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First Published: September 24: 2015
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Between the Neuroniverse and the Universe Life is Spread Where Finite and Infinity are Each Other's Home
Neuroniverse Arkive Year Beta












I Give You My Neuroniverse

Imagine a nano-universe beyond reach of our senses
That resides beneath the faces of things and they are
Guided and played by the same laws where the same 
Motion and statics same rises and falls and calls roll on

Imagine that as with a proper infinity there is another
Which is infinitesimal or rather a micro-infinity folded
Inside the things that form the space-time realities and
There this nano-universe goes on making its music that

No-human orchestra can play no conductor nor player
Can reach or touch or break their unfathomable bounds 
But be amazed by only their nano-seismic nanotheatrics

That science will forever bring out as glances and traces
In this nanoverse imagine this neuroniverse centrica-sun
I give you my Neuroniverse hold behold and rise a Rose

Munayem Mayenin: December 20: 2016













Dr Lilian Kisiswa Senior Post Doctoral Researcher: Cell and Molecular Biology: Karolinska Institutet and Organiser in Chief Hjarnfestivalen Or Brain Awareness Week 2018

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|| February 16: 2018: University of Helsinki News: Mari Peltonen Writing || ά. “Curiosity is inherent to humans. Children learn a lot of new things, but in linking new information with prior learning, the elderly outdo children.” says Professor Minna Huotilainen, a professor of education. Learning generates physical changes in the brain. Neurons find new connections, but other connections are eliminated. The amount of myelin, an extremely essential fat found in the central and peripheral nervous systems, increases. Myelin and the pruning of the neural network speed up brain activity.

A six year old child and his 70-year-old granny are playing a memory game. The child turns over matching pairs again and again, while the granny is straining to remember where in the column of cards she last saw a matching pattern. This is a familiar situation to most, but where does it stem from? The fundamental mechanisms of learning are the same for all and learning new skills causes permanent changes in the brain, regardless of age.“The structure and functions of the nervous system, however, change at different stages of life. The adult brain is fully grown, but in children and adolescents the brain is still in development..” says Ms Nina Sajaniemi, a Docent in early childhood education at the University of Helsinki.

The neurobiological maturation of the brain extends to the age of 20 to 25. Our environment has a significant impact on brain maturation, since the brain receives from our surroundings a constant stream of new information to be processed. A child’s brain is extremely efficient in receiving these morsels of information. Children are better at absorbing new information than adults, and therefore beat adults in memory games, for example.

Learning is a natural state for the brain. Foundations for life-long learning are laid during early childhood. Babies are inquisitive learners, who test the feel of a toy with their mouth and the sound it makes when dropped on the floor. All future learning is based on the synaptic connections formed during these experiments.

Some say that studying and learning slow down the aging of the brain. In practice, thickening of the cerebral cortex and the strengthening of white matter pathways can be perceived as deceleration of aging. “Studying and taking up new hobbies are good for you, even, when you get older.” says Professor Huotilainen.

“You can start learning a new language and reward yourself with a trip to a country, where that language is spoken. It is advisable to do something that interests you, not something done merely out of necessity, since the social aspect of hobbies and the enjoyment gained are, also, important to brain health.”

In addition to studying, the brain can be kept healthy by eating well. According to research, diets consisting of a wide selection of vegetables, wholegrains and fish are best for the brain.

Ms Sajaniemi and Professor Huotilainen, also, recommend sufficient amounts of sleep, exercise and social interaction for brain upkeep. Without external stimuli and interaction with other people, your brain will wither away. This has happened to children living in captivity, for example.

“Brain activity, interaction and learning can not be separated from each other.” says Ms  Nina Sajaniemi. 

Astronomy Bright Star: John Keats

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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What Is Happening in The Neuroniverse This Week: Brain Awareness Week in Stockholm: March 10-17


|| March 11: 2018: Karolinska Intitutet News || ά. Well, over there, at the Karolinska Institutet, they have started the Brain Week 2018: March 10-17, except, they appear to speak only Swedish! No English at all! So, we do not know much about what they have been saying! But, thankfully, we have the English-speaking Hjärnfestivalen's: Brain Awareness Week's, Festival Organiser-In-Chief, Dr Lilian Kisiswa, talking about what is happening at this year's instalment of the celebrations of all things neurological: bringing the labs and the minds, that work in them, out into the open before the public so that the members of the public have an opportunity to get to see and find out about the works, that are going on in Neurology.

Dr Kisiswa is a Senior Post Doctoral Researcher at the Department of Cell and Molecular Biology at Karolinska Institutet, who is leading the neurological charge in this Festival and all the various activities taking place throughout this week. The festival is organised by the Vetenskap i Samhället or Science in Society Association. Neurology is such a wonder and it is wonderful, that Karolinska Institutet is celebrating and there are many celebrations going on around the world. There should be such a festival taking place across the world at every place, where humanity gathered: To know what an astonishing, awe-inspiring, magnanimous gift we humans have been given by mother nature!

Here, Dr Kisiswa speaks about the Hjärnfestivalen: “Hjärnfestivalen 2018 is a seven-day festival, that will offer the general public opportunities to learn about current brain research, ask brain researchers, patients and experts questions and, even, try their hand at being brain researchers. Hjärnfestivalen is free and open to visitors of all ages and will consist of exhibitions, interactive activities, short presentations, panel discussions and workshops.'

“Vetenskap i Samhället, ViS, is a non-profit organisation, that is made up of researchers, mainly, from Karolinska Institutet. The aim is to give the general public opportunities to interact with researchers and disseminate knowledge about science, through, organising activities, such as, Hjärnfestivalen.

We want to take science out of the laboratories and reach a wider audience. I have always been interested in outreach and I have been engaged in various public activities outside Sweden for many years, for example, the Smarter UK Group, the Cardiff Brain Awareness Committee and the Cardiff Neuroscience Café.

Hjärnfestivalen has always been part of the international DANA Brain Awareness Week, BAW, which is a global campaign, that aims to increase public awareness of the progress and benefits of brain research. BAW is always held the second week in March but last time we had to hold the Festival in Stockholm at a later date for various reasons. We’re, particularly, happy that we managed to match the date of BAW this time.

I think we have an excellent programme and I’m looking forward to all the sessions. But, if, I have to choose, I’m looking forward to the Brain Fair. It’s incredibly beautiful to see the close interaction between the researchers and the audience.”

Some of the KI researchers at Hjärnfestivalen
Torbjörn Vestberg: Hjärnboll: vad gör Rinaldo, Messi och Zlatan till världsstjärnor: ABF-huset: March 12
Robin Fondberg: Varför gillar vi vissa smaker och inte andra: Vetenskapen av smak Restaurangakademien: March 12
Alva Appelgren: Återkoppling och viljan att utvecklas, Stockholms stadsbibliotek: March 13
Carl Johan Sundberg: Hjärnan och träning, ABF-huset: March 14
Armita Golkar: Det syns inte – musical and panel discussion, Maximteatern: March 17:: 

Caption: Lilian Kisiswa: Senior Post Doctoral Researcher: Cell and Molecular Biology: Karolinska Institutet and Organiser-In-Chief: Hjarnfestivalen: Brain Awareness Week 2018: Image: Vetenskap i Samhället.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Learning is a Natural State for the Human Brain: For You Feed It Well with Perpetual Learning and Its Bountiful Gifts to You are Called: The Joys of Existence

|| April 06: 2018 || ά. The Humanion was first published on September 24, 2015 and has been run, since that day, on a complete voluntary basis without any 'formal' or 'constituted' manner or form and, it was run on as a Human Enterprise, which is an idea of Humanics, in which, ownership is replaced by belongingship and, thus, in a Humanical Society, no one owns anything but everyone belongs to the whole as the whole belongs to everyone lawfully and equally and, it neither believes in nor makes money but human utilities, needs, aspirations, creativity, imagination and dreams are served without money, where everyone works and creates for all others as all others create and work for all others, thus, bringing in meaning and purpose to life along with it come natural justice, equality and liberty, that establish a true civilisation within the Rule of Law. And in one word, this system of human affairs management is called, Humanics and a society that runs itself in humanics is called a humanical society. Today, we have begun the process of 'constituting' this Human Enterprise, which does not exist in the current system, but the next closest thing to it, that exists in the UK Law is Social Enterprise. Therefore, today, Friday, April 06, 2018, we are beginning Regine Humanics Foundation, that is the 'Agency', that will lead, run, manage and develop everything, that The Humanion has been trying to do.

Regine Humanics Foundation is established by the Thinker, Author, Poet, Novelist, Playwright, Editor of The Humanion, Festival Director of London Poetry Festival and a Humanicsxian: hu: maa: neek: tian: One, that believes in, lives and exists by Humanics, Mr Munayem Mayenin, of London, England, United Kingdom. Mr Mayenin says, ''Humanics is a vision; people, may, call it, utopia, we, call it our Humanicsovicsopia; Humanics. Humanics is our philosophy, our faith, our conviction, our resolution, our way of existing, thinking, being and doing: to seek and try to do so in the determination that all we must do and be is to exist to advance the human condition. People, readers and agencies and organisations, from all across England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales and the whole of the United Kingdom and Australasia, Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, from all walks and strata of life, have supported our endeavours, supported The Humanion and The Humanion Team, who volunteered their time to run things, since the beginning of The Humanion and long before that, when other things, that are now part of The Foundation, were developing. Nothing has changed in terms of the nature and value of what we have been seeking to do.''

''But the founding of The Foundation brings it all in a solid foundation so that we can keep on building this 'vision' so that it keeps on going regardless of who come to take the vision-mission of The Foundation forward. The Foundation runs along with time and along with the flowing humanity. This is the dream, this is the vision, this the hope in founding this Foundation. And, in this, we hope and invite all our readers, supporters, well wishers and all agencies and organisations to support our endeavours to build something, a Human Enterprise, which we are in the process of registering as a Social Enterprise, as a Community Interest Company, working for the common good of the one and common humanity. No one makes or takes profit out of The Foundation, which now runs The Humanion and everything else, that is part of it. The Foundation, once registered, will have an Asset Lock, which means that in any event, should The Foundation dissolve itself, all its existing assets shall go to a similar Social Enterprise. Therefore, we invite everyone to support The Foundation, support The Humanion in whatever way they can. And, there are endless number of ways people and organisations can support The Foundation and The Humanion.'' ::: ω.

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How to Characterise the Brain: Premature Birth Affects the White Matter Structures Across the Brain Whereas the Age of Second Language Acquisition Affects Only the Speech Related Structures

Now Guess How Large or Rather Small My Brain Is and How Magnificently It Still Work



|| April 06: 2018: University of Helsinki News: Minna Meriläinen-Tenhu Writing || ά. Recent findings indicate that premature birth affects the white matter structures across the brain whereas the age of acquisition of the second language affects, only, the speech related brain structures. This is shown by researchers working on diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging:MRI, a method, that quantifies the motion of water molecules within the living brain tissue. As the nuclear magnetic resonance signal itself can be noisy and its meaning challenging to interpret, mathematical models are, generally, fitted to these measurements to obtain the more accurate characterization of the brain microstructure.

This, of course, requires that the mathematical model itself is sound in respect to the measurement setup. The doctoral thesis 'From Diffusion to Tracts' by Mr Viljami Sairanen from University of Helsinki focuses on the extensively used tensor models as they have been shown to unravel details of the physical diffusion phenomena along with various applications in the basic neuroscience, the clinical research and, even, in the neurosurgery. "One of the greatest challenges in the diffusion weighted MRI measurements is subject motion during the image acquisition as that can cause a complete loss of the measurement which is especially highlighted in ill or uncooperative patients’ studies." says Mr Viljami Sairanen.

Due to the used acquisition technique, this loss extends to multiple measurements simultaneously resulting in an enormous gap in the sampling. Such gaps can be problematic for any model fitting, even for the currently available robust means developed to exclude outlier measurements from affecting the estimate.

Hence in the dissertation studies, a tool coined as SOLID was developed to detect these outliers and to robustly process them during the tensor-based model estimation. SOLID was implemented as a part of the widely used ExploreDTI toolbox to allow the rapid international distribution of the tool.

Unfortunately, any reduction in the measurement sampling will lead to increasing error propagation during the model estimation. Mathematically this is detailed in terms of a condition number for the matrix inversion in the linear least squares fitting. Previously, the condition number has been used to optimise the diffusion weighted MRI acquisition gradient scheme but in the work by Mr Viljami Sairanen it was renovated into a new quality control tool.

The condition number of the matrix inversion, that provides the model estimate can be calculated after the outliers are excluded to assess spatially and directionally varying error propagation to obviate any bias in subject or population studies. To motivate the importance of the robust methods and diffusion weighted MRI at large, neuro-cognitive studies with neonates’ visual abilities and bilinguals’ acquisition age of the second language were conducted as a part of this thesis.

The findings in these studies indicated that premature birth affects the white matter structures across the brain whereas the age of acquisition of the second language affects only the speech related brain structures.

Contact: Viljami Sairanen: +358 50 302 8895: email: viljami.sairanen at helsinki.fi
Science Communicator: Minna Meriläinen-Tenhu: email: minna.merilainen at helsinki.fi ::: ω.

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For Stories Published in Neuroniverse in the Year Gamma: the Current Year: are Arkived in The Neuroniverse Arkive

Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital: London















Western Eye Hospital London September 29: 2016































The Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine

Life's Laurel Is You In One-Line-Poetry A Heaven-Bound Propagated Ray Of Light Off The Eye Of The Book Of Life: Love For You Are Only Once

Life: You Are The Law The Flow The Glow: In Joys In Hurts You Are The Vine-Songs On The Light-Trellis