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First Published: September 24: 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Innerluminous Galaxillation

 

 

The Innerluminous Galaxillation Arkive
The Nine Galaxillations

 

Imagine a time-future arriving off the depth of the past I do
Not know how far ahead say it’s a millennium when fitted
With the most advanced scopes that cut down distances a
Trillion times hundreds of cameras placed around our dot


Expression Milky Way’s perimeter so that they could cover
All skies of all of the heavens around us than you would see
There clusters of galaxies all abound forming an awe of what
I call Galaxillations and I name them one by one and count to


To nine layers on layers they go outer wider further deeper
Into the Universe and they go in order outward spherically
Inluminsa Nearluzna Primaluma Midluminsa Neardisaana


Midfaaran Faroutluma Deeplumina Farthestsina and you find
In and out we are like the way the tree sleeps in the core of its
Seed as it rises it goes outward to see the wider awe outside it

Note: In the Sonnet the shortened names have been used. The Innerluminous Galaxillation is the first Galaxillation comprising of all the Clusters of Galaxies that people the near most surrounding of the Milky Way Galaxy's sphere.

01. Innerluminous Galaxillation : Inluminsa
02. Nearluminous Galaxillation : Nearluzna
03. Primariluminous Galaxillation : Primaluma
04. Midluminous Galaxillation : Midluminsa
05. Nearmidluminous Galaxillation : Neardisaana
06. Midfarluminous Galaxillation : Midfaaran
07. Faroutluminous Galaxillation : Faroutluma
08. Deepluminous Galaxillation : Deeplumina
09. Farthestluminous Galaxillation : Farthestsina

The Nine Galaxillations : Munayem Mayenin

Imagine and, that what you do, becomes you for as soon as you imagine something it becomes real in your soul. And, here, resides the choice; even with imagination: what to imagine and what not to, what to become and what not to, what to do and what not to. Therefore, imagine love and harmony, joy and warmth, care and compassion, humanity and oneness, humanionship and respect, kindness and grace, togetherness and community, giving and expecting not to receive in return and selflessness and highest of wisdom; if the world does not follow, your soul already has and, you are infinitely enriched by it already. Therefore, imagine! Read on

The Parent Star WASP 39: The Child Exo-Planet WASP-39b: Where are They: 700 Light Years Away: Much More is Now Known About Them

 

|| March 02: 2018 || ά. An international team of scientists has used the NASA:ESA Hubble Space Telescope to study the atmosphere of the hot exoplanet WASP-39b. By combining this new data with older data they created the most complete study yet of an exoplanet atmosphere. The atmospheric composition of WASP-39b hints that the formation processes of exoplanets can be very different from those of our own Solar System giants. Investigating exoplanet atmospheres can provide new insight into how and where planets form around a star. “We need to look outward to help us understand our own Solar System.” explains Lead Investigator Ms Hannah Wakeford from the University of Exeter in the UK and the Space Telescope Science Institute in the USA.

The British-American team combined the capabilities of the NASA:ESA Hubble Space Telescope with those of other ground and space based telescopes for a detailed study of the exoplanet WASP-39b. They have produced the most complete spectrum of an exoplanet’s atmosphere possible with present-day technology. WASP-39b is orbiting a Sun-like star, about 700 light-years from Earth. The exoplanet is classified as a 'Hot-Saturn', reflecting both its mass being similar to the planet Saturn in our own Solar System and its proximity to its parent star. This study found that the two planets, despite having a similar mass, are profoundly different in many ways. Not only is WASP-39b not known to have a ring system, it, also,  has a puffy atmosphere, that is free of high-altitude clouds. This characteristic allowed Hubble to peer deep into its atmosphere.

By dissecting starlight filtering through the planet’s atmosphere the research team found clear evidence for atmospheric water vapour. In fact, WASP-39b has three times as much water as Saturn does. Although, the researchers had predicted that they would see water vapour, they were surprised by the amount, that they found.

This surprise allowed to infer the presence of large amount of heavier elements in the atmosphere. This, in turn, suggests that the planet was bombarded by a lot of icy materials, which gathered in its atmosphere. This kind of bombardment would only be possible, if, WASP-39b formed much further away from its host star than it is right now.

“WASP-39b shows exoplanets are full of surprises and can have very different compositions than those of our Solar System.” says Co-author Mr David Sing from the University of Exeter, UK. The analysis of the atmospheric composition and the current position of the planet indicate that WASP-39b, most likely, underwent an interesting inward migration, making an epic journey across its planetary system. “Exoplanets are showing us that planet formation is more complicated and more confusing than we thought it was. And that’s fantastic!” said Ms Wakeford.

Having made its incredible inward journey WASP-39b is now eight times closer to its parent star, WASP-39, than Mercury is to the Sun and it takes only four days to complete an orbit. The planet is, also, tidally locked, meaning, it always shows the same side to its star. Ms Wakeford and her team measured the temperature of WASP-39b to be a scorching 750 degrees Celsius. Although, only one side of the planet faces its parent star, powerful winds transport heat from the bright side around the planet, keeping the dark side almost as hot.

“Hopefully, this diversity we see in exoplanets will help us figure out all the different ways a planet can form and evolve.” explains Mr David Sing. Looking ahead, the researchers want to use the NASA:ESA:CSA James Webb Space Telescope, scheduled to launch in 2019, to capture an even more complete spectrum of the atmosphere of WASP-39b.

James Webb will be able to collect data about the planet’s atmospheric carbon, which absorbs light of longer wavelengths than Hubble can see. “By calculating the amount of carbon and oxygen in the atmosphere, we can learn even more about where and how this planet formed.” said Ms Wakeford.

The Hubble Space Telescope is a project of international cooperation between ESA and NASA.

The international team of astronomers in this study consists of H.R. Wakeford: University of Exeter, UK and Space Telescope Science Institute, USA,  D.K. Sing: University of Exeter, UK, D. Deming: University of Maryland, USA, N.K. Lewis: Space Telescope Science Institute, USA, J. Goyal: University of Exeter, UK, T.J. Wilson: University of Exeter, UK, J. Barstow: University College London, UK, T. Kataria: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, USA, B. Drummond: University of Exeter, UK, T.M. Evans: University of Exeter, UK, A.L. Carter: University of Exeter, UK, N. Nikolov: University of Exeter, UK, H.A. Knutson: California Institute of Technology, USA, G.E. Ballester: University of Arizona, USA, A.M. Mandell: NASA Goddard Space Flight Centre, USA.
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Caption: Image: NASA, ESA, G. Bacon and A. Feild:STScI and H. Wakeford:STScI:University of Exeter

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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The Dance of the Equals: Andromeda and Milky Way Appear to Head Towards a Dance of the Equals

 

|| February 26: 2018: University of Western Australia News || ά. Astronomers have discovered that our nearest big neighbour, the Andromeda Galaxy, is roughly the same size as the Milky Way. It had been thought that Andromeda was two to three times the size of the Milky Way and that our own galaxy would ultimately be engulfed by our bigger neighbour. But the latest research, published this week, evens the score between the two galaxies. According to this new research the weight of the Andromeda is 800 billion times heavier than the Sun, which is on par with the Milky Way's weight.

Astrophysicist Dr Prajwal Kafle, from the University of Western Australia of the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, said that the study used a new technique to measure the speed required to escape a galaxy. “When a rocket is launched into space, it is thrown out with a speed of 11 kilometres per second to overcome the Earth’s gravitational pull. Our home galaxy, the Milky Way, is over a trillion times heavier than our tiny planet Earth so to escape its gravitational pull we have to launch with a speed of 550 kilometres per second. We used this technique to tie down the mass of Andromeda.” said Dr Kafle.

Dr Kafle said that the research suggests scientists previously overestimated the amount of dark matter in the Andromeda galaxy. “By examining the orbits of high speed stars, we discovered that this galaxy has far less dark matter than previously thought and only a third of that uncovered in previous observations.” he said.

The Milky Way and Andromeda are two giant spiral galaxies in our local Universe and light takes a cosmologically tiny two million years to get between them. With Andromeda no longer considered the Milky Way’s big brother, new simulations are needed to find out what will happen when the two galaxies, eventually, collide.

Dr Kafle used a similar technique to revise down the weight of the Milky Way in 2014 and said that the latest finding had big implications for our understanding of our nearest galactic neighbours.

“It completely transforms our understanding of the local group.” he said. “We had thought there was one biggest galaxy and our own Milky Way was slightly smaller but that scenario has now completely changed.

It’s really exciting that we’ve been able to come up with a new method and, suddenly, 50 years of collective understanding of the local group has been turned on its head.”

University of Sydney Astrophysicist Professor Geraint Lewis said that it was exciting to be at a time when the data was getting so good. “We can put this gravitational arms race to rest.” he said.
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Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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For Stories Published in The Innerluminous Galaxillation in || January || February || March 2018 || The Innerluminous Galaxillation Arkive 2018 Q-Alpha