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UNHCR staffers hold Ivan, three months old, at the Chami Ruru settlement, Colombia, which houses around 35 families displaced by armed groups in 2005. The families are indigenous Embera Chami. Image: UNHCR:Sebastian Rich. ‽: 070816




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South America is made of countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Falkland Islands, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela

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Colombia: Staggering Number of Human Rights Defenders Killed in 2019



|| Thursday: January 16: 2020 || ά. A Spokesperson of The United Nations Human Rights Office, OHCHR, expressed the Agency’s deep concerns on Tuesday for the fact that a staggering number of human rights defenders were killed in Colombia last year. According to OHCHR, 107 activists were killed in the country last year.  The OHCHR staff in the country are still in the process of verifying 13 additional cases reported during 2019, which, if, confirmed, would raise the annual total to 120 killings.

Attacks on human rights defenders during 2018 had already intensified, with 115 killings confirmed by the United Naitons. “The single most targeted group was human rights defenders, advocating on behalf of community-based and specific ethnic groups, such as, indigenous peoples and Afro-Colombians.” Ms Marta Hurtado told reporters in Geneva, adding that the number of women human rights defenders killed increased by almost 50 per cent in 2019 compared to 2018.

“This terrible trend is showing no let-up in 2020, with at least 10 human rights defenders already reportedly killed during the first 13 days of January.” Ms Hurtado lamented. The UN office renewed its call on the Government to ‘make a strenuous effort’ to prevent attacks on those, who are defending fundamental rights, investigate each case and prosecute those responsible, including, those aiding and abetting the deadly attacks.

“The vicious and endemic cycle of violence and impunity must stop.” the Spokesperson said. “Victims and their families have a right to justice, truth and reparations.” The vast majority of last year’s killings happened in rural areas, 98 per cent of which occurred in municipalities with black market economies and where criminal groups or armed groups hold sway.

And around 86 per cent of the deaths took place in villages with a poverty rate above the national average. Although, more than half were recorded in the four provinces of Antioquia, Arauca, Cauca and Caquetá, 21 other provinces, also, saw fatalities.

While the figures reflect the gravity of the problem, Ms Hurtado pointed out that they concealed the structural causes, that sustain violence against human rights defenders. “Any attack against human rights defenders is unacceptable and constitutes an assault against democracy, undermining participation and people’s access to their human rights.” she said.

There were a number of other contributing factors, including, the penetration of criminal groups and armed groups linked to illicit economies in areas, vacated by FARC-EP rebels and the favouring of a military response from the Government to control the violence.

In November 2016, the UN Secretary-General welcomed the signing of a historic UN-backed peace agreement between the Colombian Government and the FARC-EP group, ending an armed conflict, that had been on-going since 1964. However, continuous challenges in implementing the peace agreement have, also, played a role in the violence, especially, the dismantling of paramilitary linked-groups; the security situation in conflict-affected communities; land restitution, illicit crop substitution programmes and the fulfilment of victims’ rights.

While OHCHR has acknowledged some positive steps, such as, a recent meeting of the National Commission on Security Guarantees, convened by the Government early this month, to tackle this problem, the number of killings clearly shows much more needs to be done. “We call on the authorities to redouble their efforts to ensure a free and secure environment for civic engagement and to increase the presence of civil State authorities in rural areas to provide basic services, such as, health and education.” said Ms Hurtado.

She concluded by stressing the need to urgently tackle disparities in the enjoyment of all rights, particularly, economic, social and cultural rights, especially, in rural areas, saying that measures of a collective nature aimed at protecting geographical areas or communities must be further developed.”

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Pöyry Has Been Awarded the Assignment to Build New Expansion of Brazil’s Klabin Paper Packaging That Will Increase Its Capacity by 920,000 Tonnes of Kraftliner Paper Annually


|| Thursday: May 30: 2019 || ά. Klabin, the largest producer and exporter of packaging paper in Brazil, has awarded Pöyry with an engineering, procurement and construction management assignment to develop the Balance of Plant:BOP for the first phase of the PUMA II project. The services include the detail engineering of all disciplines, procurement and construction management services of the complementary plants and interconnections between process islands.

For Klabin's Director of Industrial Technology, Innovation, Sustainability and Pulp Business, Mr Francisco Razzolini, the reason for choosing Pöyry is mainly due to its ability to generate innovative solutions through its highly qualified teams. The Puma II Project is the largest investment in Klabin's history, estimated at R$09.1 billion and comprises the construction of two kraftliner paper machines, with integrated pulp production, which will increase the paper production capacity of the company by 920,000 tonnes per year.

The works will start in the second quarter of 2019 and its installation will take place in two stages, with a duration time of 24 months each.

Pöyry has been involved with the Puma II Project, since, the beginning and was responsible for the Conceptual Study, Basic Engineering and Investment Estimate. According to Mr Fábio Bellotti da Fonseca, the President of Pöyry in Brazil, this agreement reinforces Pöyry's position as a world leader in consulting and engineering in pulp and paper, and reflects the long-standing trust and co-operation established with Klabin.

For further information, contact: Nicholas Oksanen: Executive Vice President: Head of Division Process Industries: Tele: +358 10 33 22294: email: Nicholas.oksanen at Fábio Bellotti da Fonseca: President of Pöyry Brazil: Head of Process Industries Brazil: Tele: +55 11 3472 7737: email: fabio.fonseca at

About Pöyry: We are an international leader within engineering, design and advisory services. We create solutions to support our customers worldwide to act on sustainability, as well as, the global trends of urbanisation and digitalisation. We are more than 16,000 devoted experts within the fields of infrastructure, industry and energy operating across the world to create sustainable solutions for the next generation.

About Klabin: Klabin is the largest producer and exporter of packaging paper in Brazil, the only company in the country to offer the market a solution in short fiber pulp, long fibre and fluff pulp and a leader in the markets for corrugated packaging and industrial bags. Founded in 1899, it has 17 industrial units in Brazil and one in Argentina.

The entire management of the company is oriented to Sustainable Development, seeking integrated and responsible growth, which combines profitability, social development and environmental commitment. Since 2014, Klabin has been integrating the Business Sustainability Index:ISE of B3. It is, also, a signatory to the UN Global Compact and the National Pact for the Eradication of Slave Labour, seeking suppliers and business partners, who follow the same values of ethics, transparency and respect for the principles of sustainability.:::ω.

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Venezuela’s Politicians Urged to Avoid Escalation and End the Suffering of the People




|| January 24: 2019 || ά. Reports of violence and casualties, linked to the unrest in Venezuela should be investigated transparently and independently, the United Nations Secretary-General Mr Antonio Guterres said on Thursday, before calling for calm. In a statement issued by his Spokesperson, he urged all parties to lower tensions in the South American country, which is riven by economic and political crisis, after deadly clashes in the capital Caracas between security forces and thousands of demonstrators opposed to the Government of President Mr Nicolás Maduro.

The development follows Wednesday’s declaration by opposition leader Mr Juan Guaidó that he had become the country’s interim President until fresh elections could be held. Mr Maduro was, officially, sworn back into office for his disputed second term, following elections mired in controversy, just two weeks ago. “The Secretary-General is concerned over reports of casualties in the context of demonstrations and unrest in Venezuela and calls for a transparent and independent investigation of these incidents.” said Mr Stéphane Dujarric.

‘’At this critical time, Mr. Guterres urges all actors to lower tensions and pursue every effort to prevent violence and avoid any escalation.” ‘’What we hope is that dialogue can be possible  and that we avoid an escalation, that could lead to the kind of conflict, that would be a total disaster for Venezuela.’’ Mr Guterres said.

Issued from the World Economic Forum:WEF in Davos, Switzerland, where Mr Guterres gave a keynote address, his statement highlighted the urgent need for all relevant actors to commit to inclusive and credible political dialogue to address the protracted crisis in the country, with full respect for the rule of law and human rights.

Mr Guterres said that he could not comment on those governments, which have decided to, officially, recognise Mr Guaido’s claim to the Presidency, saying only that all sovereign governments are in charge of their own decision-making but expressed concern over the suffering of the Venezuelan people.

He said that, if, dialogue was not possible, then what are we doing? In all circumstances in the world, even, the most difficult circumstances, we need to push for dialogue.”

According to the World Food Programme:WFP, three million Venezuelans have left their country in recent years owing to a lack of food, medicine and the loss of their livelihoods. In addition to the humanitarian crisis, grave human rights abuses have been reported by the UN, including, killings, the use of excessive force against demonstrators, arbitrary detentions, ill-treatment and torture.

In a Report issued in June last year, the UN human rights office:OHCHR documented credible, shocking accounts of extra-judicial killings during crime-fighting operations carried out between 2015 and 2017.

Caption: The EU and the Red Cross assist thousands of Venezuelans, migrating throughout Latin America. At night, women with children are sheltered in tents, next to the Red Cross health centres. Colombian authorities give them priority to process documents and let them across the border: Image: European Union 2018: N. Mazars:::ω.

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Suspected Polio Case in Venezuela Confirmed Not to Have Been Caused by Wild Polio-Virus or Vaccine Derived Polio-Virus

|| June 15: 2018 || ά. Following unconfirmed reports on June 08 of suspected Polio re-emergence in Venezuela, final laboratory testing has confirmed the cause of the paralysis is not wild poliovirus or vaccine-derived poliovirus. A 34-month old child had presented with symptoms of acute flaccid paralysis:AFP on April 29, from a community with low vaccination coverage in Orinoco Delta in Delta Amacuro state.

A Sabin type three poliovirus was isolated from stool samples of the child. Isolation of Sabin type three poliovirus can be expected in children and communities immunised with bivalent oral polio vaccine, which contains attenuated, weakened type one and type three Sabin strains.  Final laboratory analysis received today has confirmed that the AFP symptoms are not associated with wild or vaccine-derived poliovirus.

A number of conditions or infections can lead to AFP, poliovirus being just one of them.  As part of global polio surveillance efforts, every year more than 100,000 AFP cases are detected and investigated worldwide.

Clinical evaluation of the child is underway to determine the cause of the paralysis. The most important point is that the child should be provided with appropriate care and support.

While wild and vaccine-derived polio have both been ruled out as the cause of this child’s symptoms, this area of Venezuela is experiencing vaccination coverage gaps. It is critical that countries maintain high immunity to polio in all communities and strong disease surveillance, to minimise the risk and consequences of any eventual poliovirus re-introduction or re-emergence.

The partners of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative:GPEI, WHO, the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, Rotary International, UNICEF and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, will continue to support national and local public health authorities in these efforts, together with the Pan American Health Organisation, which serves as the Americas Regional Office of WHO.:::ω.

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WHO Certifies Paraguay Malaria-Free: The First Country to Achieve the Status Since Cuba in 1973

|| June 11: 2018 || ά. The World Health Organisation:WHO today certified Paraguay as having eliminated Malaria, the first country in the Americas to be granted this status since Cuba in 1973. “It gives me great pleasure today to certify that Paraguay is officially free of malaria.” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director General, in a recorded statement. “Success stories like Paraguay’s show what is possible. If, Malaria can be eliminated in one country, it can be eliminated in all countries.”

In 2016, WHO identified Paraguay as one of 21 countries with the potential to eliminate Malaria by 2020. Through the ‘E-2020 initiative’ WHO is supporting these countries as they scale up activities to become malaria-free. Other E-2020 countries in the Americas include Belize, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico and Suriname. “I take pride in saying that PAHO has accompanied Paraguay in the crusade of Malaria elimination since the beginning.” said Dr Carissa F Etienne, Director of the Pan American Health Organisation:PAHO, WHO regional office for the Americas.

“This is a powerful reminder for the region of what can be achieved when countries are focused on an important goal, and remain vigilant after achieving that goal. We are hopeful that other countries will soon join Paraguay in eliminating Malaria”. 

From 1950 to 2011, Paraguay systematically developed policies and programmes to control and eliminate malaria, a significant public health challenge for a country that reported more than 80 000 cases of the disease in the 1940s. As a result, Paraguay registered its last case of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in 1995, and P. vivax malaria in 2011.

A five-year plan to consolidate the gains, prevent re-establishment of transmission and prepare for elimination certification was launched in 2011. Activities focused on robust case management, engagement with communities, and education to make people more aware of ways to prevent malaria transmission, and about diagnosis and treatment options.

“Receiving this certification is a recognition of more than five decades of hard work in Paraguay, both on the part of public sector workers, as well as the community itself, who have collaborated time and time again in order to achieve the elimination of Malaria.” said Dr Carlos Ignacio Morínigo, Minister of Health of Paraguay.

“Reaching this goal also implies that we must now face the challenge of maintaining it. Therefore, Paraguay has put in place a solid surveillance and response system in order to prevent the re-establishment of Malaria.” 

In 2016, in the next phase of the elimination drive, the Ministry of Health launched a three-year initiative to build Paraguay’s front-line health workers’ skills. Backed by The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the country strengthened its capacity to prevent disease, identify suspected malaria cases, accurately diagnose malaria and provide prompt treatment, key strategies to tackle the on-going threat of malaria importation from endemic countries elsewhere in the Americas and sub-Saharan Africa.

“Paraguay’s success demonstrates the importance of investing in robust, sustainable systems for health, and I’m very pleased that the Global Fund supported this achievement.” said Mr Peter Sands, Executive Director of the Global Fund. “We need to remain vigilant and prevent resurgence, but we also need to celebrate this victory.”

In April 2018, the independent Malaria Elimination Certification Panel  concluded that Paraguay had interrupted indigenous malaria transmission for the requisite three years and had the capacity to prevent the re-establishment of transmission. The Panel recommended the WHO Director-General certify the country Malaria-free.

They highlighted factors such as the quality and coverage of health services, including Malaria awareness among front-line health workers, the universal availability of free medical treatment, and a strong malaria surveillance system.

Between 1960 and 1973, seven countries and territories from the Americas were certified malaria-free: Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, and the northern part of Venezuela.

In the Region of the Americas, malaria cases declined by 62%, and malaria-related deaths decreased by 61% between 2000 and 2015. However, the rise of malaria cases reported in several countries in 2016 and 2017 show that major challenges remain, including the diagnosis, treatment, and investigation of malaria cases, particularly in remote areas.   

The official certification announcement will be made today at the Second annual global forum of Malaria-eliminating countries, convened by WHO in San José, Costa Rica from June 11-13.

WHO is releasing a progress update on elimination efforts in E-2020 countries, providing, for the first time, preliminary malaria case numbers for 2017. Ten more countries are on track to eliminate malaria by 2020. However, eight other E-2020 countries saw increases in indigenous Malaria cases in 2017, reflecting the global malaria trends reported in the latest WHO World Malaria report. WHO is publishing country briefs for the 21 eliminating countries, offering an overview of progress, key malaria data and an assessment of what is needed to reach the 2020 elimination target.::: ω.

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Venezuela Urgently Needs a Political Solution to End the Current Crisis and First and Foremost to Deliver on Its People Most Pressing Humanitarian Needs: EU


|| May 22: 2018 || ά. Ms Federica Mogherini, the High Representative of the European Union has issued a statement on behalf of the EU on the presidential and regional elections in Venezuela Declaration. In her statement she that on May 20, elections took place in Venezuela with the highest abstention rate in a presidential election in the country over the last decades. These elections could have been a crucial opportunity for all Venezuelan citizens to express, through a democratic, free and transparent process, their political will and, thereby, determine the future of the country.

‘’However, presidential and regional polls went ahead without a national agreement on an electoral calendar and without complying with the minimum international standards for a credible process, not respecting political pluralism, democracy, transparency and rule of law. Major obstacles to the participation of opposition political parties and their leaders, an unbalanced composition of the National Electoral Council, biased electoral conditions, numerous reported irregularities during the Election Day, including, vote buying, stood in the way of fair and equitable elections.’’ the statement stated.

‘’Therefore, as advanced in our statement of April 19th, the EU and its member states will consider the adoption of adequate measures. It is more urgent than ever that the Venezuelan government takes concrete steps to fully respect the country’s Constitution and create the conditions, that will allow all relevant political and social actors to play an active part in addressing the considerable challenges with which their country is faced. We call on the Venezuelan government to release all political prisoners.

Venezuela urgently needs a political solution to end the current crisis and, first and foremost, to deliver on its people most pressing humanitarian needs. The EU reiterates the need to restore the democratic process and the importance that the country works towards a political and truly negotiated solution. ::: ω.

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Regine Humanics Foundation Begins Its Journey Today: The Humanion Is Now A Regine Humanics Foundation Publication


|| April 06: 2018 || ά. The Humanion was first published on September 24, 2015 and has been run, since that day, on a complete voluntary basis without any 'formal' or 'constituted' manner or form and, it was run on as a Human Enterprise, which is an idea of Humanics, in which, ownership is replaced by belongingship and, thus, in a Humanical Society, no one owns anything but everyone belongs to the whole as the whole belongs to everyone lawfully and equally and, it neither believes in nor makes money but human utilities, needs, aspirations, creativity, imagination and dreams are served without money, where everyone works and creates for all others as all others create and work for all others, thus, bringing in meaning and purpose to life along with it come natural justice, equality and liberty, that establish a true civilisation within the Rule of Law. And in one word, this system of human affairs management is called, Humanics and a society that runs itself in humanics is called a humanical society. Today, we have begun the process of 'constituting' this Human Enterprise, which does not exist in the current system, but the next closest thing to it, that exists in the UK Law is Social Enterprise. Therefore, today, Friday, April 06, 2018, we are beginning Regine Humanics Foundation, that is the 'Agency', that will lead, run, manage and develop everything, that The Humanion has been trying to do.

Regine Humanics Foundation is established by the Thinker, Author, Poet, Novelist, Playwright, Editor of The Humanion, Festival Director of London Poetry Festival and a Humanicsxian: hu: maa: neek: tian: One, that believes in, lives and exists by Humanics, Mr Munayem Mayenin, of London, England, United Kingdom. Mr Mayenin says, ''Humanics is a vision; people, may, call it, utopia, we, call it our Humanicsovicsopia; Humanics. Humanics is our philosophy, our faith, our conviction, our resolution, our way of existing, thinking, being and doing: to seek and try to do so in the determination that all we must do and be is to exist to advance the human condition. People, readers and agencies and organisations, from all across England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales and the whole of the United Kingdom and Australasia, Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, from all walks and strata of life, have supported our endeavours, supported The Humanion and The Humanion Team, who volunteered their time to run things, since the beginning of The Humanion and long before that, when other things, that are now part of The Foundation, were developing. Nothing has changed in terms of the nature and value of what we have been seeking to do.''

''But the founding of The Foundation brings it all in a solid foundation so that we can keep on building this 'vision' so that it keeps on going regardless of who come to take the vision-mission of The Foundation forward. The Foundation runs along with time and along with the flowing humanity. This is the dream, this is the vision, this the hope in founding this Foundation. And, in this, we hope and invite all our readers, supporters, well wishers and all agencies and organisations to support our endeavours to build something, a Human Enterprise, which we are in the process of registering as a Social Enterprise, as a Community Interest Company, working for the common good of the one and common humanity. No one makes or takes profit out of The Foundation, which now runs The Humanion and everything else, that is part of it. The Foundation, once registered, will have an Asset Lock, which means that in any event, should The Foundation dissolve itself, all its existing assets shall go to a similar Social Enterprise. Therefore, we invite everyone to support The Foundation, support The Humanion in whatever way they can. And, there are endless number of ways people and organisations can support The Foundation and The Humanion.'' ::: ω.


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|| All copyrights @ The Humanion: London: England: United Kingdom || Contact: The Humanion: editor at || Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd: elleesium at || Editor-In-Chief: Munayem Mayenin || First Published: September 24: 2015 ||
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