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Collapsing Consumer Demand Amid Lockdowns Cripple Asia-Pacific Garment Industry: It Is Time the World Supports the Countries Where There Is No Social Security to Create and Extend Social Security to All Those Who Need It: This Is What Must the World’s New Progressive Political Forces Fight For Now: Humanity Can Not Be Left Out to Hunger Misery and Destitution



|| Thursday: October 22: 2020 || ά. The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered government lockdowns, collapsed consumer demand and disrupted imports of raw materials, battering the Asia Pacific garment industry especially hard, according to a new Report, released on Wednesday by the International Labour Organisation:ILO. ILO Report highlighted that in the first half of 2020, Asian imports had dropped by up to 70%. And how we would like the reader to contemplate what is happening to the workers, who have lost their jobs and livelihoods? How are they feeding themselves and their families? How are they paying for their necessities when they neither have any savings nor any income coming from anywhere? How long can they survive in this state? In hunger, malnutrition and perpetual misery and hardship? How long can they go on being destitute? Till they fall apart and end their life? This can not go on and it must not be accepted. It is time the world and the entire mechanism of the world must come up with real, measurable, credible, immediate and urgent means and mechanism to support the world’s countries, where there is no social security, to create and extend social security to those, who need it. This can not go on for the pandemic has brought untold and all-ignored destitution over hundreds of millions of humanity across the world. It is time new progressive political forces begin to work and demand that this becomes the absolute-must task before all humanity: to end hunger, malnutrition and destitution, that are now being enforeced on such a large number of humanity across the world! It can not keep on going: it must come to an end. NOW.

Moreover, as of September, almost, half of all garment supply chain jobs, were dependent on consumers, living in countries where lockdown conditions were being most tightly imposed, leading to plummeting retail sales. ILO Regional Director for Asia and the Pacific, Ms Chihoko Asada Miyakawa, pointed out that the research highlights the massive impact COVID-19 has had on the garment industry at every level. In 2019, the Asia-Pacific region had employed an estimated 65 million in the sector, accounting for 75% of all garment workers worldwide, the Report shows. Although, governments in the region have responded proactively to the crisis, thousands of factories have been shuttered, either temporarily or indefinitely, prompting a sharp increase in worker lay-offs and dismissals. And the factories, that have reopened, are, often, operating at reduced workforce capacity.

“The typical garment worker in the region lost out on, at least, two to four weeks of work and saw only three in five of her co-workers called back to the factory when it reopened.” said Mr Christian Viegelahn, Labour Economist at the ILO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. “Declines in earnings and delays in wage payments were, also, common among garment workers still employed in the second quarter of 2020”.

As women comprise the vast majority of the region’s garment workers, they are being disproportionately affected by the crisis, the Report tracked. Additionally, their situation is exacerbated by existing inequalities, including, increased workloads and gender over-representation, as well as, a rise in unpaid care work and subsequent loss of earnings

To mitigate the situation, the brief calls for inclusive social dialogue at national and workplace levels, in countries across the region. The Report, also, recommends continued support for enterprises, along with extending social protection for workers, especially, for women.

The ILO’s recent global Call to Action to support manufacturers and help them survive the pandemic’s economic disruption and protect garment workers’ income, health and employment’ was cited as ‘a promising example of industry-wide solidarity in addressing the crisis’. “It is vital that governments, workers, employers and other industry stakeholders work together to navigate these unprecedented conditions and help forge a more human-centred future for the industry.” said Ms Miyakawa.

The Study assessed the pandemic’s impact on supply chains, factories and workers in Baangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam. It is based on research and analysis of publicly available data together with interviews from across the sector in Asia.

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Protecting Economic and Social Rights During and Post-Covid-19: These Are the Most Vital Issues World’s Working and Non-Working Humanity Are Faced With But the World’s So-Called Progressive Forces Are Not Raising Them


|| Tuesday: July 01: 2020 || ά. This has been presented by Human Rights Watch and we thank the Organisation for doing so because the so-called progressive forces of the world have taken leave of the political fields. They should be fighting to bring these issues out and raise them to highest on the political agenda. But they are not doing so. They are waiting for the next election to try their luck. No wonder they are falling away from the support of the people because they have become part of the complicity mechanism of capitalism. But people, the working and non-working humanity of this earth are suffering unprecedented hardships. The Covid-19 pandemic is likely to have long-lasting consequences on economic and social rights, stemming from the direct and indirect effects of the illness, people’s co-operation with prevention efforts and government transmission control policies.

Economic projections have already been revised downward for most regions and countries, driven by shocks to both demand and supply and sharp declines in the circulation of goods, services, people and capital. The economic fallout is estimated to increase the poverty headcount at $05.50 per day by as many as a half-billion people, eight percent of the world’s population. This would reverse a decade of global progress in reducing poverty and in some regions the adverse impacts could result in poverty levels, similar to those 30 years ago. The pandemic has starkly exposed economic inequalities, especially, in countries with fragile social protection systems, where vulnerable groups bear the brunt of the crisis. The pandemic has, also, highlighted stark inequalities in wealthier countries with previously better-funded social protection. People living in poverty are more likely to have health complications, live in crowded or poor-quality housing and lack the resources to stay at home for long periods or follow hygiene recommendations.

And low-paid jobs force them to choose between risking their health or losing their income. To remain afloat, people need large, timely and targeted fiscal support, that addresses the multiple axes of inequality and discrimination. Human Rights Watch is, particularly, concerned about the pandemic’s impact on the economic and social rights of those, already, in precarious economic situations, who are, often, more exposed to financial shocks because of socio-economic inequalities and discrimination.

This question-and-answer document examines how to ensure that the right to an adequate standard of living, among other human rights standards, is at the centre of the economic response to Covid-19. It summarises several types of government responses and provides recommendations for governments and financial institutions for immediate to short-term, medium-term and longer-term measures to help mitigate human rights risks, posed by the pandemic and containment measures.

::: Human Rights Standards: What Is the Human Right to an Adequate Standard of Living :::

::: Under international human rights law, governments have an obligation to ensure people’s right to an adequate standard of living, so that everyone enjoys the rights, necessary to live in dignity, including, the rights to adequate food and nutrition, health and well-being, water and sanitation and housing. Countries need to ensure equal access to these rights for all, without discrimination on grounds, such as , gender, race or ethnicity, age or disability.

The right is set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: UDHR: Article 25:1: ‘’Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.’’

It is further developed in Article 11 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights:ICESCR. The United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights has issued several General Comments, explaining the components of this right, including, the right to adequate housing, General Comments Four and Seven, food, General Comment 12, water, General Comment 15, as well as, social security, General Comment 19. Through these General Comments, the Committee elaborates on criteria to fulfil these rights and provides the most comprehensive interpretation of these rights under international law. The right to health has been included in a number of human rights treaties; the main ones are Article 25 UDHR and Article 12 ICECSR.

::: Are Governments Obligated to Provide Social Protection or Social Security :::

::: Yes. Under human rights law, the government is legally obligated to establish social protection systems. The terms social security and social protection are used interchangeably to refer to in-cash or in-kind benefits to provide protection in case of social risks and needs. This duty to provide social protection flows directly from the right to social security, which is articulated in Article 25 of the UDHR and in Article Nine of the ICESCR. In General Comment No. 19 on the right to social security, the ICESCR spells out the key features of this right and the content of countries’ obligations. The committee says that the right to social security implies two predominant categories of measures: social insurance schemes, for which beneficiaries have contributed financially; and social assistance schemes, non-contributory and typically taxation-funded measures to transfer resources to groups deemed eligible due to vulnerability or deprivation.

Social protection measures secure protection against lack of work-related income or insufficient income, caused by sickness, disability, maternity, employment injury, unemployment, old age, death of a family member or general poverty and social exclusion, among other things. Social protection measures include cash transfer schemes, unemployment or disability benefits, social pensions, food assistance, or subsidized services.

Governments must ensure that social protection is equally available to everyone, and must direct their attention to ensuring universal coverage; reasonable, proportionate and transparent eligibility criteria; affordability and physical accessibility for beneficiaries; access to information about the provision of benefits; and participation by potential beneficiaries in the administration of these services. Governments need to ensure that there is no discriminatory exclusion from social security and other forms of social protection.

::: What Are Countries’ ‘Minimum Core Obligations :::

UN treaty bodies have set out minimum core obligations on countries, meaning the basic rights they should ensure at all times, for everyone. Within the right to an adequate standard of living, core obligations include ensuring access to the minimum essential nutritionally adequate and safe food and freedom from hunger; to basic shelter, housing and sanitation; an adequate supply of safe drinking water; and social protection, that provides a minimum essential level of benefits.

International law does not require any particular method to ensure everyone has a decent standard of living. Governments may directly provide essentials, such as, food and water; ensure that essentials are available and affordable; and ensure that everyone has sufficient income for adequate food, housing and other essentials. This can, also, be achieved through respecting the related rights of everyone to social security and to wages sufficient to provide a decent living for workers, a so-called living wage.

Countries with limited resources still have an obligation to ensure an adequate standard of living. Even, in times of crisis, governments are required to make every effort to meet these obligations with existing resources, including, international assistance and allocate them in the way, that maximises respect for human rights, including, taking into account the precarious situation of disadvantaged and marginalised individuals or groups.

::: What Does ‘Progressive Realisation’ Mean in This Context :::

In addition to the minimum core obligations on governments, Article 11:1 of the ICESCR says that they are obliged to ensure for everyone the ‘continuous improvement of living conditions’. Article Two of the ICESCR requires governments to use the maximum available resources to achieve progressively the “full realisation’ of all the rights in the covenant.

::: How Does Covid-19 Affect the Right to an Adequate Standard of Living :::

Covid-19 reinforced the relevance of the right to an adequate standard of living. The impact of the pandemic has been felt, particularly, hard in situations in which the right had not previously been guaranteed. People without adequate housing are at higher risk of contracting highly communicable diseases like Covid-19 due to their lack of capacity to follow hygiene recommendations or social distancing. People living on the streets, in shelters or overcrowded informal settlements are, particularly, vulnerable to an outbreak. Globally, before the pandemic, over a billion people lived in informal settlements and an estimated 150 million people or about 02% of the world’s population, were homeless.

Similarly, the lack of safe drinking water and sanitation at home, work or in healthcare settings make preventive measures difficult and could harm fulfilment of the right to an adequate living standard. In some cases, inadequate water and sanitation itself may be a locus for the spread of the disease. About 780 million people around the world lack access to an improved water source, which, by nature of its construction, adequately protects the water from outside contamination, and 02.5 billion lack access to proper sanitation. In metropolitan Harare, Zimbabwe’s capital, half the population has undependable access to safe drinking water in their homes. And in Venezuela, handwashing is difficult, even, for healthcare providers, who, often, lack soap and disinfectants.

::: Section 2: Government Relief in the Immediate Medium and Long Term :::

Human Rights Watch reviewed government responses in about a dozen countries, analysing aspects, such as, income support, paid sick leave, food assistance and other measures. In many cases, governments had taken some important steps but, they have not been sufficient or adequately targeted to support workers, who lost jobs or income, especially, in the informal economy. Despite massive liquidity injections from central banks and huge financial support packages, many low-income people remain unable to afford necessities, such as, rent, utilities and food.

::: What Are Some of the Concerns With Government Responses :::

In Lebanon, where the spread of Covid-19 compounded the economic crisis, that has been roiling the country since 2019, the government announced plans to provide food assistance, that did not materialise and financial aid, that was significantly delayed and insufficient to provide for families’ basic needs. The economic hardship has reignited widespread protests.

In Uganda, food assistance was planned for 01.5 million people, though more than ninr million Ugandans live in poverty. Assistance has been restricted to specific urban areas, leaving the rest of the country without support. Economic relief has been similarly inadequate in Nigeria, the biggest economy in Africa, where only a small share of those living in poverty have received assistance. An emergency stimulus bill, passed by Nigeria’s House of Representatives but not yet approved by the Senate, would provide support only to employers in the formal sector, though, more than 80 percent of the country’s workers are in the informal sector.

In Kenya, the government promised about $02.8 million in emergency funds for those in need. It is unclear, who has received this support and what criteria have been used to identify those in need.

In India, the government’s economic package did not sufficiently address the needs of migrant workers and workers in the informal economy, many of them women. In the US, relief packages, such as, the CARES Act and the Families First Coronavirus Response Act are largely temporary fixes and exclude informal and undocumented taxpaying workers, while billions of dollars were provided to large companies without sufficient public oversight or restrictions.

::: How Can Social and Economic Assistance in the Immediate to Short-term Protect Livelihoods :::

There are several policy responses governments could follow to, immediately, assist all those, who need support. Particularly, in countries with low and middle income, hard-hit sectors have a high share of workers in informal employment and with limited access to health services and social protection. Assistance can take the form of expanding coverage and benefits in existing social protection programs and or introducing new protection to those not sufficiently covered by existing programs, which should be developed in consultation with a wide range of civil society groups. This could include easing eligibility requirements and expanding unemployment insurance and other social protection programmes, employment subsidies, temporary tax breaks and deferrals for low-income households and credit guarantees.

Social and economic assistance should be directed toward those at greatest economic risk due to Covid-19. This support should include informal and undocumented workers, including, domestic workers, migrant farmworkers, street vendors and sex workers, a large proportion of whom are women, people of colour, LGBT people and immigrants. Informal and undocumented workers are most at risk of falling into poverty and it is important to protect their livelihoods. Their exclusion from social protections, often, violates their right to social security enshrined in international human rights law.

Plans to reach vulnerable groups should be developed in consultation with civil society groups, including, community-based organisations, with experience serving diverse groups of people living in poverty. Governments should, also, clearly communicate their economic relief plans to the public and clarify eligibility, timelines and procedures.

::: What Should Governments Do to Protect People From Losing Their Homes and Other Basic Services :::

::: Governments need to ensure that people do not lose access to adequate housing and implement measures, such as, legislative, administrative, policy or spending priorities, to prevent homelessness, especially, for those, who are economically and socially at-risk. These can include direct financial assistance for or deferral of rental and mortgage payments; moratoriums on evictions due to arrears; rental stabilisation or reduction measures; and suspending utility costs and cut-offs for inability to pay and debt collection. Suspension or grace periods should include reasonable measures to ensure that people can pay accumulated outstanding balances.

Governments could, also, delay or cancel for a given time period taxes or contributions, that negatively affect people’s rights and use tax cuts and subsidies for or direct provision of, basic commodities, such as, food, that are affected by price increases.

Countries should, also, consider supporting those, facing accumulated debt, who otherwise would have to give up essential services because they have lost their jobs, have to stop work because of illness or see their pay checks cut and are struggling to pay mortgages and other loans and utility and medical bills. Countries should, also, consider restricting negative credit reporting during the pandemic and for a period of time after. Negative credit reports can follow and affect an individual’s ability to get credit, jobs and housing for many years.

::: What About the Accessibility and Affordability of Care :::

Governments should ensure that testing and any treatment or vaccines developed for Covid-19 are affordable and accessible to everyone, while, also, ensuring that hospitals and healthcare providers have the resources needed to provide care. In many countries in sub-saharan Africa, the lack of investment in health makes it difficult to monitor new cases and to provide sufficient testing and treatment. But, even, in countries with sufficient resources, people may delay or not seek treatment, if, services are not affordable. In the United States, more than 137 million people faced financial hardship because of their medical bills, even, before the pandemic and medical issues contribute to two-thirds of bankruptcies. The right to the highest attainable standard of health includes affordable care and access to health facilities for all on an equal basis to prevent, treat and control epidemic diseases.

Other forms of essential health care, including, sexual and reproductive health care, also, need to continue and remain physically and financially accessible throughout the pandemic. In Uganda, the combined ban on public and private transport and a scarcity of public ambulances cost the lives of several women in labour. Many older people and people with disabilities rely on uninterrupted home and community services and support. Public agencies, community organisations, healthcare providers and other essential service providers need to be able to continue performing essential functions to meet their needs. Government strategies should minimise disruption in services and develop contingent sources for comparable services. Disruption of community-based services can result in the institutionalisation of persons with disabilities and older people, which can lead to negative health impacts.

::: How Should Governments Provide Assistance to Businesses :::

Providing businesses with financial support to weather the economic impacts of the crisis is important. And tying financial support to businesses with protection for workers can reduce unemployment and sudden losses of income, which can help sustain an adequate standard of living for workers. Assistance should go to both formal and informal businesses, especially, people, who work on their own, many of them women and people with disabilities and small and medium size enterprises.

Meaningful oversight is needed to ensure that funds are not misspent and are appropriately used to protect workers. Governments can require businesses, that receive financial support to maintain payroll and other commitments to workers, including, sub-contracted workers and where labour rights protections are lacking, ensure that every worker has paid sick and family leave, occupational health and safety and where applicable, childcare, health insurance, and other protection measures.

Bailouts could be conditional on firms paying their taxes, keeping workers on their payroll, paying them a living wage and continuing benefits like health insurance in countries where that is a key employment benefit, and providing safe workplaces and personal protective equipment as recommended.

::: What Steps Should Governments Take to Ensure Transparency Oversight and Accountability of Relief Funds :::

Emergency funding is, especially, vulnerable to corruption and misuse because of the urgency and scale of government spending and the underlying emergency situation can overwhelm or hinder oversight, allowing powerful actors to take advantage of the crisis for their own benefit. To prevent corruption or misuse, governments should restrict, who, may, benefit from funds to avoid conflicts of interest, ensure that all spending is transparent, appoint independent auditors to oversee spending decisions and hold people accountable where appropriate.

Conflict-of-interest restrictions should prevent senior government officials or their close relatives, from personally profiting from loans, grants or public contracts channelled through companies in which they have significant stakes. Governments should make public the amount they spend on various programmes and major beneficiaries of funds. They should, also, publish procurement processes, including, the names of companies awarded public contracts and their beneficial owners. With rare exceptions, all procurement processes should be competitive and final delivery of goods should be verified.

Governments should appoint independent auditors or inspectors general to oversee emergency funding and their reports should be made public. All credible evidence of corruption or misuse should be promptly investigated and those found responsible should be held accountable.

::: What Should Governments Do in the Medium and Long-term :::

The pandemic has exposed structural social and economic inequalities and vast holes in social protection. While immediate support is important, medium and long-term targeted support will be needed. As countries are starting to ease lockdown restrictions and let moratoriums protecting low-income tenants and homeowners lapse, economic recovery, that benefits everyone will depend on improved social protection and broad-based fiscal support. This includes public investment in health care, social protection and infrastructure. Recovery plans should take into account ways in which some groups have suffered more than others during the pandemic and work to ensure that economic recovery seeks to correct the inequities, that led to disparities in the first place. The following aspects are, particularly, important:

::: Set up more expansive and inclusive social protection measures, ensuring everyone’s right to social security. Entitlement to social protection is, often, conditional on participation in the formal labour market, putting it beyond some people’s reach. Countries have temporarily extended social protection to varying degrees and have taken first steps toward universal coverage.

In the United States, for example, unemployment benefits were extended to many workers previously ineligible for such protections, including, those working in the ‘gig’ economy or people, who provide home care or domestic work. For the first four months of the pandemic, benefits were made more generous, so that those, who lost work received $600 per week in addition to any amount to which they are eligible under state law.

In the Philippines, conditions for access to cash transfers have been waived and new programmes have been introduced, which quadrupled social protection coverage from pre-Covid-19 levels. Making some of these temporary life-lines permanent can provide better financial security for people during future economic uncertainty.

Social and economic support, including, childcare and paid sick and family leave, should reach all essential workers as part of medium to long-term measures and recovery. Such support is, especially, necessary to ensure the health and well-being of essential workers.

Spend on protecting economic rights instead of abusive austerity. Supporting the recovery with fiscal tools while managing higher government debt levels is a delicate balancing act. The pandemic and its economic fallout, along with policy responses, have contributed to a major increase in fiscal deficits and government debt ratios. As countries ease restrictions and enter the recovery phase, they should consider progressive taxation and strengthen public institutions rather than pursuing austerity measures. 

The experiences of various countries following the 2008 financial crisis have shown that many austerity policies entrenched inequalities and harmed fulfilment of an adequate standard of living. The economically vulnerable were hit the hardest as social protection systems were weakened, jeopardising a country’s ability to adequately respond to human rights obligations. In the UK, researchers have related austerity to an increase in homelessness, the number of people in poverty and food insecurity. Countries should learn from these results, with progressive public spending on health and social protection replacing austerity policies.

Some countries have introduced temporary measures to find housing for those, who are homeless or lack adequate housing. These have been very successful but risk being reversed. As governments end emergency measures and let moratoriums on evictions and foreclosures lapse, they should create programmes to guarantee everyone’s right to adequate housing, address and prevent homelessness and protect people from unfair evictions.

Improve tax collection and consider progressive taxes. To ensure adequate funding for progressive spending, governments should improve tax enforcement and collection practices. Countries should review whether rates are equitable and appropriate to generate necessary resources to assess whether they should reinstate or impose new progressive taxes. Property owners or landlords, who have waived rent or entered rent agreements in which the landlord bears the economic brunt could be considered tax exempt for the time of the waiver or special rental agreement.

Ensure equitable access to re-entry to employment. After the 2008 financial crisis, most of the jobs, that were lost permanently were low-income jobs. Older workers, especially, older women and minorities, were least likely to be rehired. Governments should develop strategies to ensure full employment and wage growth so that low-income workers are not disproportionally harmed in the long run. This could be done via public employment programmes, specifically, for sectors with unemployment rates, that are substantially higher than the average and with large concentrations of low-income workers.

Enshrine the right to an adequate standard of living in law. Countries need to give an effective remedy to those denied an adequate standard of living. A key element of the right is ensuring that everyone has sufficient income to be able to afford an adequate standard of living. This can be done through various routes, including: i: social security, ii: living wage or iii: guaranteed minimum income.

::: Section Three: International Assistance :::

::: How Are International Financial Institutions Supporting Countries to Meet their Human Rights Obligations :::

::: International assistance is crucial for protecting livelihoods and economies, especially, in countries with fewer resources. The World Bank Group has provided a S$14 billion package of fast-track financing to assist companies and countries to respond quickly to Covid-19. The package includes support for public health preparedness, as well as, support to private companies struggling with disruptions in supply chains. The World Bank Group noted that it ‘is prepared to deploy up to $160 billion over the next 15 months to support Covid-19 measures, that will help countries respond to immediate health consequences of the pandemic and bolster economic recovery’.

Other financial institutions, providing development assistance, both multi-lateral and bilateral, have committed over $90 billion in response to the pandemic. In addition to providing policy advice and technical assistance, the International Monetary Fund:IMF has doubled its emergency fund to meet expected demand of about $100 billion. Over 100 countries have already requested emergency assistance from the IMF, the highest number in its 75-year history. Unlike the Fund’s standard programmes, emergency funds are generally disbursed in lump sums, with limited, if any, transparency, conditions or reviews. The IMF is, also, providing a six-month debt service relief to 25 of the ‘poorest and most vulnerable countries ’to help them utilise their resources for medical and other relief efforts.

While the rapid response by international financial institutions is important, the human rights implications of the financial assistance are not clear. There are gaps in transparency and accountability requirements. In many cases financial support is going to countries with poor human rights records. This raises concern that the financial assistance provided will not reach those most in need.

::: What Should international Financial Institutions Do to Ensure That Assistance Reaches Those in Need :::

Funding and support from international financial institutions for the Covid-19 response and during the economic recovery period should respect human rights and should lead to opportunities for all, especially, for those, who are most in need and at-risk. Their funds should support socio-economic programmes like social protection floors, minimum basic incomes, adequate housing protections and fiscal policies, that address rising poverty and inequality and should be targeted to previously marginalised groups, including, women. They should ensure that Covid-19 related responses do not redirect resources from financial commitments and support, that had been earmarked for ‘vulnerable’ populations prior to the pandemic.

As countries enter the recovery phase, international financial institutions should depart from the dogmas of austerity and instead encourage public spending in health and social protection to safeguard the rights of those most at risk, thus, ensuring greater societal resilience in the event of a second wave of Covid-19 or a future public health crisis. They should prioritise strengthening public institutions to support services, that promote health and universal access to essential services.

::: What Should International Financial Institutions Do to Increase Oversight and Uphold Safeguards Transparency and Accountability :::

To reach those most in need and keep the country’s elite from taking the money, international financial institutions should publish all information, related to support programmes as soon as possible. They should, also, make clear both in private meetings with governments and through high-level public statements, that they will only support governments that demonstrate continued commitment to good governance.

Governments should make all information about how emergency relief funds are spent available to internal auditors and to independent auditors. Priority should be given to critical areas such as health, public procurement, infrastructure and social security expenditures.

Human Rights Watch is a member of the Coalition for Human Rights in Development, a global coalition of 98 social movements, grassroots groups and civil society organisations, advocating nationally and internationally for development, that respects human rights and is community-led. Together with our coalition partners, we have urged international financial institutions to:


::: uphold human rights standards, including, through enforcement of social and environmental safeguards;

::: adopt heightened transparency and accountability standards, with concerted effort to provide updates to fill existing gaps in information on an ongoing basis and timely translations of project documents into national and local languages of affected communities;

::: assess anticipated human rights risks and document heightened environmental, social, inequality, and violence risks in countries’ management plans during the Covid-19 pandemic;

::: indicate clearly and systematically, which new projects are Covid-19 crisis related and, also, when existing projects are being repurposed to respond to the pandemic and its impacts; and

::: monitor for corrupt practices at a level commensurate with the heightened risk of misuse and misappropriation of funds in crises.

Human Rights Watch and 43 other organisations, also, wrote to the International Finance Corporation:IFC, urging it to take a series of steps to help its clients avoid, minimise or revisit retrenchment decisions and to align with IFC Performance Standards and international labour and human rights standards. The organisations urged the IFC to build upon its interim advice with binding steps and monitoring to promote paid sick and family leave, job protection, employer-provided childcare and health care, occupational health and safety, and non-discriminatory retrenchment, in the event this is needed.

The organisations, also, urged the IFC to follow and build on the good practice of the World Bank and create a dedicated website to publish information about all clients, receiving IFC Covid-19 response financing either directly or through financial intermediaries, and those clients, that are substantially revising their projects in response to Covid-19.

Human Rights Watch and nearly 100 other human rights and anti-corruption organisations have urged the IMF to mitigate risks, such as, hidden contracts, overpricing and collusion, governments should be provided with support and commit, at a minimum, to:

::: publish all public contracts;

 ::: use open and competitive bidding and strictly limit the use of emergency non-competitive processes;

::: publish the names and beneficial ownership information of companies awarded contracts; and

::: empower anti-monopoly agencies, where they exist, to monitor market conditions in critical sectors to avoid collusion or overpricing.

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Capitalism’s Olden Politics the Olden Political Philosophy and the Olden Political Economics Are All Dead and They Are Wrapped Around the Neck of All Humanity as an Infinite Albatross: It Is Time to Discard These Dead Lots Out and Create Something Infinitely Better to Serve All Humanity Liberty and Equality



|| Monday: June 01: 2020: Munayem Mayenin || ά. ||  || ά. Dear Reader, due to being infected by COVID-19, following which came Pneumonia and following which there came further complications, all of which threatened existence and all that, in addition to all the sufferings, has cost Regine Group of Publications to lose, almost, three months’ worth of publication. And we resume today with the beginning of summer and very much hope to keep on doing our job: to bring forth the challenge to capitalism and the need for humanity to see past capitalism, which has reached its end and this pandemic has laid bare its absolute inability to offer a sustainable system of economics. The olden politics, the olden political philosophy and the olden political economics are all dead and they are wrapped around the neck of all humanity as an infinite Albatross and none of the existing political forces or parties will or can do anything to change anything because they all subscribe to this dead old thing with infinite loyalty. Our loyalty is for, to and with the dispossessed of the world and we shall keep on going speaking for this dispossessed majority of the entire humanity.

The future of humanity depends on humanity rising to reject this whole dead lot of olden things and work to bring about monumental and seismic change to lead humanity to liberty and equality in new system of economics and public affairs management system, that not only establish liberty and equality for all but, also, re-humanise, re-enfranchise and re-empower humanity so that they exist in real and measurable liberty and equality with all the powers residing in the people and through exercising that natural powers all humanity, all individuals as being their own High-Representatives organise, shape, construct, develop and run all the institutions they need by themselves so that powers reside only in nature and not in bodies of any kind; bodies exist because people direct and lead them to exist they way they want them to exist through the mechanism and rule of law and not by any elite groups or parties etc.

We resume publication of both our titles with the summer and we shall forever remain rooted in the spring for we sincerely and whole heartedly believe: ‘’Hope is the seed, sign and science of progress.’’ As America burns and agonises in righteous anger, fury and rejection of the evils of injustice through the bleeding wounds of a combination of inequality, injustice, poverty, lawlessness and desperate devaluation, contempt and disregard to the sanctity of human lives, that are ‘poor’ or dispossessed, these evils of all kinds, including, self-loathing or what others call racism and a fragmented society, that not only does not do anything to change this sorry and evil state of things but, also, allows and tolerate it to keep on lingering, festering, spreading and getting worse, the world over the same disposed and the disempowered or all the dispossessed have been let out onto the street to fend for themselves while the rich are getting all the support bonanza they can get and there’s no political force willing or able or equipped to stand and fight for them.  

This unforeseeable emergence, arrival and spread of this pandemic and the vast number of deaths, sufferings, hardships, sorrows and economic, social and cultural damages make the world and world humanity weaker where as our existential problems, such as, global warming, climate change, air and marine pollution and the environmental abuse, toxification and degradation and the dangerous level, degree and speed of bio-diversity loss, as well as, capitalism’s very unsustainability, all its high-cruelties, high-barbarities and high-brutalities remain here and they are not going to go away. Weaker may the world and world humanity have been made by this pandemic but we are made much more desperate to act now and act with decisively clarity, resolve, determination, speed, urgency and immediacy.  

The youth of this humanity across the world need to grasp the vision of the future and venture out and onto this new path to bring an end to this monstrosity, called, capitalism and begin to architecture a new world, new world humanity for do not look into the olden rotten status-quo; they are incapable of leading to anything or any place better than what they have dug themselves into thick or thin with rigid, dogmatic and absolute loyalty till death. It is up to the youth of this humanity where the hope and optimism reside. Do not waste your time seeking to work as some form of ‘pressure groups’, courting meeting with leaders of parties and forces, that would like you to keep on doing that so that they get the photo opportunities. Plastic surgery won’t resolve the infinite ugliness and horror and obnoxious features of this thing, called, capitalism. A beast can not be transformed into a human being. Monstrosity, evils must be fought and defeated and discarded away so that humanity can build, create and architecture by reason, by the infinite imagination, ingenuity and creativity to begin again: ending our sorry human condition of being transformed into dehumanised zoohumanity and, once again, seek to become and remain humanity naturale: at liberty and in equality at all times under the rule of law in natural justice. The youth of the world: it is time you take it up: the choice, that is he choice before you and stand up and get to the street and claim the future today. For the olden lots are not going to do that because they are incapable of doing so.  

And, we would like to thank every soul, that sent us mails, wishing us well or wondering whether we were still here! The last email, sent by some soul, when we were literally at death’s door and, was, even, unable to see their message for some days. Thank you. We are still here and we remain thankful for this being here among you all. ‘’Hope is the seed, sign and science of progress.’’ Just beyond the summer, we hope things will get better and we shall see you all at the VIII London Poetry Festival 2020: October 14-15 where we shall launch our latest title, The Humanion Larnaarch, the Research Journal. Stay well and safe and, regardless of the social distancing, stay together in spirit for we are here, all connected to the invisible ecology of what we are: humanity, we are one and we are an infinity unfolding itself.


Read The Letter to The Reader: The New Emergency Economics Protocol: Munayem Mayenin


Have You Heard About The Humanical Building-Block Foundational Human Rights

Once Brought Into Existence These Humanical Rights Will End All of Capitalism's High-Cruelties High-Brutalities and High-Barbarities to an End Overnight

A: Absolute Right to Live in Clean, Healthy, Safe and Natural Environment
B: Absolute Right to Breathe Natural, Fresh, Clean and Safe Air
C: Absolute Right to Necessary Nutritional Balanced Food and Drink
D: Absolute Right to Free Medical Care at the Point of Need
E: Absolute Right to an Absolute Home
F: Absolute Right to Free Degree-Level Education and Life Long Learning
G: Absolute Right to Guaranteed Social Care
H: Absolute Right to a Universal Income
I: Absolute Right to a Job
J: Absolute Right to Dignified Civic and Human Funeral Paid Through by Universal Income

Humanics: The Philosophy and Vision of Humanics Are Built Through the Following Body of Work

Humanics Because Capitalism Is A Dying World View and A Rotten and Rotting Killing Mechanism That Can Not Be Sustained

The Body of Works of Humanics Arises Out of the Philosophical Works of Munayem Mayenin: Humanics Does Not Believe in Ownership Nor Does It Believe in Money: Regine Humanics  Foundation Ltd, Is, in Humanical Terms, a Human Enterprise, Registered as a Not For Profit Social Enterprise and It Exists to Take Forward the Philosophy and Vision of Humanics

|| The Humanics Elleesium Declaration 2019 The Humanicsxian Manifesto || Dehumanisation of Humanity: Volume I  || Humanics The Foundation: Volume I || Humanics The Humanicsonomics: Pseudonomics Its Laws and Lawlessness: Volume II || Humanics The Humanicsovics The Political Philosophy of Humanics: Volume III ||

As of Yet Unpublished Works: || Psychology of Zoohuman || Alphansum Sovereign Necessarius || Humanical Jurisprudence || Sociology of Evil || Economics of Squalors: The High-Cruelties High-Brutalities and High-Barbarities of Capitalism || Humanical Moral Science || Social Morality Or Good State || Humanical Civilisation: A Universal Grid of Humanical Societies || Colossus Complexus: Eternally Learning Humanity ||

|| Humanics || Humanical Sociology || Humanical Jurisprudence || Humanical Moral Science || Humanical Philosophy || Humanical Political Philosophy: Humanicsovics || Humanical Political Economics: Humanicsonomics || Humanical Psychology || Humanical Society || Humanical Civilisation