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The Arkive
 
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I Regine Humanics Annual Lecture 2019: Whither to Homo Sapiens: Delivered by Dr J Everet Green: April 06 in London

 

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First Published: September 24: 2015
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Society

This is Not the Whole of This Magnificent River: Suppose, This is Life: This is Not the Whole of Life Either. Sociology Seeks to Show Us the Way to the Whole: The Whole of Life and the Whole of Society in Which This Life Exists and Creates Complexities That Regulate the Apparent Simplicities of Every Expression of That What is Human Life

Society Arkive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

University of Auckland New Zealand

The Efficacy and Sustainability of Revolutionary Struggles

 

 

|| November 14: 2018: Dr J Everet Green Writing || ά. By revolutionary struggles I mean that dismantling the current capitalist superstructure is essential for the building of a more humane society.  Part of this struggle is the recognition that the mental superstructure and the intellectual foundations are dependent on the social base of society.   

            As we begin the new semester of academic work, what motivates us to choose one academic theme over another and how do we deal with conflicting motives and divided loyalties in terms of our own intellectual development, varied interests of students, responsibility to the academic institutions, relationship to colleagues, institutional mission, and ourselves as agents of change within the wider community? 

            The university is a market.  Goods are being sold along with professionals selling themselves.  In this market place are competing ideas and even competing claims that some goods are more valuable than others.  As philosophers, what are we selling and at what price do we maintain marketability in institutions that have become more and more corporatised?   

In this corporate structure there are planning and development, short and long term financial forecast, projections about goods, that is, students and services, faculty and administrators, public relations, etc.  In this milieu, is the professional philosopher staking out a claim about truth and reality with political:class implications which may or may not be subjective and spontaneous depending on one’s personal history and motivations?  

Are philosophers priests?  The role of priests is social control and the maintenance of the social order.  A class instinct is always present—latent or potent.    Or are philosophers agents of change that challenge received traditions?  Either way, philosophy is essentially political.  This positioning of the philosophical theory is essentially part of a class struggle between different world views.  Philosophical activities take place within the market where goods are being bought and sold.  Courses are being bought and sold in the name of economic efficiency; minimum requirements are stipulated for courses to be run and at many institutions a slew of migrant workers:adjuncts: are required to increase productivity and profitability.   In this sphere of economic efficiency, is there any possibility for the transforming power of ideas to be concretised in the academic community and the wider society at large?  

In a few institutions, there are on-going discussions about where  investments are executed or done in a way whereby social responsibility is given some consideration and some of us might even wonder from time to time whether our pay checks are dripping with the blood of exploited miners in the Americas or South Africa or from the ravages of countries and communities created by hedge fund managers while our ideas are floating majestically in the clouds of theories, concepts, and postulations.   This relationship between the funding of academic institutions and the plunder of nations is not new, only that exploitation and expropriation have become so widespread and acceptable that these activities fit in quite well with the banality of many aspects of academic life.  The level of economic exploitation is reaching a tipping point in terms of part time workers, students being unable to meet the rising cost of tuitions and fees while at the same time many students are unable to meet basic needs for their survival.  Under these conditions, the necessity of survival becomes paramount to the extent that the need to engage in political transformation or even the will is lacking.

The need to toe the party line is sometimes a matter of survival.   Many are informed to conform to institutional expectations as an avenue to receive tenure.  One junior professor at a very prestigious institution was told by his chair that he should not host a Philosophy Born of Struggle Conference because he could not guarantee what invited speakers might say.  This might jeopardise the possibility of receiving tenure.  In the current climate where people can be censored for speaking out some are questioning the viability and the very nature of philosophical reflection.  So, in this market place of contestation even the right to speak candidly is itself being contested.  It is not that the academic environment is politicised.  It is that the politics is becoming more overt. However, the scientific outlook is opening up a way in which the materialist worldview is becoming an alternative to the sway of idealism. 

Consequently, the subject matter presented should reflect the daily struggle of the academic community particularly students.  What message do we have for so many students who are mortgaging their future, sometimes with insurmountable debt in an effort to be commoditised?  Many of us are making our subject matter relevant to perceived needs of students.  That is merely window dressing to the fundamental problem of exploitation and expropriation of students.  It was really shocking recently when I read that profit from Sallie Mae was boosting college endowments while students were becoming severely indebted because of rising costs of tuition and other expenses.  The students were victimised twice by the expenses the institutions were extracting from them.  They have to borrow money for student loans at increasing interest rates which is then paid to colleges.   This money is paid to college endowments.  Colleges invest in Sallie Mae.

Merely tinkering at the edge in terms of social reform or postulating theories of justice and debating what is a just society can be considered an exercise in futility.  There is the urgent necessity for a grand refusal.  There is the necessity to be engaged in massive civil disobedience.  There is the need for radical social transformation.

How do our theories affect the day-to-day lives of students and by extension the community at large?  Competing theories are ways in which we present ourselves to the world with intended and unintended consequences.  Idealism versus materialism are constructions with political consequences.  The relentless pursuit of economic efficiency which results in the corporatisation of every aspect of academic life, the monstrosity of students’ deb, over one trillion, which is increasing poverty at an alarming rate causing disruptions in family life yearns for a radical restructuring of the social order beginning with academia.

Emphatically yes revolutionary struggles are of great urgency but how are they to be sustained? 

            Should black philosophers because of the history of oppression of Africana people be the vanguard in developing a critique of academic life worthy for the maintenance of revolutionary struggle?  Some may say like any other group we should allow a thousand flowers to bloom from the most reactionary to those who cultivate a revolutionary consciousness.  It is natural that our philosophical outlook is instructed by experience. 

So, what is my experience?  Growing up in the village at seven, eight, nine years old eighty-five to ninety per cent of the arable land was owned by one person. What resulted was a lot of waste while the majority of the villagers huddled together on rocky soil lived in abject poverty as they struggled to eke out an existence as a result of limited ownership of land and other resources.  While numerous families suffered from malnutrition, many cows belonging to Custos Cox died in giving birth because there were not enough hands to tend the plantation.  It was not unusual to see cows dead on Custos Cox’s plantation.   Hundreds of mango, orange, apple trees would be laden with fruits that were not harvested. The fruits would fall to the ground and rot while many people in the village were in a state of starvation.  If you decided to stave off your hunger by helping yourself to the fruits rotting on the ground, you could be subjected to spending nine to fourteen days in jail.  Some of us as youngsters decided to help ourselves to the fruits.  We felt no pangs that we were stealing. We could see no justification for this kind of waste while people were suffering.

            In 1968, when I was introduced to the Communist Manifesto and the Kantian categorical imperative, I already knew that I was part of the proletariat.  Now I was given a kind of theoretical framework, a language to express my lived experience.  The Kantian postulation of treating humanity in oneself and that of another as an end sounded particularly strange.  I wanted Custos Cox, the British owner of the plantation, dead so that many villagers would no longer be in a state of starvation.  That experience along with the work of Caribbean activists and scholars such as Garvey, Fanon, and Walter Rodney continues to inform my life and work until this day.   

In most departments of philosophy, there is the token Black, and if people are very lucky, there may be two or three.

            Why philosophy?  Because it deals with an outlook.  By theorising it is creating a worldview that is not value neutral.  That view itself is political and in this milieu of contestation, one is putting a mark on the world, a mark on reality, a way of constructing human society.  For the most part since people of African descent, have a peculiar history world wide and in the United States which of necessity informs our theorising, to a large extent, one might even say that we have a unique way because of this history of conceiving and realising the world.  In a collective way, what does this group bring to the life of struggle?

            The crisis in academia in the immediate future will only intensify under the corporate model as faculty and administrators sell their services and students become more discriminatory in the type of goods worth purchasing.  Competition amongst institutions will intensify.   The scramble for scarce resources amongst departments and individuals sometimes to justify one’s worth and contribution in the corporate model will become more intense.  In this sense, the academic institution is just a reflection of the wider community within society, locally and internationally.   Other by products like ethnic, racial, class, gender cleavages will continue to be part of the landscape.  To save these institutions from these destructive tendencies, a certain consciousness:outlook must be cultivated within academic institutions that build solidarity with community organisations that are already in the forefront of revolutionary struggles and be instructed by these organisations.  The institutions must find ways to build horizontal relationships with community organisations both by providing leadership and be led.  We must always be sensitive to the fact that sometimes, events might take a long time to unfold.   There are other times when there are dramatic social movements and there is always the need for preparation as we seek to interpret the social pulse.

            There was Ferguson and now there is Black Lives Matter.  There is Bernie Sanders and there is Donald Trump.  There is David Cameron and now there is Jeremy Corbyn.  Academia is not the Ivory Tower but a place of contestation.  Worldviews and outlooks have consequences, economic, cultural, and social.  Worldviews are instruments for the preservation of the social order or the building of a more humane society through revolutionary struggles. 

            College endowment is a benchmark in terms of institutional ranking and reflects the gross inequality in the wider society.  How do you compare Harvard’s endowment of thirty-eight billion dollars with a struggling public university system or Williams College with Morehouse College?

            Because Africana peoples have a long history of struggle, maybe we have a special mission to engage in social transformation and as Africana philosophers, part of our social reality is embodied in this history of struggle even more so for those who claim to be organic intellectuals.  What is more, those who claim to be organic intellectuals recognise that they are part of a social organism institutionally and the society as a whole.

There are numerous organisations in New York, in the United States in the world at large that are working for a better world. Indeed a different world. There is the need for greater co-ordination among these groups beyond the world social forums, sharing ideas, building solidarity, planning events. Many of these groups are on university campuses and many young people in these groups are seeking direction. Working with these groups is a way of helping to sustain the struggle. People are putting their lives at risk every day because they see that ‘the world can’t wait’.                               

 We who are here need no reminder and as we approach this new semester, new school year, it is reassuring to experience a sense of solidarity.  

             I hope that SAAP will be an institution that continuously reflects on the social order with the intention of providing us with analytical and practical tools to help facilitate the struggle.         

The Above Piece by Dr J. Everet Green, was delivered as Lecture at The Society for the Study of Africana Philosophy:SSAP Meeting on Sunday: September 20, 2015 New York City:::ω.

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Universal Credit: The Government Must Not Proceed with Moving Existing Benefit Claimants Onto Universal Credit Until a New Flexible Discretionary Approach to Debt Management Drawing on Best Practice in the Retail Sector Is in Place and Working: Works and Pensions Committee

 

 

 

|| October 29: 2018 || ά. The Work and Pensions Committee says that the Government ‘must not proceed’ with moving existing benefit claimants onto Universal Credit until ‘a new, flexible, discretionary approach to debt management, drawing on best practice in the retail sector’ is in place and working. The Department is currently planning to start moving claimants over from mid-2019. In the Summary of the Report the Committee says that: Universal Credit aims to deliver much more than technical and administrative change to the way benefits are processed and paid. The Department for Work and Pensions:DWP:the Department has ambitious aspirations for it to transform the way claimants interact with the welfare state, encouraging and supporting them towards greater independence and personal responsibility.

Achieving this will require cultural change amongst claimants, DWP staff and delivery partners alike. Universal Support should drive this change. It is an offer of support with using a computer to make a claim and support with personal budgeting. DWP envisaged that Universal Support would include both short-term help for claimants to adjust to the immediate challenges of Universal Credit, as well as, longer-term help for vulnerable claimants, who would otherwise struggle to adapt. Universal Support does not just have the potential to make the lives of claimants much easier. Done well, it could, also, play a vital part in ensuring that Universal Credit delivers its wider objectives, including, improved employment rates and savings to the public purse.

The importance of getting Universal Support right will increase as the Department begins managed migration of 03.95 million legacy benefit claimants, including, many of the most vulnerable people, to Universal Credit from 2019. But in its current form Universal Support is far from ‘universal’ and, all too often, offers very little in the way of support. The gap between the Department’s vision for Universal Support in 2013 and the meagre offer it now funds, is vast.

Claimants are entitled to a single, two-hour session of personal budgeting and digital skill support within the first three months of their claim. Given the scale of challenges, that many claimants face, this is woefully inadequate. The Department should immediately lift the three-month restriction and commit to providing ongoing support to people, who need help with maintaining their claim. It should, also, engage quickly and positively with its new delivery partner, Citizens Advice, to agree arrangements for funding multiple Universal Support sessions, where there is evidence of claimant need.

The five week wait built into Universal Credit risks causing debt problems or making people’s existing debt problems worse. Advance Payments, intended to tide claimants over during the five-week wait for their first Universal Credit payment, are themselves a debt. Many claimants will, also, have existing Government and third-party debts. Yet, the Department does not, yet, offer debt advice as part of Universal Support. Persistent debt can prevent claimants from finding and staying in work, meaning debt is a barrier to Universal Credit changing the relationship between benefits and work. Advice on managing debt effectively should be a core element of Universal Support, offered to all claimants.

Empowering claimants to manage debts is only one side of the challenge, however. The Department’s approach to collecting debt can leave claimants swimming against a tide of unmanageable repayments. Organisations, that support claimants told us that, all too often, repayments pile debt upon debt, trapping people in a downward spiral of debt and hardship. This can, then, extend the time, that it takes for debts to be repaid.

In the interests of transparency and understanding how its policies affect claimants, the Government should gather and publish data on Universal Credit debt deductions. It should use this to review its maximum deduction caps and ensure they are set at levels, that would be sustainable for most claimants, taking advice from debt experts on the right levels.

The Department should introduce a new, flexible, discretionary approach to debt management, drawing on best practice in the retail sector. Crucially, the Department must not proceed with transferring existing claimants onto Universal Credit on a large scale until this approach is in place and functioning effectively. Before proceeding with managed migration it, must, also, assess the contribution, that the five week wait makes to claimant debt and provide this assessment to the Committee.

Getting the content of Universal Support right is vital. So, too, is improving the way that claimants access the service. Both take up and referrals are much lower than expected. Providers received just a third of expected referrals in 2017:18 and, only, a third of those actually took up support.

Jobcentre Plus Work Coaches are responsible for referrals. They should be supported to see Universal Support as a core part of Universal Credit. The Department should introduce a ‘Support conversation’ between Work Coaches and claimants at the outset of each claim and require Work Coaches to revisit this periodically in case a need emerges later. The Department should, also, implement nationally a ‘no wrong door’ policy, allowing claimants to be referred directly to providers from whatever support organisation they present to, without having to go via Jobcentre Plus.

The Department’s announcement that the contract for Universal Support will pass to Citizens Advice and Citizens Advice Scotland in 2018:19 and 2019:20 will help take pressure off already-stretched local authorities. The Department must ensure that this change is not merely cosmetic. Improving the support offer itself and not simply changing the delivery partner, is crucial to ensuring people receive the help they need.

 

The Department, also, claims the new contract will ensure that people across the country are able to access Universal Support consistently. The contract finishes in April 2020 and the Department plans to review the support offer towards the end of March 2020. But leaving decisions on the size and shape of the service too late risks creating a gap in support for claimants, at the very time that managed migration is accelerating and the need for support increased. Committing to funding Universal Support throughout the managed migration period would give both providers and claimants some much-needed stability and consistency.

The existing Universal Credit caseload is heavily weighted towards relatively straightforward cases. The start of managed migration will see an influx of more claimants with more complex needs moving onto Universal Credit. They, may, have been claiming legacy benefits for many years and have little in the way of a financial backstop. Many will require extensive help to prepare for and adjust to the new system. The Department, must, verify that Universal Support is delivering what people need, when they need it, before it proceeds with managed migration.

In agreement with Citizens Advice and other support organisations, it should set clear key performance indicators for Universal Support and publish regular updates on whether these are being met. They should go beyond take-up, focusing on the effects on claimant outcomes, such as, debt or digital skills. The Department should not proceed with transferring claimants from legacy benefits to Universal Credit unless these targets are being met.

DWP designed Universal Credit. So, it has a duty to ensure that it works for claimants and the local services, which support them. Universal Support should be and, could still be, the means of ensuring this is achieved and realising the wider benefits of Universal Credit. As the challenges of managed migration loom, the Department faces a critical decision. Failure to overhaul Universal Support substantially now will place not only the wellbeing of claimants but the success of the entire Universal Credit project, at risk.

The five-week wait built into Universal Credit risks causing or compounding debt problems and the Advance Payments introduced to tide claimants over are themselves a further debt. Persistent debt can prevent claimants from finding and staying in work, and the extra costs and pressures of debt can quickly spiral out of control.  DWP's aggressive approach to collecting debts owed by claimants to Government and third parties can compound matters further, leaving claimants ‘swimming against a tide of unmanageable repayments’, which ‘pile debt upon debt, trapping people in a downward spiral of debt and hardship’.  DWP ‘must not proceed with managed migration until it has assessed the contribution that the five week wait makes to claimant debt’ and reformed its own debt collection practices.

The efficiency savings claimed for Universal Credit, which the NAO has already put in doubt, depend on claimants using its various digital systems successfully throughout their claim. Some will find this easy but others will require substantial, ongoing support. Others will need ongoing help with budgeting under the new system. The Committee says that the Department must urgently lift restrictions on the timing of support and be prepared to work with Universal Support providers to fund more extensive help for claimants who need it.

The Committee says that Government ‘must verify that Universal Support is delivering what people need, when they need it, before it proceeds with managed migration’. It should set clear key performance indicators in conjunction with its new Universal Support delivery partner Citizens' Advice and other support organisations, and publish regular updates on whether they're being met. The targets should go beyond take-up of Universal Support and focus instead on claimant outcomes like debt management and digital skills.

The Committee says that Government now faces a critical decision: overhaul Universal Support or put the whole Universal Credit project, as well as, claimants' well-being, at risk. DWP should not proceed with transferring claimants from legacy benefits to Universal Credit unless and until the new targets are being met.

Rt Hon Frank Field MP, Chair of the Committee, said, "Universal Support is not 'universal' and it hasn’t been offering much in the way of support. The plan now is to offer budgeting advice but not debt advice, to people, who don’t have a budget left after their debt payments.

DWP must not push one more claimant onto Universal Credit until it can show that it will not push them over the edge. To ensure a truly universal system of support is delivered, the DWP should only move claimants onto Universal Credit, when Citizens Advice and other delivery partners have the capacity to offer tailored support to every person making a claim for the benefit."

Read the Report:::ω.

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New Report Finds Time Spent by Children Online Linked to Requests for Junk Food

 

|| October 18: 2018: University of Liverpool News || ά. Young children, who spent more than half an hour a day online were, almost, twice as likely to pester their parents for junk food, according to a new Report published on Wednesday, October 17. The study, which examines the associations between diet and advertising of junk food on TV and the internet, questioned children and their parents in the North West and across the UK.

Teams from the University of Liverpool and Cancer Research UK’s Cancer Policy Research Centre asked almost 2,500 seven to 11-year-olds and their parents around the UK about their eating habits and how much screen time they had, outside of doing homework. The results show that primary school children, who spent more than three hours on the web, were more than four times more likely to spend their pocket money on chocolate, crisps, sugary drinks and takeaways than their peers, who browsed for less than half an hour.

These children were, also, 79% more likely to be overweight or obese while those, who were online between 30 minutes and three hours a day were 53% more likely to be carrying excess weight than those, who were online for less. In the North West, 36% of primary school children, aged 10-11 years old, are overweight or obese. Children, who are obese, are five times more likely to remain obese into adulthood.

In the North West, 62% adults are overweight or obese. Being overweight or obese as an adult increases the risk of 13 different types of cancer. Obesity is the biggest preventable cause of cancer in the UK after smoking. Cancer Research UK is calling for Government action on junk food advertising to children, on TV, live and on-demand and the internet, as well as, price promotions on ‘unhealthy foods’ in supermarkets.

Dr Emma Boyland, a Lead Researcher from the University of Liverpool, said, “Young children, who spend more time on the Internet and watching commercial TV are more likely to pester for, buy and eat unhealthy food and drinks.

Parents are all too familiar with being nagged for sweets and fizzy drinks in the supermarket or corner shop. Our research shows that this behaviour can be linked to the amount of time children spend in front of a screen and as a result, the increased number of enticing adverts they see for these sorts of products.”

The Study found that, on average, children were online for 16 hours a week not including, time spent for homework and watched 22 hours of television per week. The amount of exercise done by the children had no impact on the results, showing that for this research, excess weight wasn’t linked with being sedentary.

Each additional hour of commercial TV, that children watched, was linked with an increased likelihood of pestering their parents to buy products they’d seen advertised. They were four times more likely to buy chocolate and over three times more likely to buy sugary drinks, if, they watched more than three hours of commercial TV everyday compared to youngsters, who didn’t watch as much and 59% more likely to be obese or overweight.

Dr Jyotsna Vohra, from Cancer Research UKhttps://www.cancerresearchuk.org, the Head of Cancer Policy Research, said, “Obesity is the biggest preventable cause of cancer in the UK after smoking, so, it’s vital we see a nine pm watershed on junk food adverts on TV and similar protection for children viewing adverts on-demand and online.

The evidence suggests that time spent online, where advertising can be prolific and watching commercial TV increases the likelihood that children will pester for, buy and eat more unhealthy foods. If, they didn’t, then, the food industry wouldn’t spend so much on advertising.”

In the North West, Cancer Research UK is running an awareness campaign to highlight the link between obesity and cancer. As well as, radio advertising, huge posters have been on display at prominent sites across the region, including, bus stops and billboards.

The campaign highlights the gaps in people’s knowledge where, like a word game, missing letters in the word ‘obesity’ challenge the public to guess what is the biggest preventable cause of cancer after smoking.

Read the Report:::ω.

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Trust in Non-Conventional Therapies by Cancer Patients Is Not Matched with Proper Awareness About Their Risks
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

|| October 10: 2018 || ά. Sarcoma patients show great openness to the use of complementary alternative medicines:CAMs for supportive care but they are poorly informed about safety issues and risk of interactions with anti-cancer drugs, a study to be presented at ESMO 2018 reported. By administering a structured survey over a four-month period, January 01-April 30, 2018, a team of researchers from the University Hospital Mannheim, Germany, investigated types and modes of use of non-conventional therapies among 152 outpatients with Sarcoma, Gastro-intestinal Stromal Tumour:GIST and Desmoid Tumours receiving care at a sarcoma centre.

Researchers considered CAMs as a broad range of practices, including, supplementation of vitamins or minerals, Chinese or healing herbs, Homeopathy, Acupuncture, Meditation, Yoga, Tai Chi or changes in dietary habits, like switching to a ketogenic or vegan diet. The main results showed that 51% of participants had used alternative methods in their lifetime and 15% of them only during the disease, in parallel with cancer treatments. Also, cancer diagnosis showed to have sparked patients’ interest in CAMs in 44% of participants. Patients were shown to be selective in their choices, as study Supervisor Professor Peter Hohenberger said, “What we found is that vitamins and minerals are very popular but patients take them specifically rather than using multi-vitamin supplements.

Vitamin D is in the leading position, followed by selenium plus zinc, vitamin C and interest in vitamin B17 is emerging.” Despite the reported popularity of non-conventional therapies among patients, clear information on their side effects and potential interactions with other drugs is still lacking. In the survey, 60% of patients recognised that information they had on safety issues of CAMs was insufficient, although, they showed low concern for any potential risks. Professor Hohenberger said, “When we looked at the sources of information on non-conventional practices, oncologists represented only 07%. In our study, patients mentioned repetitively that they were positively surprised about our interest in their use of CAMs.”

“Patients mostly accessed information on complementary and alternative medicines on the internet and other media, 43%, friends, 15% and healing professionals, 14%. In sharp contrast with this, when it came to finding information on side effects of cancer therapies or how to handle them, almost, half of patients asked their oncologist.”

Commenting on these results for ESMO, Dr Markus Joerger of Cantonal Hospital in St. Gallen, Switzerland, said that the low risk perception associated with CAMs among patients is a big issue. “Patients tend to believe that supplements or herbs are generally safe but they are not without risk. In daily practice, if, you don’t know what your patient is taking as alternative medicine, the risk of drug-drug interactions can significantly increase and have an impact on clinical outcomes.” He, also, added that oncologists should try to preserve their role as primary source of information for cancer patients, “Although, we must not demonise the internet or other sources of information, getting information outside the clinical setting can, often, be misleading. Patients have to realise that they can discuss any health-related choices with their oncologist and be advised on different options, when they wish to reduce stress related to cancer treatment or more in general to feel better.’’ he said.

Drug-drug interactions:DDI is a relevant but, often, neglected topic in Medical Oncology and because sarcomas are so rare, only, 01% of all cancer cases, to improve medical knowledge and clinical research in this setting is still a challenge. At ESMO 2018, a retrospective review involving 202 sarcoma patients undergoing chemotherapy or tyrosine kinase inhibitors reported that 18% major drug-drug interactions occurred in the study period, from 2014 to 2018 and that medical reconciliation, making an inventory of all the medicines prescribed to and taken by patients is advised before cancer treatment initiation to prevent adverse effects or ineffective treatments.

The Lead Author of the Study Dr Audrey Bellesoeur of University Paris Descartes, France, said, “We know from previous research that one in three ambulatory cancer patients are susceptible to potential drug-drug interactions. A better understanding of these mechanisms is necessary today for a real personalised medicine.” In the study, DDI were more frequently observed with tyrosine kinase inhibitors while gemcitabine was associated with a significantly lower risk.

“In our review, 29% of drug-drug interactions requiring pharmacist interventions were associated with complementary alternative medicines. Risks of interactions with non-conventional drugs are the same as for other co-medications: mainly, increased toxicity and loss of efficacy of anti-cancer treatments. However, we, often, have less information on the composition of these products and their risk of toxicity or interaction, when used in combination with other agents.”

According to Dr Joerger, characterising the risk of DDI will be increasingly relevant in the future. “Since more options of care are available, patients are receiving more and more co-medications but they are still not routinely checked for drug-drug interactions. Medical review by a clinical pharmacist can certainly be an effective strategy to avoid or limit them as the study showed.”

“However, cancer centres, must, also, invest in integrative medicine, that combines medical anti-cancer treatments with non-conventional therapies. The average oncologist has poor knowledge of these alternative methods; this is, mostly, due to a lack of studies and databases in the field. More efforts are needed to understand how to deliver mixed treatments safely and to build up experience to better advise our patients.”

A first step toward building knowledge in the field is to reach a consensus on what integrative oncology should mean. For this reason, ESMO encourages oncologists and other healthcare professionals to use the more precise definition of complementary and integrative medicine:CIM, when referring to all complementary treatments being used side by side with conventional therapies in controlled settings rather than the acronym CAMs, which traditionally includes, also, treatments used instead of scientifically based medicine.

Based on evidence collected so far in the breast cancer setting, ESMO has recognised the benefits of physical exercise, mindfulness-based stress reduction:MBSR programmes, hypnosis, yoga and acupuncture in supportive care while the use of antioxidants supplements, herbs, minerals, oxygen and ozone therapy, proteolytic enzymes, phytoestrogens, high-dose vitamins is not recommended as it has been associated to no beneficial effects or negative outcomes.

The Paper 01: Abstract 1655P_PR ‘The use of complementary and alternative medicine:CAM in sarcoma patients’ will be presented by Kiagenda Sunku-Winkler uring the Poster Display Session on Monday, October 22, 2018, 12:45 to 13:45, CEST, in the Poster Area Networking Hub, Hall A3. Annals of Oncology, Volume 29 Supplement October 08, 2018

The Paper 02: Abstract 1632P_PR ‘Characterizing the risk of drug-drug interactions in sarcoma treated patients: role of pharmacist integration’ will be presented by Audrey Bellesoeur during the Poster Display Session on Monday, October 22, 2018, 12:45 to 13:45, CEST, in the Poster Area Networking Hub, Hall A3. Annals of Oncology, Volume 29 Supplement, October 08, 2018

About the European Society for Medical Oncology:ESMO: ESMO is the leading professional organisation for medical oncology. With 18,000 members representing oncology professionals from over 150 countries worldwide, ESMO is the society of reference for oncology education and information. ESMO is committed to offer the best care to people with cancer, through fostering integrated cancer care, supporting oncologists in their professional development, and advocating for sustainable cancer care worldwide.:::ω.

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Barnardo’s Reports Dramatic Rise in the Total Number of Children and Young People and Parents and Carers It Supports
 

 

 

 

 

|| September 25: 2018 || ά. Barnardo’s is supporting more children, young people, their parents and carers than ever before, delivering positive outcomes for some of the most vulnerable in society. The charity’s latest report shows that it has raised more than £304 million, the largest in its history, whilst embracing innovation, new technology and partnership working to address surging demand.

Delivering over 1,000 services in local communities across the UK, Barnardo’s provided crucial support to over 301,000 children in 2017:18, an increase of almost 11% on the previous year. This included 143,500 through Children’s Centres and Family Hubs,       23,500 through school-based programmes and 34,100 through other work. Barnardo’s successful performance is set against a backdrop of rapidly rising demand for children's social services, with the number of children and young people subject to child protection enquiries increasing 151 per cent in the decade to 2017 and the number of looked after children reaching a new high of 72,670 in 2016:17.

This equals 90 children coming into care every day of the year. Mr Javed Khan, the Chief Executive of Barnardo’s, said, “Vulnerable children and young people are facing great challenges in their daily lives and the increased demand on Barnardo’s services is greater than we could have expected. We have responded with confidence and had great support from the British public, working in partnerships with local councils and central government to reach more children and young people and provide them with the support they have desperately needed.

I’m incredibly proud of our staff and volunteers, whose passion and expertise bring hope to the children and families, that need it most, in the most challenging of circumstances.”

As part of a ten-year corporate strategy, 2016-2025, Barnardo’s is using innovative local approaches to improve the lives of a generation of children, that face an unprecedented complexity of challenges, many as a result of the influence of the internet on young lives.

Read the Report:::ω.  

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The Distorteddia

Distorteddia or the Distorteddia Conglomerate is made of all the entities, that call themselves 'social media and this and the other, including, the entire jungle of the so called apps, gadgets, contraptions and platforms. There is something, profoundly dehumanising, deeply contradictory and, fundamentally, anti-nature is happening in society, that has been losing its power to the distorteddia or the entire range of distortive, fragmentary and, often, manipulative 'expressions of realities', that are, simply, seeking to mimic the reality and real society: except, these have neither reality nor society in them, whereby people are, simply, taken on the terms and basis of absolute and must dehumanisation. The market has established its grip so that we are herded to one place and are given 'scripts' by which to 'waste away' by, by, simply, being the 'consumers', buying and consuming, while ensuring that we become and remain nothing but a mob and that we are always at the herding place so that the market and the marketeers have everyone at their disposal, when they advertise their offerings and, along the way, save a great deal of money and make a hell of a killing from it. 

This distorteddia has been let to grow because the entire 'mechanism' from the states and governments to media and publications to universities and businesses and all other from all spheres and all parts of the world, simply, let everything being dragged along and with such a naive, unquestioning, submissive and bedazzled way, that these agencies of the entire world had offered the best and highest most validation, prestige and recommendations, as well as, free advertisements to these distorteddia conglomerate and with it they amassed vast number of human beings just falling into their nets and the more fell the more billions they made and, now, things are becoming insanely obvious as to how desperately dangerous this is getting. It is time to wake up and do something about it. This distorteddia is the most dangerous development in the human progression but this is more dangerous than just physical annihilation of humanity for it is slaughtering the very humanity we are supposed to be and turning us into a mob. 

People have been, increasingly, become nothing more or nothing less than, only, good enough for being part of the mob and staying as such at the herding place, photographed, videod themselves doing nothing and then self-broadcast these goings on of doing and being nothing. People have no other value or virtue in this realm and, thus, sociologically looking at it, one would find and can not but conclude that this phenomenon has developed the following characteristics: 

a: That there is no human agency, human mind:soul:will but an 'automated', programmed and manipulated physiology, that does not think, that does not want to learn and process knowledge and information because they have their 'gadgets', 'devices' and contraptions' and the 'script' of 'behaviours, conducts and what and how to be in the distorteddia, to do that for them so that the entire basis of humanity being an agency of a human mind:soul:will has been taken down. 

b: This is the pre-condition by which the foundation and pre-requisite technicalities are brought about to convert all physiologies into a mob. A mob is like animals in a stampede: an animal as a mob in a stampede and a human mob both are the same in one fundamental way: neither think. They act in one goal: for humans this is programmed or orchestrated or brewed or manipulated but for animals it is not programmed by anyone but by their very fear and paranoia of losing their lives and in the process freezing in a state of utter and absolute panic and, thus, they run, often, to their deaths. So this mob behaves the way it is programmed and it does not and can not behave any other way for the 'individual', that is a must requisite for thinking, considerate, thoughtful, learning, contemplating and developing mind or the agency of the mind, no longer is existent in this scenario. Only this individuality makes a human being unique and capable of running its own self and own agency. This has been 'terminated' from this distorteddia. This is why in that realm of the distorteddia people behave the way they do: they say anything, they do anything and they do not fall short of doing anything so that all the negative traits of dehumanisation: the lack of common human decency, kindness, respect, regard, care, empathy, solidarity, connectedness, communality and civility and social cordiality etc have been replaced by 'mechanistic' dehumanisations. 

In this people are taken onto a 'state', where no one is being or doing but, simply, 'watching' or, rather, watching themselves, as well as others, being and doing nothing. In this they neglect their own self, own health and well being, their own environment and reality, their own idividual life, their family life, their social life, the work, cultural and spiritual life. All have been 'connected' to this 'annihilation-machine', that, only, distorts, destroy, devastate, disconnect, disfigure, dismantle reality and humanity in that reality being individual, family, community and society and in this distorteddia does these: makes a great deal of money, herd people, direct, dictate and manipulate people and impose its own 'set of agenda, priority and goals' into the population. 

This is the most dangerous developmental stage humanity has reached and it has gone on to challenge, devastate and destroy the very basis of economics, politics, governance, public affairs management systems, rule of law and the delivery, conduct and running of the judiciary, as well as, destroying the learning, enquiring and innovating sense, space, spheres and culture, which have been brought to a point of, almost, a state of apology, for 'the god' of the distorteddia is utter, sheer and inescapable 'ignorance'. At the same time, seeking and searching for knowledge have been taken over by them as the direct route to 'dictate both what are searched for and what is 'made known' so that all this offers distorteddia to make more money and in this, valid, legitimate, professional, bona fide press and media and journalism, that are, absolutely and fundamentally, vital parts of a democratic society, governance system, judiciary and for social spheres and social and public discourse, have been, almost, killed off. 

It is time the world, the world humanity, all the world's states and governments, all agencies of all shapes, sizes, manners, forms and types, as well as, every single human being on earth, in every country and in every nation, in every people and in every society, in every community, in every family must wake up, make a choice, make a stand up and fight this monstrosity of distorteddia and its utter, absolute and comprehensive devastating assault on humanity by these machinations, by these dehumanisations.

 Year Delta Arkive 2018-19

Year Gamma Arkive 2017-18

Year Beta Arkive 2016-17

Year Alpha Arkive 2015-16

Humanical Perspective of Sociology

 

Imagine, a tiny village in the wide expanse of a valley of a mountain that overlooks two countries on its either side beneath almost an infinite sky hanging down with a display of wonderful skyscapes: open fields and valleys, rivers and lakes, hills and groves marking the map with nature's bounties. Through that tiny village go parallel a high way and a railway line linking the wider world to the village, stopping at the tiny railway station with white sign boards marking the station that is lamped with old Victorian lanterns. There is the station office and there is a tiny cafeteria served by a very old man of almost 90. There is a primary school, secondary school, which feed into colleges and universities that are in the wider world, two small markets, connected to the wider market and its chain, a mosque, a temple, a church, a pagoda, a synagogue, linked and connected to the wider spheres of faiths. There are playing fields, farmlands where people are living and going about their business of life. All this is connected to this: social interactions of people, among and between them through established rules and customs and through and by organisations, institutions and structures that they have developed to support them in living life which is to be able to imagine, create and live. To be useful to others as well as oneself and one's family and community. So the Station Master sells tickets, the Station Porter goes up and lights up those old Victorian Lanterns at dusk and puts them off when the trains stop for the day, the old man who did not have to work still gets up at three o'clock in the morning to open his cafe which his family asks him to stop doing but he does so that the people for the early dawn train would find warmth and can have a drink, the Doctor goes about seeing her patients, the chemist goes about offering medications to people, the religious persons go about doing their parts in the 'temples' mentioned, the primary and secondary school teachers go about teaching, the farmers and fishermen go about fishing, the cafes and restaurants go about serving people, the social, political and cultural spheres work on. The study of all this is to understand how this network of people and organisations and the culture that they help create work, develop and run on and this study is the domain of sociology which means it cannot be done properly unless it has an eye in the depth of understanding the political, economical and  jurisprudential philosophy and the management systems that they have created that go towards creating and enabling that culture to which Sociology tries to offer its lights. On a humanical perspective sociology is a tool to understand the inner striving of humanity to create peace and stability through which life is supported, enabled and nurtured which means to achieve natural justice, liberty and equality for only which establishes the due process of law in which the rule of law is the 'nature' of society and the people who live in it being purposeful and useful to wider life while being able to support and develop their own, being at liberty, being at equality and protected by the same laws that protect everyone else equally and at all times. Munayem Mayenin: Editor: Posted on: November 14, 2015

Life's Laurel Is You In One-Line-Poetry A Heaven-Bound Propagated Ray Of Light Off The Eye Of The Book Of Life: Love For You Are Only Once

 

 

Life: You Are The Law The Flow The Glow: In Joys In Hurts You Are The Vine-Songs On The Light-Trellis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

|| All copyrights @ The Humanion: London: England: United Kingdom || Contact: The Humanion: editor at thehumanion.com || Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd: reginehumanics at reginehumanicsfoundation.com || Editor: Munayem Mayenin || First Published: September 24: 2015 ||
|| Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd: A Human Enterprise: Registered as a Not For Profit Social Enterprise in England and Wales: Company No: 11346648 ||