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First Published: September 24: 2015

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Global Warming and Climate Change


I Question Therefore I Learn

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Global Warming and Climate Change

The Definitive Existential Threat to the Web and Ecology of Life on Earth


Mother Earth



Ecology is Not What is Out There, Irrelevant, Far Away, Remote, Outside and Beyond Us But Our Home: If, We Let It Become Devastated Ruins We Let Ourselves Live and Suffer in This Devastation, as Well as, Ruining and Devastating the Entire Web and Ecology of Life. We Can Not Live Well, If, We Do Not Seek to Ensure Everything Lives Well for These Dolphins Can Not Live Well, If, the Oceans are Poisoned. As an Individual Human Soul, a Human Can Not Exist Well, If, the Entire Society is Poisonous or the Earth is Poisoned with Polluted Air or Water. Therefore, Selfishness is Anti-Existence, Anti-Humanity, Anti-Nature, Anti-Life, Anti-Science and Anti-Reason. Commonness, Connections, Oneness and Unison in Goal, Work and Creation is What Humanity is About. If, We Need Support for This View Just Bring in Mind the Human Physiology and See How It All Works in Oneness and Unison So to Ensure Existence is Not Only Sustainable But, Also, Being at Homeostasis, It is Ensured to Continue to Flow.....a Humanicsxian View of the Web and Ecology of Life on Earth: Munayem Mayenin

This Is the Only Mother We Have on This Entire Universana: Save Mother Earth


|| Climate Change Is Reducing Global River Water Quality and Droughts and Heat-Waves Are Increasing Salinity Acidification and Higher Concentrations of Pollutants in Water ||


|| Thursday: September 21: 2023 || ά. A review of, almost 1,000 studies on the effects of climate change and extreme weather events on rivers around the world, has found an overall negative effect on water quality in rivers globally. Multi-decadal climate change was shown to have increased water temperatures and algae levels in 56% of studies, which is partly responsible for a general decrease in dissolved oxygen concentrations in river water.

An international team of experts, including scientists from the University of Adelaide and led by Utrecht University in the Netherlands, reviewed 965 studies, sourced from every continent, conducted between 2000 and 2022. The review, also, found droughts and heat-waves led to increased salinity and higher concentrations of pollutants, such as, pharmaceuticals. “The severe effects climate change is already having on water quality globally are very concerning. Previous climate change predictions flagged this, but unfortunately, we are now seeing these extreme events play out across the world.”Ssaid Associate Professor Luke Mosley, who participated in the research.

“Rivers are intrinsically important eco-systems but, also, provide key water sources for drinking water and agriculture. Poor quality water can result in the river water being unsuitable for these uses.” Some of the Australian data reviewed included studies, led by Professor Mosley during the Millennium Drought, between 2007 and 2020.

During this time, the River Murray and Lower Lakes were at unprecedented low levels and suffered poor water quality, including extreme salinisation and acidification. Extreme ecological impacts, such as, the Lower Darling River fish killed in 2019 are a further example of the consequences of poor water quality.

Dr Michelle Van Vliet of Utrecht University, who led the research, wants to see more data on water quality collected in non-western countries. “Most water quality studies now focus on rivers and streams in North America and Europe. We need a better monitoring of water quality in Africa and Asia.” said Dr Van Vliet.

Although, the research, published in Nature Reviews Earth and Environment, paints a dire picture of the deleterious influence of climate change around the world, Professor Mosley is hopeful that the decades-spanning view of these impacts, provided by the research team’s work, will lead to the development of new systems of water management.

“Our findings stress the need to improve understanding of the complex hydroclimatic–geographic–human driver feedbacks and to develop technologies and water quality frameworks, that support the design of robust water quality management strategies under increasing hydroclimatic extremes.” Professor Mosley said.

It is hoped this research will spur increasing additional effort and collaboration globally to understand extreme water quality effects. Governments and other policy makers should take note of the findings and consider contingency plans and strategies to try to minimise water quality risks.” ::::ω::::

|| Readmore at || || 220923 ||






|| Global Collaboration to Accelerate Clean Energy Innovation ||


|| Tuesday: September 19: 2023 || ά. UK, with the US, Canada and Australia, has invested £61 million in the US National Science Foundation’s Global Centres on clean energy and climate change. Global Centres on clean energy and climate changeis an ambitious, novel clean energy and climate change programme, being delivered by UK Research and Innovation:UKRI in conjunction with like-minded international funders.

Led by the US National Science Foundation:NSF, the initiative is funding international, inter-disciplinary collaborative research on use-inspired themes in clean energy and climate change. It is, also, creating an eco-system of global centres, generating out-comes and solutions, that have clear benefits for society in the current efforts to tackle the climate crisis. The Global Centres will conduct innovative research to tackle hard-to-decarbonise sectors across the UK economy, accelerating transformative socio-economic and technological innovation and driving the energy transition to reach the UK’s net zero targets by 2050.

Through this programme, UK continues to lead in what is now a truly global scientific effort to address climate change. UK funding includes support for projects, innovating the production of greener fuels and supplying cleaner power. Dame Ottoline Leyser, CEO of UKRI, said, ‘’UKRI’s Building a Green Future Programme aims to harness the power of research and innovation to tackle hard-to-decarbonise sectors in our economy. We are excited to be partnering with our sister organisations in the US, Canada and Australia to accelerate progress toward this crucial goal.

Our combined investment in Global Centres enables exciting researcher and innovation-led international and inter-disciplinary collaboration to drive the energy transition. I look forward to seeing the creative solutions developed through these global collaborations.’’

The UK investment of £18 million is across four projects in track one of the Global Centres programme. Funding is provided through UKRI’s Building a Green Future fund and International Science Partnerships Fund.

The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and Social Science and Humanities Research Council, Canada, and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Australia, are, also, investing in the centres.

Global Hydrogen Production Technologies:HyPT Centre: This quadrilateral partnership involves partners in the US, Canada, UK and Australia. UK consortia is led by Cranfield University and includes the following universities:     Newcastle University, University of Cambridge, Imperial College London,    University of Birmingham.

This Global Centre will provide broad coverage of all major technologies for net-zero hydrogen production to de-risk the global challenge of cost reduction and scale-up. The Centre has integrated research, spanning from materials and devices to systems and applications.

Electric Power Innovation for a Carbon-Free Society:EPICS:  UK involvement in this Global Centres is led by Imperial College London, with University of Edinburgh, Newcastle University and University of Strathclyde.

This Global Centre involves partners in the US, UK and Australia. It will provide answers into the innovation and changes needed in today’s power grid management and institutions to meet demand for a grid with 100% renewable energy, that is sustainable, affordable, reliable and resilient.

Global Nitrogen Innovation Centre for Clean Energy and the Environment:NICCEE: This is a trilateral partnership between Canada, US and UK, with the UK represented through Rothamsted Research. This Global Centre will respond to the challenges and opportunities surrounding green ammonia. It will, also, enable and accelerate transformative socio-economic and technological innovation for sustainable and climate-smart nitrogen management with use-inspired and data-driven approaches.

Clean Energy and Equitable Transportation Solutions: UK involvement in this Global Centre is led by the University of Birmingham with Cardiff University. This Global Centre will bring together climate, energy, data science and transportation experts to advance inter-disciplinary research and education. It will, also, accelerate equitable use-inspired decarbonised road transportation pathways via partnerships with government, private sector, industry and end-user communities. ::::ω::::

|| Readmore at || ||  200923 ||





|| African Children Are Bearing the Brunt of Climate Change Impacts: Why Would the World Punish Them For Something They Had Nothing to Do With ||



|| Sunday: September 03: 2023 || ά. Children in Africa are among the most at risk from climate change impacts but are being woefully deprived of the financing necessary to help them adapt, survive and respond to the crisis, the UN Children’s Fund:UNICEF has said in a new Report, published on Friday.

The Report was released as leaders prepare to meet for the African Climate Summit, taking place next week in Nairobi, Kenya. Children in 48 of 49 African countries assessed were found to be at high or extremely high risk of the impacts of climate change, based on their exposure and vulnerability to cyclones, heatwaves and other climate and environmental shocks and access to essential services.

Those, living in the Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Guinea, Somalia and Guinea-Bissau are most at risk. Despite this, the Report found only 02.4% of global climate funding targets children, with an average value of just $71 million per year. “It is clear that the youngest members of African society are bearing the brunt of the harsh effects of climate change.” said Lieke van de Wiel, UNICEF Deputy Director for the Eastern and Southern Africa region. “We need to see a stronger focusing of funding towards this group, so they are equipped to face a lifetime of climate-induced disruptions.”

Children are physically less able to withstand and survive hazards, such as, floods, droughts, storms and heatwaves and are physiologically more vulnerable to toxic substances, such as, lead and other forms of pollution. Furthermore, challenges in ensuring access to quality services in areas, such as, health and nutrition; water, sanitation and hygiene and education, heighten their vulnerability.

At the same time, children and young people are instrumental to long-term change and sustainability, the Report said, so they must be part of climate solutions, including policy and financing.  Meanwhile, UNICEF and the UN Environment Programme:UNEP are working together on an increasing number of projects, that show how communities across Africa can become more climate resilient.

A programme run by UNICEF and partners in the Sahel region focused on action across five sectors, including health, nutrition, water, education and protection services. Communities were empowered to mitigate the effects of climate-related weather events and manage residual risks through participatory planning and comprehensive service delivery. 

Furthermore, at least, three million vulnerable people, mostly children, now have access to essential services, especially, during climate-induced disasters. In East Africa, a UNEP programme in Tanzania is working to reduce the damaging impact of sea-level rise on infrastructure through investing in seawalls, relocating boreholes, restoring mangrove forests and building rainwater harvesting systems.

As a result, coastal communities are now better able to withstand rising sea-levels. The programme has also led to health improvements for the population through access to safe, clean water. At the African Climate Summit, taking place on September 04-06, leaders from across the continent will highlight the need to push for increased investment in climate action. Senior UN officials, including Secretary-General Mr António Guterres and the UNEP Executive Director, Ms Inger Andersen, will attend alongside over 20 Heads of States and Governments and other world leaders, who are expected.

It is taking place during Africa Climate Week, an annual event, that brings together representatives from governments, businesses, international organizations and civil society. The Summit represents an unprecedented opportunity to address the increasing impacts of climate change on human mobility in Africa, the International Organisation for Migration:IOM said on Friday.

Last year, more than 07.5 million internal disaster displacements were registered on the continent. IOM cited a 2021 Report, which warned that without efficient and sustained climate action, up to 105 million people in Africa could become internal migrants by the end of this year.

"We have officially entered the era of climate migration.” said IOM Director General-Elect Ms Amy Pope, stressing the need for urgent solutions. At the Africa Climate Summit, IOM will officiate over the signing of the ‘Continental, Kampala Ministerial Declaration on Migration Environment and Climate Change’. :::ω:::

|| Readmore  || ||  040923 ||




|| Global Warming and Climate Change || Rising Seas Will Devastate Coastal Habitats ||



|| Thursday: August 31: 2023 || ά. Research, published today in Nature, warns that rising seas will devastate coastal habitats. The Study uses evidence, that dates back to the last Ice Age. 17,000 years ago, it was possible to walk from Germany to England, from Russia to America, from mainland Australia to Tasmania. Sea levels were about 120 metres lower than today. But, as the last Ice Age ended, the oceans rose quickly, by one metre per century on average.

The new Study, by a global research team, led by Macquarie University, warns that rapid sea-level rise and coastal habitat retreat will happen again, if, the world warms above Paris Agreement targets of 01.5-02°C. The researchers say that key coastal habitats, such as, mangroves, marshes, coral reefs and coral islands, which are essential to protect coastlines, trap carbon, nurture juvenile fish and help sustain millions of coastal residents, are threatened.

The authors, from 17 institutions in Australia, Singapore, Germany, USA, Hong Kong and the UK, report on how these coastal habitats retreated and adapted as the last Ice Age ended and how they are likely to cope with this century’s predicted sea-level rises. “Our research shows these coastal habitats can likely adapt to some degree of rising sea levels but will reach a tipping point beyond sea-level rises triggered by more than 01.5 to 02°C of global warming.” said the Lead Author, coastal wetlands specialist Professor Neil Saintilan, from Sydney’s Macquarie University.

“Without mitigation, relative sea-level rises under current climate change projections will exceed the capacity of coastal habitats, such as, mangroves and tidal marshes to adjust, leading to instability and profound changes to coastal ecosystems.”

Mangroves grow in the tropics, predominantly in south and southeast Asia, northern Australia, equatorial Africa and low-latitude Americas. Coastal marshes grow in inter-tidal zones further away from the equator, most common along the Atlantic shores of North America and Northern Europe.

“Mangroves and tidal marshes act as a buffer between the ocean and the land, they absorb the impact of wave action, prevent erosion and are crucial for bio-diversity of fisheries and coastal plants.” said Professor Saintilan.

“They, also, act as a major sink for carbon, so-called blue carbon, through absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.” Mangroves and tidal marshes have some in-built capacity to adapt to rising seas. They do so by accumulating sediment and moving slowly inland.

“Mangroves and other tidal plants have to get oxygen down to their roots to survive and so that phase of the tide when water drains right out is really important.” Said Professor Saintilan. “When the plants become waterlogged due to higher sea levels, they start to flounder. At Sydney Olympic Park, we’ve seen whole patches of mangroves die when water can’t drain out properly.

“This sort of death would be devastating for many natural mangrove forests across Asia which are restricted in their capacity to retreat from rising seas due to land development and human habitation.”

Co-author Professor Chris Perry, from the University of Exeter, said: “Low-lying coral reef islands are, also, highly vulnerable to rising seas. “This vulnerability is projected to increase as sea-level rise rates exceed 06-07mm per year, and this will have profound consequences for the future habitability of these islands.”

The health of the coral reefs, that surround reef islands are, also, key because these form an ecosystem, that protects the inner, liveable land from the powerful impacts of the open sea.

“Beyond 01.5-02°C of global warming, you’ll start to see these islands disappear when the waves overtop the coral reefs that protect them.” said Co-author Associate Professor Simon Albert, from the University of Queensland.

“In the short term, coastal ecosystems can play a vital role in helping us humans mitigate climate change by taking carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and offering protection against ocean storms but, we’ve got to help them as well.” :::ω:::

|| Readmore  || ||  010923 ||



End Homelessness The Humanion Campaign: Because Right to a Home for Every Human Soul is a Foundational Human Right






A: Absolute Right to Live in Clean, Healthy, Safe and Natural Environment: B: Absolute Right to Breathe Natural, Fresh, Clean and Safe Air: C: Absolute Right to Necessary Nutritional Balanced Food and Drink: D: Absolute Right to Free Medical Care at the Point of Need: E: Absolute Right to an Absolute Home: F: Absolute Right to Free Degree-Level Education and Life Long Learning: G: Absolute Right to Guaranteed Social Care: H: Absolute Right to a Universal Income: I: Absolute Right to a Job: J: Absolute Right to Dignified Civic and Human Funeral Paid Through by Universal Income
Life's Laurel Is You In One-Line-Poetry A Heaven-Bound Propagated Ray Of Light Off The Eye Of The Book Of Life: Love For You Are Only Once