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 First Published: September 24: 2015
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Eastern Hemisphere























The Earth Series East

The East tells me she is half and that to complete my view
I should look to the west seeking out the other half and
That there are other possible views for North and South
And widerscapes for which I need to imagine really high
So to elvision from outside the whole-view into my areal

Munayem Mayenin: November 10, 2015

Eastern Hemisphere Western Hemisphere
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The Poyang Lake: China

Image: Copyright Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2016, processed by ESA

|| September 16: 2016 || ά. Southern China’s Poyang Lake is the largest freshwater lake in the country. Located in Jiangxi province, this lake is an important habitat for migrating Siberian cranes, many of which spend the winter there.

The lake is also home to the endangered finless porpoise, a freshwater mammal known for its high level of intelligence. Amid fears that it would soon become extinct, the porpoise made headlines last year when the Chinese government moved eight of them from Poyang Lake to two secure habitats in an effort to increase the population over the coming years.

One study found that, without action, the current rate of population decrease would likely mean extinction by 2025. For the human population, Poyang is one of China’s most important rice-producing regions, although local inhabitants must contend with massive seasonal changes in water level.

Local scientists collaborating with ESA through the Dragon programme have identified an overall drop in water level in the lake over the last decade, but the El Niño weather phenomenon earlier this year caused precipitation levels to increase and water levels of the lake to rise.

Radar images from the Copernicus Sentinel-01 mission have been used to monitor the evolution of the lake, including this image which combines two radar scans from March 07 and 19. ω.

|| Readmore  || ‽: 170916 || Up ||



What Sentinel Saw: Iran

Released 29.07.2016 10:00 : Copyright Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2016, processed by ESA

|| July 29: 2016 || ά. The Sentinel-2A satellite takes us over to northeastern Iran, the second largest country in the Middle East. A dryland area, most of Iran’s territory is classified as arid and semi-arid, about half of which is characterised by rangeland, barren land and mountains. Visible in the centre of the image and at top left are alluvial fans. These are formed when streams or rivers hit plains and spread out. They represent the distinct pattern of water runoff from the mountains, where the eroded soil, with the help of rain, is carried from the mountain slopes to lower lands.

At top left, resembling brush strokes in a painting, seasonal accumulation of water and various salt minerals is evident in greys and whites. Scattered throughout the image are many agricultural plots, distinct in such an arid and mountainous region, which also features various rocky formations. At the far right, the city of Bajestan is visible, with many agricultural fields around it. It is a city with a population of some 11 000, with saffron and pomegranate its most important products, grown in the various plots on the left.

The shades of red indicate how sensitive the multispectral instrument on Sentinel-2A is to differences in chlorophyll content, providing key information on vegetation health. Various towns or settlements are represented in greys throughout the image.

This false-colour image, also featured on the Earth from Space video programme, was captured by Sentinel-2A on February 22, 2016. The satellite is the first in the two-satellite Sentinel-2 mission for Europe’s Copernicus programme, carrying a wide-swath high-resolution instrument with 13 spectral bands, for a new perspective on our land and vegetation. ω.  


‽: 300716




The Beautiful Forest Where Roams the Royal Baangla Tiger

Shoondorbon, the Beautiful Forest, literally, anglicised as Sundarbans, where the legendary Royal Baangla Tiger,
Royal Bengal Tiger lives: Image Released 15.07.2016: Copyright Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2016, processed by ESA

|| July 15: 2016 || ά. The Sentinel-2A satellite takes us over the very eastern part of the Sundarbans, in Baangla, it is pronounced as Shoondorbon, literally, the Beautiful Forest, where the legendary Royal Baangla or Bengal Tiger lives, in Bangladesh, in this natural-colour image. A region comprising southern Bangladesh and a small part of the Indian state of Poshchim Bongo or West Baangla or West Bengal, the whole area of the Sundarbans incorporates some 10 000 sq km, consisting of mangrove and swamp forests.

The region of the Sundarbans appears in dark shades of green in this image, while the adjacent areas in brighter colours are densely populated and dominated by agriculture. Sundarbans is the world’s largest single chunk of tidal halophytic mangrove forest. Generally, fresh water is required for plants, but these mangrove forests can also thrive in saline water.

Image: ZSL

This area lies on the Bay of Bengal, the Baangla name is, Bongoposhaagor, literally, the Bay of Bongo, the synonym  for Baangla, the world’s largest bay. A number of large rivers, including the Ganges, its tributaries and various other rivers, all flow into its waters, forming the Ganges–Brahmaputra Delta.

The erosional forces of the sea and wind along the coast continuously mould the landscape, together with the huge amounts of silt and other sediments, deposited in the countless estuaries, visible in the water. Distinct throughout the image, the network of these estuaries, tidal rivers and creeks, criss-crossed by numerous channels, enclose flat, densely forested, marshy islands and agricultural plots.

Most of the delta is composed of alluvial soils made up of fine sediment that settles to the bottom as river currents slow in the estuary. The soil has large amounts of minerals and nutrients, ideal for agriculture.

These fertile floodplains host jute, tea and rice – the major crops grown in the Ganges Delta, visible as brighter patches on the land areas in the right part of the image. Fishing is also an important activity, and a major source of food for many of the inhabitants of the various towns, which we can see along the brighter areas.

The Sundarbans National Park, established in 1984 and a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a core region within the Bengal Tiger Reserve. The almost extinct Bengal tiger is the national animal of Bangladesh and is considered the second largest tiger in the world.  ω.  


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Dasht-e Kavir Iran

Released 22/04/2016 10:05 am: Copyright Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data [2016], processed by ESA

|| April 23, 2016 || The swirling landscape of Iran’s salt desert, Dasht-e Kavir, is reminiscent of an abstract painting in this Sentinel-1 image.

With temperatures reaching about 50ºC in the summer, this area sees little precipitation, but runoff from the surrounding mountains creates seasonal lakes and marshes. The high temperatures cause the water to evaporate, leaving behind clays and sand soils with a high concentration of minerals.

The ‘brushstroke’ patterns are geological layers eroded primarily by wind. Iran is one of the world’s most important mineral producers. Earth-observing satellites are useful for finding and monitoring natural resources like minerals.

Along the left side of the image we can see part of an area known as the ‘devil’s dunes’ because it was believed to be haunted by evil spirits. This belief likely originated from its hostile conditions, and the early travellers who did attempt to cross it probably never returned due to starvation or dehydration.

This image combines three scans from Sentinel-1A’s radar on 21 January, 14 February and 9 March 2016. Changes between the acquisitions appear in vibrant bright colours – such as the blues, reds and greens we see primarily on the left half of the image. These areas are salt lakes and the colours show fluctuations in the amount of water present over time.


‽: 240416



The Kashmir Valley, India

NASA image by Jeff Schmaltz, LANCE/EOSDIS Rapid Response. Caption by Adam Voiland, with information from Hiren Jethva and Ritesh Gautam.


March 19, 2016: About 4.5 million years ago, the Kashmir Valley was at the bottom of a large lake, encircled by a ring of rugged mountains. Much of the lake’s water has long since drained away through an outlet channel on the valley’s west side. However, evidence of the lake remains in the bowl-like shape and the clay and sand deposits on the valley floor.

The mountains surrounding Kashmir Valley now trap air a bit like they once trapped water. The high ridges can set up airflow patterns that concentrate smoke and other airborne pollutants near the valley floor, causing outbreaks of haze. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite captured this image of haze in the valley on December 5, 2014.

Haze is most likely to occur when warm, buoyant air moves over cooler, denser air—a situation meteorologists call a temperature inversion.Temperature inversions often develop on winter nights as the surface loses heat and chills the air immediately above. Mountain valleys often strengthen inversions because cold air from mountaintops tends to flow down slopes and push warmer air up from the floor in the process. Snow cover also increases the likelihood of an inversion because snow cools the air near the surface by reflecting much of the Sun’s energy rather than absorbing it. With a temperature inversion in place, air in the valley becomes stagnant; the warm air above it acts like a cap and prevents pollutants from dispersing.

Much of the haze visible in the image likely had its origins in charcoal production or the burning of biomass. Charcoal is widely used to heat homes in the Kashmir Valley in the winter and emits several types of polluting gases and aerosol particles into the atmosphere.

“You can tell this is pollution and not fog or mist by exploring the aerosol data available on Worldview,” explained Hiren Jethva, a NASA atmospheric scientist. “You can see that the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), and the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) picked up a clear aerosol signal over the valley on December 5, as it did on several days in November as well.”


P: 200316



Nurek Dam and Hydroelectric Station in Tajikistan

Image: UN Photo

Nurek Dam and hydroelectric station, the largest dam in Tajikistan, situated in the town of Nurek.

09 June 2015

Nurek, Tajikistan


P: 190116


Dasht-e Lut Salt Desert, Iran

Released 15/11/2013 9:50 am: Copyright ESA

The Dasht-e Lut salt desert in southeast Iran is captured in this Envisat image.

The desert is often called the ‘hottest place on Earth’ as satellites measured record surface temperatures there for several years. The highest land surface temperature ever recorded was in the Lut Desert in 2005 at 70.7ºC, as measured by NASA’s Aqua satellite.

The light area in the centre of the image are the long, parallel wind-carved ridges and furrows. The darker area to the east is an extent of massive sand dunes, some reaching up to 300 m tall.

In the upper-right section we can see a light green, shallow body of water that straddles Iran’s border with Afghanistan. With their arid surroundings, the wetlands in this border region have been a major source of food and fresh water for thousands of years, as well as an important stop for migratory birds. But irrigation expansion combined with droughts have caused the water levels in these wetlands to drop significantly – and some years even dry up.

In the lower-left we can see the white, snow-capped Jebal Barez mountains.

A major earthquake struck about 100 km east of the snow-caps in 2003, its epicentre near the ancient city of Bam (lower-central portion of image). Iran experiences frequent tectonic activity as several major fault lines cross the country.

This image was acquired by Envisat’s MERIS instrument on 2 April 2012 and is also featured on the Earth from Space video programme.


Posted: December 12, 2015


China to Launch Dark Matter Satellite in Mid-December

Orbit Simulation of Double Star Program for Geospace Exploration: Image: CNSA

China National Space Administration CNSA: The Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE) Satellite, developed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), is expected to be launched at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in mid-December.

DAMPE, the first satellite in a CAS space science program, and its carrier Long March 2-D rocket left Shanghai Saturday, heading for Jiuquan in northwest China's Gansu Province.

The satellite and carrier rocket are fully prepared for blast-off after passing the inspection and approval of the CAS.

It will be the 26th mission for the Long March 2-D rocket.

DAMPE is one of the first four scientific satellites employed in the CAS space program. It will observe the direction, energy and electric charge of high-energy particles in space in search of dark matter.
DAMPE will have the widest observation spectrum and highest energy resolution of any dark matter probe in the world.

According to experts, DAMPE is designed for increased payload, with the scientific payload weighing 1,410 kg and the whole satellite weighing 1,850 kg.

The design helps cut down on the size and weight of the satellite and save launching costs.


Posted: December 9, 2015







The Lake Eden Eye





The Window of the Heavens Always Open and Calling: All We Have to Do Is: To Choose to Be Open, Listen and Respond




Imagine a Rose-Boat

Imagine a rose floating like a tiny little boat on this ocean of infinity
And raise your soul-sail on this wee-little boat and go seeking out
All along feed on nothing but the light that you gather only light
Fear shall never fathom you nor greed can tempt nor illusion divert
For Love you are by name by deeds you are love's working-map



Only in the transparent pool of knowledge, chiselled out by the sharp incision of wisdom, is seen the true face of what truth is: That what  beauty paints, that what music sings, that what love makes into a magic. And it is life: a momentary magnificence, a-bloom like a bubble's miniscule exposition, against the spread of this awe-inspiring composition of the the Universe. Only through the path of seeking, learning, asking and developing, only through the vehicles and vesicles of knowledge, only through listening to the endless springs flowing beneath, outside, around and beyond our reach, of wisdom, we find the infinite ocean of love which is boundless, eternal, and being infinite, it makes us, shapes us and frees us onto the miracle of infinite liberty: without border, limitation or end. There is nothing better, larger or deeper that humanity can ever be than to simply be and do love. The Humanion


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The Humanion Online Daily from the United Kingdom for the World: To Inspire Souls to Seek

At Home in the Universe : One Without Frontier. Editor: Munayem Mayenin

All copyrights @ The Humanion: London: England: United Kingdom: Contact Address: editor at thehumanion dot com

First Published: September 24: 2015