder’, according to new research by a Lancaster University academic. This is a vital and courageous piece of work; generally, researchers are towing the line, dictated by the ‘safe-research-guidelines’, supported by ‘funders’, that, simply, would pay for so-called research to regurgitate the taughtologies’. Austerity cuts the poor of all sorts, in countless many other ways, whether they are on benefits of any sort or whether they are at work, which are low paid, where the state is subsidising it by working benefits, which the state should not have to do should it have the guts to ask employers to pay a living wage to their employees! But it does not ask employers to pay a living wage so that the state is paying what the employers should pay their employees, except, that subsidy payment by the state is taken by the employers as ‘extra profit’ because they did not have to pay that money to their employees because the state is paying. No one has any issue with that!

A person on benefit, imagine, walking into any of these stores, selling all sort of living-materials, from bed to table and chair and sofas and all other appliances. Imagine, they are walking through these stores and finding the entire range of the items on sale are beyond their wildest dreams. They can not buy a single item from any of these shops. They have trouble paying their bills and, then, they have to line up the food bank. This person on benefit on low income realises that she:he is cut out of the whole social inter-exchange. They are cut out of it all together. Then, they find because of their poverty, they live in horrible places, where there are hardly any civic, community and other relevant services so that when they need these services they find they have nothing. Their children receive the poorest standard of education, social services and any other service, that they are supposed to receive because their local government received the largest cut in their fundings! And, thus, a great deal of services they find not being there. Why are these services not there? Because the state has applied the austerity knife and chopped away all the services. The maternity services, the family services, the advice services, legal aid services, housing and other advice services, family support services, youth services, library services, reproductive health services and so on.

So, they find at home, when they have a home, they are cut out into impossibility and when out there they find that everything is cut out and taken beyond them. So, this poverty-dictated person, walks out and goes and at the outlets for the poorest buys things, all of which are cheap and old and, often, at the worst quality and that is all they can do. If, they were to be able to buy a little food for lunch, for instance, once in a ‘Martian day’, they can only do so with the places, where literally they sell junk not food at the prices the poor can afford. And, these propagandists say that these brutality of austerity and poverty-devastation are not going to impact on the human soul, who finds existence in these conditions a living-in-life-sentence what can be said to them. One stays hungry and does not get all the necessary nutrition for one’s body and they say that it does not and should not impact on this person and what can be said to this utter nonsense? But when the political propaganda machine goes in hyperdrive, everyone stops questioning and accepts the dished out taughtologies and use them and accept them and that is how this ferocious political economic war against the poor has been going on in this country. And this is how people are paying the price, people are dying needlessly, suffering needlessly. Homeless people have been abandoned to a waste of existence in limbo while the rough sleeping humanity is dying in their hundreds annually around the country and we find it acceptable and it goes one and the problems get worse day after day. We hope this piece of research goes to inspire new generation of sociology researchers and in other fields to rise to challenge all the taughtologies and drive and strive to get to the bottom of why the fifth:sixth richest country in the world, this United Kingdom, has been increasingly made into a sociological squalor, where we have, already, ironically, a Minister for Loneliness and MPs are calling for a Minister for Hunger? Are we going to just sit, watch, look away and let this sociological squalor gets the United Kingdom to become the sociological junk-yard of Europe?

Dr Chris Grover, who heads the University’s Sociology Department, says that austerity can be understood as a form of structural violence, violence, that is built into society and is expressed in unequal power and unequal life chances, as it deepens inequalities and injustices and creates even more poverty. The article, ‘Violent proletarianisation: social murder, the reserve army of labour and social security ‘austerity’ in Britain’, suggests that as a result of the violence of austerity working class people face harm to their physical and mental wellbeing and, in some instances, are ‘socially murdered’.

Dr Grover uses the article to call on the Government for change and action. Dr Grover refers to the process as ‘violent proletarianisation’, the idea that violent austerity is aimed at forcing people to do paid work, rather than being reliant upon benefits.

“To address violent proletarianisation what is required is not the tweaking of existing policies but fundamental change, that removes the economic need for people to work for the lowest wages, that employers can get away with paying.” says Dr Grover.

Published in the journal, Critical Social Policy, Dr Grover gives examples of where social security austerity has led to a range of harms: an additional six suicides for every 10,000 work capability assessments done, increasing number of people in Britain ar dying of malnutrition and increasing numbers of homeless people dying on the streets or in hostels.

The article argues that austerity, the difficult economic conditions, created by Government by cutting back on public spending, has brought cuts and damaging changes to social security policy, meaning Britain has fallen victim to a brutal approach to forcing people to do low paid work.

“The violence takes two forms.,” says Dr Grover. “First, it involves further economic hardship of already income-poor people. It causes social inequalities and injustices in the short term and in the longer term. Second, the poverty, that violent proletarianisation creates is both known and avoidable.”

The Paper: Violent proletarianisation: social murder, the reserve army of labour and social security ‘austerity’ in Britain:::ω.

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Workers’ Rights Are Human Rights: The European Union Procurement Law Found to Be a Useful Tool to Protect the Rights of Third World Workers: New Study Finds




|| December 18: 2018: University of Birmingham News || ά. Workers involved in fragmented production chains are increasingly exposed to exploitation, modern slavery and human rights violations. However, European Union public procurement legislation can raise awareness to this reality, a new study shows. When supplying goods and services, global enterprises tap into complex networks to source the cheapest components and workforce across national borders in order to maximise profits, making it difficult to use existing international laws to protect workers.

In this, the world’s human rights communities, must, promote this vital message: human rights are never national and are never bound by national boundaries, maps and borders: human rights apply to all humanity and everyone, wherever, they are, has duty and role to ensure that human rights of people, workers included, are not just an after thought or a tick-box, which is ticked because it looks good. But the development of the European Union public procurement regulation has emerged as a useful tool to change the behaviour of firms, suppliers and contractors linked by Global Supply Chains across different countries with varying legislation. Researchers at the University of Birmingham and Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich:LMU have published their findings in Europe and the World: A law review.

Dr Maria Anna Corvaglia, from Birmingham Law School, said, ”Global demand for cheap labour exposes workers to increasing risk of dangerous working conditions, over long hours and excessively low wages.’’ This goes to show that it does not matter what body it is, whether it is a single state or a body, such as, the European Union, every ‘body’, can do a great deal in advancing human rights of workers and, all others, across the world.

For human rights are like the air, there is no border in air, so that, if, there appears toxicity in some part of this air-ecology, it spreads all over and impacts on everything across the earth. There is no safe-house for human rights and workers rights, if, only these rights apply and are enforceable in one country, if, all other places, with which this country does business with violate and infringe on human rights because all that come right to this country, that has human rights.

‘’Human rights violations and modern slavery are now a real concern in the complex management of public supply chains, as fragmented production across different countries has made effective enforcement increasingly challenging.

However, public procurement decisions are not only attempting to ensure that the winning bidder follows socially responsible practices but, also, to influence suppliers and sub-contractors, involved in the production of the final goods and services.” she said.

Research by Dr Corvaglia and Kevin Li, of LMU, highlight the 2014 reforms of EU Procurement Directives as a key element in procurement regulation, which is helping to improve working conditions and address violations of human rights abroad.

They point out that certification and labelling are important elements of new regulation practices, making it possible to monitor and protect human rights and labour standards outside the jurisdiction of the procuring country.

Members of the supply chain are encouraged to flag up their enhanced performance in order to persuade public bodies to choose their products or services, because they meet social and ethical requirements.

”The EU Procurement Directives open many opportunities for achieving social and labour policies in public procurement.” said Dr Corvaglia. ”The government agency considers the human rights and labour conditions of supplying companies located abroad, when making its decision, directly influencing the behaviour of companies within the supply chain.”:::ω. 

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1918 Parliamentary Election in Which Women First Stood and Fought to Be Elected as Members of Parliament: How Did They Stand and How Did They Fight: To Advance Women’s Rights




|| December 14: 2018: University of Exeter News || ά. Britain’s first female parliamentary candidates utilised their gender as a campaigning tool to win votes and championed new policies, such as, equal citizenship, analysis of historic records show. On November 21, 1918, the Parliament:Qualification of Women: Act was passed, which enabled women over the age of 21 to become MPs. As the general election was set for December 14, that gave the women very little time to organise themselves.

The pioneering women, who stood in the 1918 General Election, a century ago, emphasised to the electorate that they had the unique skills and experiences, which would benefit Parliament during Britain’s reconstruction after the First World War. Historian Ms Lisa Berry-Waite, from the University of Exeter, has uncovered the election literature for all of the 17 women, who stood in the historic 1918 election, in which women over the age of thirty, who met the property qualifications, could vote for the first time. Her work focuses on the election addresses of woman candidates between 1918 and 1931 and is part of the wider Age of Promises project, funded by the Leverhulme Trust.

The election addresses haven’t been examined in great detail before and many of the first women candidates have been forgotten in history. Women aimed to capture the votes of newly enfranchised women, campaigning on issues, such as, equal voting rights and better housing. However, they were cautious not to alienate male voters and praised the bravery of the soldiers and sailors, who fought in the war.

Ms Lisa Berry-Waite said, “In the celebration of partial female suffrage this year, it is sometimes forgotten women still had to argue for their place in Parliament. The first women candidates utilised their gender, arguing that the ‘woman’s point of view’ was needed in Parliament to represent the needs of women and children. From reading their election addresses, you get a real sense of who these women were, what they were passionate about, and how they refused to apologise for their gender. The 1918 General Election saw a significant focus on ‘women’s issues’ for the first time.”

The research is the first detailed analysis of women candidate’s election addresses in the inter-war period. The 1918 election addresses were discovered in numerous archives around the country, from the University of Bristol’s Special Collections, to the Imperial War Museum. It is no wonder that most of the women had been involved in the suffrage movement previously and none was selected to stand in safe seats, given the novelty of a woman candidate. Only one woman was successful in 1918, the Sinn Fein candidate Constance Markievicz but she refused to take her seat over Irish independence. The first woman MP to take her seat in the House of Commons was Nancy Astor, who won in a Plymouth by-election in 1919.

Mary Macarthur, a Labour candidate in Stourbridge in 1918, promised to voice the ‘aspirations’ of women workers, saying: “I DO NOT APOLOGISE FOR MY SEX. It takes a man and a woman to make the IDEAL HOME and I believe neither can build the IDEAL WORLD without the help of the other. In the new Parliament, where laws affecting every household in the land will be framed, the point of view of the MOTHER AS WELL AS THE FATHER, should find expression.”

Macarthur, who said her campaign was financed by the ‘pennies’ of female workers across the country, said, if, elected she wanted to: ‘’speak for the women, whose work never ends, the women in the home who faces and solves a multitude of problems every day – the woman who too often has been forgotten by politicians, the mother of the children upon who the FUTURE PRIDE AND STRENGTH OF THE NATION DEPENDS.” Macarthur’s background was in the trade union movement, in 1903 she became Honorary Secretary of Women’s Trade Union League and in 1906 she founded the National Federation of Women Workers.

Eunice Murray, who stood as an Independent candidate in 1918 for Bridgeton, Glasgow, said, “I am standing for Parliament because I want to assert to the fullest extent the right of every citizen, regardless of sex, to fill positions of trust and to share in the work and the government of the country; and because I am convinced that the country will benefit unestimably by the representation of the women’s point of view in parliament.” Murray was a suffragist and a member of the Women’s Freedom League. She wrote numerous suffrage pamphlets and letters, which were published in the press.

Murray promised to secure ‘rescue and reparation’ for women victims of the war and said that she would demand the setting up of courts to search for the women, who were missing and to punish all officers and men guilty of deporting, selling and allowing outrage and brutality and sanctioning the deporting and forced labour of women.

Former President of the National Federation of Women Teachers Emily Frost Phipps, who stood as an Independent for Chelsea, told voters it was ‘desirable’ to have women to help settle affairs of the nation. She asked people to follow example of Canadian soldiers, who had elected a woman. Phipps was a headteacher and, also, a prominent figure in the Women’s Freedom League.  She boycotted the census in 1911 by sleeping in a cave with friends in the Gower Peninsula.

Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence, who stood in Rusholme for the Labour party asked in what she described as a ‘special letter to women voters’ for people to ‘let the world see what women can do now, when they have the chance’. She went on to state that she had ‘given many years of hard work in helping to get votes for women’. Pethick-Lawrence and her husband were prominent members of the WSPU, she was imprisoned numerous times for her militant activities and was force fed in Holloway goal. Nonetheless, the Pethick-Lawrences were ousted from the WSPU in 1912 and between 1915 and 1922, she became treasurer of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom.

Violet Markham, a Liberal candidate in Mansfield, stood in the seat previously held by her brother, who had died in the war. She told voters her brother’s friends had persuaded her to campaign and that, if, elected she would give up her seat in a year so returning soldiers, who were not yet home from war could have the right to vote. Interestingly, Markham had been a leading anti-suffragist before she changed her views on suffrage during the war.

The one Conservative candidate, Alice Lucas, stood in place of her husband in Kennington, London, who died three days before the election. She only had time to release a brief statement to the press.

Margery Corbett Ashby, who stood as a Liberal candidate for Ladywood, Birmingham, used a picture of her with her son on the front of her election address. She made sure to tell voters that she was the wife of a soldier still in Belgium, including, a picture of him in military uniform with the slogan ‘A Soldier’s Wife for Ladywood’. She was an active suffragist and became secretary of the NUWSS in 1907. She noted in her address: “As a worker for the Law-Abiding Suffragists she has helped eight million women to secure the vote.”

During this election, ‘coupon’ candidates were endorsed by the coalition government,  Lloyd George Liberals and the Conservatives. Christabel Pankhurst, who stood for the Women’s Party in Smethwick, was the only woman to receive a coupon from the government. As Pankhurst was a former leader of the WSPU, her election campaign was watched with great anticipation.

Nonetheless, she lost by just 775 votes. In her election address, she emphasised that she supported a ‘Victorious Peace and National and Imperial prosperity’. She utilised her gender, noting: “As a Woman Member of Parliament, I shall, if, elected, give special attention to the Housing Question, because, as every woman knows, a good home is the foundation of all well being.”

In total, five women stood as Independents, claiming to be above party politics. This is not surprising, given many women had become alienated by party politics during the fight for the suffrage. Four women stood for Labour, four stood for the Liberals and only Lucas stood for the Conservatives. Pankhurst was the only Women’s Party candidate and two women stood for Sinn Fein, Constance Markievicz and Winifred Carney.

In this centenary year, it’s important to celebrate these pioneering women for their bravery and commitment to equality and justice. Whilst only Markievicz succeeded, these women paved the way for future generations and proved women were capable of standing in parliamentary elections.:::ω. 

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The Efficacy and Sustainability of Revolutionary Struggles



|| November 14: 2018: Dr J Everet Green Writing || ά. By revolutionary struggles I mean that dismantling the current capitalist superstructure is essential for the building of a more humane society.  Part of this struggle is the recognition that the mental superstructure and the intellectual foundations are dependent on the social base of society.   

            As we begin the new semester of academic work, what motivates us to choose one academic theme over another and how do we deal with conflicting motives and divided loyalties in terms of our own intellectual development, varied interests of students, responsibility to the academic institutions, relationship to colleagues, institutional mission, and ourselves as agents of change within the wider community? 

            The university is a market.  Goods are being sold along with professionals selling themselves.  In this market place are competing ideas and even competing claims that some goods are more valuable than others.  As philosophers, what are we selling and at what price do we maintain marketability in institutions that have become more and more corporatised?   

In this corporate structure there are planning and development, short and long term financial forecast, projections about goods, that is, students and services, faculty and administrators, public relations, etc.  In this milieu, is the professional philosopher staking out a claim about truth and reality with political:class implications which may or may not be subjective and spontaneous depending on one’s personal history and motivations?  

Are philosophers priests?  The role of priests is social control and the maintenance of the social order.  A class instinct is always present—latent or potent.    Or are philosophers agents of change that challenge received traditions?  Either way, philosophy is essentially political.  This positioning of the philosophical theory is essentially part of a class struggle between different world views.  Philosophical activities take place within the market where goods are being bought and sold.  Courses are being bought and sold in the name of economic efficiency; minimum requirements are stipulated for courses to be run and at many institutions a slew of migrant workers:adjuncts: are required to increase productivity and profitability.   In this sphere of economic efficiency, is there any possibility for the transforming power of ideas to be concretised in the academic community and the wider society at large?  

In a few institutions, there are on-going discussions about where  investments are executed or done in a way whereby social responsibility is given some consideration and some of us might even wonder from time to time whether our pay checks are dripping with the blood of exploited miners in the Americas or South Africa or from the ravages of countries and communities created by hedge fund managers while our ideas are floating majestically in the clouds of theories, concepts, and postulations.   This relationship between the funding of academic institutions and the plunder of nations is not new, only that exploitation and expropriation have become so widespread and acceptable that these activities fit in quite well with the banality of many aspects of academic life.  The level of economic exploitation is reaching a tipping point in terms of part time workers, students being unable to meet the rising cost of tuitions and fees while at the same time many students are unable to meet basic needs for their survival.  Under these conditions, the necessity of survival becomes paramount to the extent that the need to engage in political transformation or even the will is lacking.

The need to toe the party line is sometimes a matter of survival.   Many are informed to conform to institutional expectations as an avenue to receive tenure.  One junior professor at a very prestigious institution was told by his chair that he should not host a Philosophy Born of Struggle Conference because he could not guarantee what invited speakers might say.  This might jeopardise the possibility of receiving tenure.  In the current climate where people can be censored for speaking out some are questioning the viability and the very nature of philosophical reflection.  So, in this market place of contestation even the right to speak candidly is itself being contested.  It is not that the academic environment is politicised.  It is that the politics is becoming more overt. However, the scientific outlook is opening up a way in which the materialist worldview is becoming an alternative to the sway of idealism. 

Consequently, the subject matter presented should reflect the daily struggle of the academic community particularly students.  What message do we have for so many students who are mortgaging their future, sometimes with insurmountable debt in an effort to be commoditised?  Many of us are making our subject matter relevant to perceived needs of students.  That is merely window dressing to the fundamental problem of exploitation and expropriation of students.  It was really shocking recently when I read that profit from Sallie Mae was boosting college endowments while students were becoming severely indebted because of rising costs of tuition and other expenses.  The students were victimised twice by the expenses the institutions were extracting from them.  They have to borrow money for student loans at increasing interest rates which is then paid to colleges.   This money is paid to college endowments.  Colleges invest in Sallie Mae.

Merely tinkering at the edge in terms of social reform or postulating theories of justice and debating what is a just society can be considered an exercise in futility.  There is the urgent necessity for a grand refusal.  There is the necessity to be engaged in massive civil disobedience.  There is the need for radical social transformation.

How do our theories affect the day-to-day lives of students and by extension the community at large?  Competing theories are ways in which we present ourselves to the world with intended and unintended consequences.  Idealism versus materialism are constructions with political consequences.  The relentless pursuit of economic efficiency which results in the corporatisation of every aspect of academic life, the monstrosity of students’ deb, over one trillion, which is increasing poverty at an alarming rate causing disruptions in family life yearns for a radical restructuring of the social order beginning with academia.

Emphatically yes revolutionary struggles are of great urgency but how are they to be sustained? 

            Should black philosophers because of the history of oppression of Africana people be the vanguard in developing a critique of academic life worthy for the maintenance of revolutionary struggle?  Some may say like any other group we should allow a thousand flowers to bloom from the most reactionary to those who cultivate a revolutionary consciousness.  It is natural that our philosophical outlook is instructed by experience. 

So, what is my experience?  Growing up in the village at seven, eight, nine years old eighty-five to ninety per cent of the arable land was owned by one person. What resulted was a lot of waste while the majority of the villagers huddled together on rocky soil lived in abject poverty as they struggled to eke out an existence as a result of limited ownership of land and other resources.  While numerous families suffered from malnutrition, many cows belonging to Custos Cox died in giving birth because there were not enough hands to tend the plantation.  It was not unusual to see cows dead on Custos Cox’s plantation.   Hundreds of mango, orange, apple trees would be laden with fruits that were not harvested. The fruits would fall to the ground and rot while many people in the village were in a state of starvation.  If you decided to stave off your hunger by helping yourself to the fruits rotting on the ground, you could be subjected to spending nine to fourteen days in jail.  Some of us as youngsters decided to help ourselves to the fruits.  We felt no pangs that we were stealing. We could see no justification for this kind of waste while people were suffering.

            In 1968, when I was introduced to the Communist Manifesto and the Kantian categorical imperative, I already knew that I was part of the proletariat.  Now I was given a kind of theoretical framework, a language to express my lived experience.  The Kantian postulation of treating humanity in oneself and that of another as an end sounded particularly strange.  I wanted Custos Cox, the British owner of the plantation, dead so that many villagers would no longer be in a state of starvation.  That experience along with the work of Caribbean activists and scholars such as Garvey, Fanon, and Walter Rodney continues to inform my life and work until this day.   

In most departments of philosophy, there is the token Black, and if people are very lucky, there may be two or three.

            Why philosophy?  Because it deals with an outlook.  By theorising it is creating a worldview that is not value neutral.  That view itself is political and in this milieu of contestation, one is putting a mark on the world, a mark on reality, a way of constructing human society.  For the most part since people of African descent, have a peculiar history world wide and in the United States which of necessity informs our theorising, to a large extent, one might even say that we have a unique way because of this history of conceiving and realising the world.  In a collective way, what does this group bring to the life of struggle?

            The crisis in academia in the immediate future will only intensify under the corporate model as faculty and administrators sell their services and students become more discriminatory in the type of goods worth purchasing.  Competition amongst institutions will intensify.   The scramble for scarce resources amongst departments and individuals sometimes to justify one’s worth and contribution in the corporate model will become more intense.  In this sense, the academic institution is just a reflection of the wider community within society, locally and internationally.   Other by products like ethnic, racial, class, gender cleavages will continue to be part of the landscape.  To save these institutions from these destructive tendencies, a certain consciousness:outlook must be cultivated within academic institutions that build solidarity with community organisations that are already in the forefront of revolutionary struggles and be instructed by these organisations.  The institutions must find ways to build horizontal relationships with community organisations both by providing leadership and be led.  We must always be sensitive to the fact that sometimes, events might take a long time to unfold.   There are other times when there are dramatic social movements and there is always the need for preparation as we seek to interpret the social pulse.

            There was Ferguson and now there is Black Lives Matter.  There is Bernie Sanders and there is Donald Trump.  There is David Cameron and now there is Jeremy Corbyn.  Academia is not the Ivory Tower but a place of contestation.  Worldviews and outlooks have consequences, economic, cultural, and social.  Worldviews are instruments for the preservation of the social order or the building of a more humane society through revolutionary struggles. 

            College endowment is a benchmark in terms of institutional ranking and reflects the gross inequality in the wider society.  How do you compare Harvard’s endowment of thirty-eight billion dollars with a struggling public university system or Williams College with Morehouse College?

            Because Africana peoples have a long history of struggle, maybe we have a special mission to engage in social transformation and as Africana philosophers, part of our social reality is embodied in this history of struggle even more so for those who claim to be organic intellectuals.  What is more, those who claim to be organic intellectuals recognise that they are part of a social organism institutionally and the society as a whole.

There are numerous organisations in New York, in the United States in the world at large that are working for a better world. Indeed a different world. There is the need for greater co-ordination among these groups beyond the world social forums, sharing ideas, building solidarity, planning events. Many of these groups are on university campuses and many young people in these groups are seeking direction. Working with these groups is a way of helping to sustain the struggle. People are putting their lives at risk every day because they see that ‘the world can’t wait’.                               

 We who are here need no reminder and as we approach this new semester, new school year, it is reassuring to experience a sense of solidarity.  

             I hope that SAAP will be an institution that continuously reflects on the social order with the intention of providing us with analytical and practical tools to help facilitate the struggle.         

The Above Piece by Dr J. Everet Green, was delivered as Lecture at The Society for the Study of Africana Philosophy:SSAP Meeting on Sunday: September 20, 2015 New York City:::ω.

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Universal Credit: The Government Must Not Proceed with Moving Existing Benefit Claimants Onto Universal Credit Until a New Flexible Discretionary Approach to Debt Management Drawing on Best Practice in the Retail Sector Is in Place and Working: Works and Pensions Committee




|| October 29: 2018 || ά. The Work and Pensions Committee says that the Government ‘must not proceed’ with moving existing benefit claimants onto Universal Credit until ‘a new, flexible, discretionary approach to debt management, drawing on best practice in the retail sector’ is in place and working. The Department is currently planning to start moving claimants over from mid-2019. In the Summary of the Report the Committee says that: Universal Credit aims to deliver much more than technical and administrative change to the way benefits are processed and paid. The Department for Work and Pensions:DWP:the Department has ambitious aspirations for it to transform the way claimants interact with the welfare state, encouraging and supporting them towards greater independence and personal responsibility.

Achieving this will require cultural change amongst claimants, DWP staff and delivery partners alike. Universal Support should drive this change. It is an offer of support with using a computer to make a claim and support with personal budgeting. DWP envisaged that Universal Support would include both short-term help for claimants to adjust to the immediate challenges of Universal Credit, as well as, longer-term help for vulnerable claimants, who would otherwise struggle to adapt. Universal Support does not just have the potential to make the lives of claimants much easier. Done well, it could, also, play a vital part in ensuring that Universal Credit delivers its wider objectives, including, improved employment rates and savings to the public purse.

The importance of getting Universal Support right will increase as the Department begins managed migration of 03.95 million legacy benefit claimants, including, many of the most vulnerable people, to Universal Credit from 2019. But in its current form Universal Support is far from ‘universal’ and, all too often, offers very little in the way of support. The gap between the Department’s vision for Universal Support in 2013 and the meagre offer it now funds, is vast.

Claimants are entitled to a single, two-hour session of personal budgeting and digital skill support within the first three months of their claim. Given the scale of challenges, that many claimants face, this is woefully inadequate. The Department should immediately lift the three-month restriction and commit to providing ongoing support to people, who need help with maintaining their claim. It should, also, engage quickly and positively with its new delivery partner, Citizens Advice, to agree arrangements for funding multiple Universal Support sessions, where there is evidence of claimant need.

The five week wait built into Universal Credit risks causing debt problems or making people’s existing debt problems worse. Advance Payments, intended to tide claimants over during the five-week wait for their first Universal Credit payment, are themselves a debt. Many claimants will, also, have existing Government and third-party debts. Yet, the Department does not, yet, offer debt advice as part of Universal Support. Persistent debt can prevent claimants from finding and staying in work, meaning debt is a barrier to Universal Credit changing the relationship between benefits and work. Advice on managing debt effectively should be a core element of Universal Support, offered to all claimants.

Empowering claimants to manage debts is only one side of the challenge, however. The Department’s approach to collecting debt can leave claimants swimming against a tide of unmanageable repayments. Organisations, that support claimants told us that, all too often, repayments pile debt upon debt, trapping people in a downward spiral of debt and hardship. This can, then, extend the time, that it takes for debts to be repaid.

In the interests of transparency and understanding how its policies affect claimants, the Government should gather and publish data on Universal Credit debt deductions. It should use this to review its maximum deduction caps and ensure they are set at levels, that would be sustainable for most claimants, taking advice from debt experts on the right levels.

The Department should introduce a new, flexible, discretionary approach to debt management, drawing on best practice in the retail sector. Crucially, the Department must not proceed with transferring existing claimants onto Universal Credit on a large scale until this approach is in place and functioning effectively. Before proceeding with managed migration it, must, also, assess the contribution, that the five week wait makes to claimant debt and provide this assessment to the Committee.

Getting the content of Universal Support right is vital. So, too, is improving the way that claimants access the service. Both take up and referrals are much lower than expected. Providers received just a third of expected referrals in 2017:18 and, only, a third of those actually took up support.

Jobcentre Plus Work Coaches are responsible for referrals. They should be supported to see Universal Support as a core part of Universal Credit. The Department should introduce a ‘Support conversation’ between Work Coaches and claimants at the outset of each claim and require Work Coaches to revisit this periodically in case a need emerges later. The Department should, also, implement nationally a ‘no wrong door’ policy, allowing claimants to be referred directly to providers from whatever support organisation they present to, without having to go via Jobcentre Plus.

The Department’s announcement that the contract for Universal Support will pass to Citizens Advice and Citizens Advice Scotland in 2018:19 and 2019:20 will help take pressure off already-stretched local authorities. The Department must ensure that this change is not merely cosmetic. Improving the support offer itself and not simply changing the delivery partner, is crucial to ensuring people receive the help they need.


The Department, also, claims the new contract will ensure that people across the country are able to access Universal Support consistently. The contract finishes in April 2020 and the Department plans to review the support offer towards the end of March 2020. But leaving decisions on the size and shape of the service too late risks creating a gap in support for claimants, at the very time that managed migration is accelerating and the need for support increased. Committing to funding Universal Support throughout the managed migration period would give both providers and claimants some much-needed stability and consistency.

The existing Universal Credit caseload is heavily weighted towards relatively straightforward cases. The start of managed migration will see an influx of more claimants with more complex needs moving onto Universal Credit. They, may, have been claiming legacy benefits for many years and have little in the way of a financial backstop. Many will require extensive help to prepare for and adjust to the new system. The Department, must, verify that Universal Support is delivering what people need, when they need it, before it proceeds with managed migration.

In agreement with Citizens Advice and other support organisations, it should set clear key performance indicators for Universal Support and publish regular updates on whether these are being met. They should go beyond take-up, focusing on the effects on claimant outcomes, such as, debt or digital skills. The Department should not proceed with transferring claimants from legacy benefits to Universal Credit unless these targets are being met.

DWP designed Universal Credit. So, it has a duty to ensure that it works for claimants and the local services, which support them. Universal Support should be and, could still be, the means of ensuring this is achieved and realising the wider benefits of Universal Credit. As the challenges of managed migration loom, the Department faces a critical decision. Failure to overhaul Universal Support substantially now will place not only the wellbeing of claimants but the success of the entire Universal Credit project, at risk.

The five-week wait built into Universal Credit risks causing or compounding debt problems and the Advance Payments introduced to tide claimants over are themselves a further debt. Persistent debt can prevent claimants from finding and staying in work, and the extra costs and pressures of debt can quickly spiral out of control.  DWP's aggressive approach to collecting debts owed by claimants to Government and third parties can compound matters further, leaving claimants ‘swimming against a tide of unmanageable repayments’, which ‘pile debt upon debt, trapping people in a downward spiral of debt and hardship’.  DWP ‘must not proceed with managed migration until it has assessed the contribution that the five week wait makes to claimant debt’ and reformed its own debt collection practices.

The efficiency savings claimed for Universal Credit, which the NAO has already put in doubt, depend on claimants using its various digital systems successfully throughout their claim. Some will find this easy but others will require substantial, ongoing support. Others will need ongoing help with budgeting under the new system. The Committee says that the Department must urgently lift restrictions on the timing of support and be prepared to work with Universal Support providers to fund more extensive help for claimants who need it.

The Committee says that Government ‘must verify that Universal Support is delivering what people need, when they need it, before it proceeds with managed migration’. It should set clear key performance indicators in conjunction with its new Universal Support delivery partner Citizens' Advice and other support organisations, and publish regular updates on whether they're being met. The targets should go beyond take-up of Universal Support and focus instead on claimant outcomes like debt management and digital skills.

The Committee says that Government now faces a critical decision: overhaul Universal Support or put the whole Universal Credit project, as well as, claimants' well-being, at risk. DWP should not proceed with transferring claimants from legacy benefits to Universal Credit unless and until the new targets are being met.

Rt Hon Frank Field MP, Chair of the Committee, said, "Universal Support is not 'universal' and it hasn’t been offering much in the way of support. The plan now is to offer budgeting advice but not debt advice, to people, who don’t have a budget left after their debt payments.

DWP must not push one more claimant onto Universal Credit until it can show that it will not push them over the edge. To ensure a truly universal system of support is delivered, the DWP should only move claimants onto Universal Credit, when Citizens Advice and other delivery partners have the capacity to offer tailored support to every person making a claim for the benefit."

Read the Report:::ω.

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New Report Finds Time Spent by Children Online Linked to Requests for Junk Food


|| October 18: 2018: University of Liverpool News || ά. Young children, who spent more than half an hour a day online were, almost, twice as likely to pester their parents for junk food, according to a new Report published on Wednesday, October 17. The study, which examines the associations between diet and advertising of junk food on TV and the internet, questioned children and their parents in the North West and across the UK.

Teams from the University of Liverpool and Cancer Research UK’s Cancer Policy Research Centre asked almost 2,500 seven to 11-year-olds and their parents around the UK about their eating habits and how much screen time they had, outside of doing homework. The results show that primary school children, who spent more than three hours on the web, were more than four times more likely to spend their pocket money on chocolate, crisps, sugary drinks and takeaways than their peers, who browsed for less than half an hour.

These children were, also, 79% more likely to be overweight or obese while those, who were online between 30 minutes and three hours a day were 53% more likely to be carrying excess weight than those, who were online for less. In the North West, 36% of primary school children, aged 10-11 years old, are overweight or obese. Children, who are obese, are five times more likely to remain obese into adulthood.

In the North West, 62% adults are overweight or obese. Being overweight or obese as an adult increases the risk of 13 different types of cancer. Obesity is the biggest preventable cause of cancer in the UK after smoking. Cancer Research UK is calling for Government action on junk food advertising to children, on TV, live and on-demand and the internet, as well as, price promotions on ‘unhealthy foods’ in supermarkets.

Dr Emma Boyland, a Lead Researcher from the University of Liverpool, said, “Young children, who spend more time on the Internet and watching commercial TV are more likely to pester for, buy and eat unhealthy food and drinks.

Parents are all too familiar with being nagged for sweets and fizzy drinks in the supermarket or corner shop. Our research shows that this behaviour can be linked to the amount of time children spend in front of a screen and as a result, the increased number of enticing adverts they see for these sorts of products.”

The Study found that, on average, children were online for 16 hours a week not including, time spent for homework and watched 22 hours of television per week. The amount of exercise done by the children had no impact on the results, showing that for this research, excess weight wasn’t linked with being sedentary.

Each additional hour of commercial TV, that children watched, was linked with an increased likelihood of pestering their parents to buy products they’d seen advertised. They were four times more likely to buy chocolate and over three times more likely to buy sugary drinks, if, they watched more than three hours of commercial TV everyday compared to youngsters, who didn’t watch as much and 59% more likely to be obese or overweight.

Dr Jyotsna Vohra, from Cancer Research UK, the Head of Cancer Policy Research, said, “Obesity is the biggest preventable cause of cancer in the UK after smoking, so, it’s vital we see a nine pm watershed on junk food adverts on TV and similar protection for children viewing adverts on-demand and online.

The evidence suggests that time spent online, where advertising can be prolific and watching commercial TV increases the likelihood that children will pester for, buy and eat more unhealthy foods. If, they didn’t, then, the food industry wouldn’t spend so much on advertising.”

In the North West, Cancer Research UK is running an awareness campaign to highlight the link between obesity and cancer. As well as, radio advertising, huge posters have been on display at prominent sites across the region, including, bus stops and billboards.

The campaign highlights the gaps in people’s knowledge where, like a word game, missing letters in the word ‘obesity’ challenge the public to guess what is the biggest preventable cause of cancer after smoking.

Read the Report:::ω.

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Trust in Non-Conventional Therapies by Cancer Patients Is Not Matched with Proper Awareness About Their Risks
















|| October 10: 2018 || ά. Sarcoma patients show great openness to the use of complementary alternative medicines:CAMs for supportive care but they are poorly informed about safety issues and risk of interactions with anti-cancer drugs, a study to be presented at ESMO 2018 reported. By administering a structured survey over a four-month period, January 01-April 30, 2018, a team of researchers from the University Hospital Mannheim, Germany, investigated types and modes of use of non-conventional therapies among 152 outpatients with Sarcoma, Gastro-intestinal Stromal Tumour:GIST and Desmoid Tumours receiving care at a sarcoma centre.

Researchers considered CAMs as a broad range of practices, including, supplementation of vitamins or minerals, Chinese or healing herbs, Homeopathy, Acupuncture, Meditation, Yoga, Tai Chi or changes in dietary habits, like switching to a ketogenic or vegan diet. The main results showed that 51% of participants had used alternative methods in their lifetime and 15% of them only during the disease, in parallel with cancer treatments. Also, cancer diagnosis showed to have sparked patients’ interest in CAMs in 44% of participants. Patients were shown to be selective in their choices, as study Supervisor Professor Peter Hohenberger said, “What we found is that vitamins and minerals are very popular but patients take them specifically rather than using multi-vitamin supplements.

Vitamin D is in the leading position, followed by selenium plus zinc, vitamin C and interest in vitamin B17 is emerging.” Despite the reported popularity of non-conventional therapies among patients, clear information on their side effects and potential interactions with other drugs is still lacking. In the survey, 60% of patients recognised that information they had on safety issues of CAMs was insufficient, although, they showed low concern for any potential risks. Professor Hohenberger said, “When we looked at the sources of information on non-conventional practices, oncologists represented only 07%. In our study, patients mentioned repetitively that they were positively surprised about our interest in their use of CAMs.”

“Patients mostly accessed information on complementary and alternative medicines on the internet and other media, 43%, friends, 15% and healing professionals, 14%. In sharp contrast with this, when it came to finding information on side effects of cancer therapies or how to handle them, almost, half of patients asked their oncologist.”

Commenting on these results for ESMO, Dr Markus Joerger of Cantonal Hospital in St. Gallen, Switzerland, said that the low risk perception associated with CAMs among patients is a big issue. “Patients tend to believe that supplements or herbs are generally safe but they are not without risk. In daily practice, if, you don’t know what your patient is taking as alternative medicine, the risk of drug-drug interactions can significantly increase and have an impact on clinical outcomes.” He, also, added that oncologists should try to preserve their role as primary source of information for cancer patients, “Although, we must not demonise the internet or other sources of information, getting information outside the clinical setting can, often, be misleading. Patients have to realise that they can discuss any health-related choices with their oncologist and be advised on different options, when they wish to reduce stress related to cancer treatment or more in general to feel better.’’ he said.

Drug-drug interactions:DDI is a relevant but, often, neglected topic in Medical Oncology and because sarcomas are so rare, only, 01% of all cancer cases, to improve medical knowledge and clinical research in this setting is still a challenge. At ESMO 2018, a retrospective review involving 202 sarcoma patients undergoing chemotherapy or tyrosine kinase inhibitors reported that 18% major drug-drug interactions occurred in the study period, from 2014 to 2018 and that medical reconciliation, making an inventory of all the medicines prescribed to and taken by patients is advised before cancer treatment initiation to prevent adverse effects or ineffective treatments.

The Lead Author of the Study Dr Audrey Bellesoeur of University Paris Descartes, France, said, “We know from previous research that one in three ambulatory cancer patients are susceptible to potential drug-drug interactions. A better understanding of these mechanisms is necessary today for a real personalised medicine.” In the study, DDI were more frequently observed with tyrosine kinase inhibitors while gemcitabine was associated with a significantly lower risk.

“In our review, 29% of drug-drug interactions requiring pharmacist interventions were associated with complementary alternative medicines. Risks of interactions with non-conventional drugs are the same as for other co-medications: mainly, increased toxicity and loss of efficacy of anti-cancer treatments. However, we, often, have less information on the composition of these products and their risk of toxicity or interaction, when used in combination with other agents.”

According to Dr Joerger, characterising the risk of DDI will be increasingly relevant in the future. “Since more options of care are available, patients are receiving more and more co-medications but they are still not routinely checked for drug-drug interactions. Medical review by a clinical pharmacist can certainly be an effective strategy to avoid or limit them as the study showed.”

“However, cancer centres, must, also, invest in integrative medicine, that combines medical anti-cancer treatments with non-conventional therapies. The average oncologist has poor knowledge of these alternative methods; this is, mostly, due to a lack of studies and databases in the field. More efforts are needed to understand how to deliver mixed treatments safely and to build up experience to better advise our patients.”

A first step toward building knowledge in the field is to reach a consensus on what integrative oncology should mean. For this reason, ESMO encourages oncologists and other healthcare professionals to use the more precise definition of complementary and integrative medicine:CIM, when referring to all complementary treatments being used side by side with conventional therapies in controlled settings rather than the acronym CAMs, which traditionally includes, also, treatments used instead of scientifically based medicine.

Based on evidence collected so far in the breast cancer setting, ESMO has recognised the benefits of physical exercise, mindfulness-based stress reduction:MBSR programmes, hypnosis, yoga and acupuncture in supportive care while the use of antioxidants supplements, herbs, minerals, oxygen and ozone therapy, proteolytic enzymes, phytoestrogens, high-dose vitamins is not recommended as it has been associated to no beneficial effects or negative outcomes.

The Paper 01: Abstract 1655P_PR ‘The use of complementary and alternative medicine:CAM in sarcoma patients’ will be presented by Kiagenda Sunku-Winkler uring the Poster Display Session on Monday, October 22, 2018, 12:45 to 13:45, CEST, in the Poster Area Networking Hub, Hall A3. Annals of Oncology, Volume 29 Supplement October 08, 2018

The Paper 02: Abstract 1632P_PR ‘Characterizing the risk of drug-drug interactions in sarcoma treated patients: role of pharmacist integration’ will be presented by Audrey Bellesoeur during the Poster Display Session on Monday, October 22, 2018, 12:45 to 13:45, CEST, in the Poster Area Networking Hub, Hall A3. Annals of Oncology, Volume 29 Supplement, October 08, 2018

About the European Society for Medical Oncology:ESMO: ESMO is the leading professional organisation for medical oncology. With 18,000 members representing oncology professionals from over 150 countries worldwide, ESMO is the society of reference for oncology education and information. ESMO is committed to offer the best care to people with cancer, through fostering integrated cancer care, supporting oncologists in their professional development, and advocating for sustainable cancer care worldwide.:::ω.

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Barnardo’s Reports Dramatic Rise in the Total Number of Children and Young People and Parents and Carers It Supports





|| September 25: 2018 || ά. Barnardo’s is supporting more children, young people, their parents and carers than ever before, delivering positive outcomes for some of the most vulnerable in society. The charity’s latest report shows that it has raised more than £304 million, the largest in its history, whilst embracing innovation, new technology and partnership working to address surging demand.

Delivering over 1,000 services in local communities across the UK, Barnardo’s provided crucial support to over 301,000 children in 2017:18, an increase of almost 11% on the previous year. This included 143,500 through Children’s Centres and Family Hubs,       23,500 through school-based programmes and 34,100 through other work. Barnardo’s successful performance is set against a backdrop of rapidly rising demand for children's social services, with the number of children and young people subject to child protection enquiries increasing 151 per cent in the decade to 2017 and the number of looked after children reaching a new high of 72,670 in 2016:17.

This equals 90 children coming into care every day of the year. Mr Javed Khan, the Chief Executive of Barnardo’s, said, “Vulnerable children and young people are facing great challenges in their daily lives and the increased demand on Barnardo’s services is greater than we could have expected. We have responded with confidence and had great support from the British public, working in partnerships with local councils and central government to reach more children and young people and provide them with the support they have desperately needed.

I’m incredibly proud of our staff and volunteers, whose passion and expertise bring hope to the children and families, that need it most, in the most challenging of circumstances.”

As part of a ten-year corporate strategy, 2016-2025, Barnardo’s is using innovative local approaches to improve the lives of a generation of children, that face an unprecedented complexity of challenges, many as a result of the influence of the internet on young lives.

Read the Report:::ω.  

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