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Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd Publishes The Humanion among doing other things: We do not and shall not accept fundings or contributions from any type, form, manner and layer of Governments of national, international, supra-national or any other type or bodies formed by them nor from rich individuals or bodies or agencies of any kind. This, to us, is as a matter of absolute philosophic principle to ensure our resolute and complete independence. The ways, in which, we invite support from the readers, members of the public and all other individuals and agencies and businesses of any kind, are: a: Voluntary Subscription Payments: b: Voluntary Contributions: c: The Minimal and Symbolic Membership Fees to Our Regineumanics Family: d: Buying a Copy of The Long Walk to Humanics: e: Contributing to Our Events and f: Advertisement in The Humanion. We say it here and invite you for your support and we do not keep asking you on every page your visit to read the materials. You make a conscious, wilful and philosophic choice to Support The Humanion and The Foundation. If, you do: thank you: If, you do not, thank you, too, for reading The Humanion. The world has, apparently, accepted that Capitalism is the High Pinnacle of All Systems and, some still dream that Marxism will rescue humanity from this Killing Mechanism Capitalism, we refuse to subscribe to that and Humanics is the Post-Marxist and Post-Capitalistic World View of What Humanity can be and what it can do and how infinitely better a human condition can be created in a Humanical Society, by eradicating ownership and money and by establishing belongingship in human enterprise, setting all humans at liberty and equality under the rule of law in natural justice with a direct form of democracy, humanics calls it, Humanicsovics, in which, each human soul is her:his own High Representative. In this, Humanics is the Minority Vision and, in this, we do not and can not expect millions and billions of people supporting our vision today but We Whole-Heartedly Believe That ONE DAY This Humanity Shall BE ALL HUMANICAL: By When: We Know Not But This: That Being a Monstrous Killing Mechanism Capitalism IS Unsustainable: But the World Shall Change One Day and Every Change Begins with an Idea, with a Vision: We invite you to Envision the Vision of Humanics and Support The Humanion and The Foundation to Keep Taking Forward the Vision of Humanics for an Infinitely Better Humanity in an Infinitely Better Human Condition for All Humanity Across Mother Earth. Thank You.

First Published: September 24: 2015
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The Idearian Echoing Eternities







The Idearian Echoing Eternities: That What You Are In What You Do What You Create What You Make What You Imagine What You Give What You Love and What You Become

The Idearian Echoing Eternities is for human ingenuities, for human endeavours, for human imagination, for human creativity, for human ideas, for research and learning in every and all areas of learning, knowledge and wisdom. So, wherever in the world, in whatever institution, in whatever area or field or expertise you are seeking the light, please, remember to share the news and views, means, methods and mechanics as well as the technical and technological, whether reality based, hypothetical, idearian:aai-dea-ri-aan:based on absolutely unheard of ideas like Einstein's Gravitational Wave a hundred years ago, or highly imaginative, about your research, effort, initiative with The Humanion. We would love to hear from all university campuses of the world, from all research institutions and learning and teaching facilities across the globe. Our works echo around the Universes, both in the natural and the human ones, across eternities. And these are works of human mind's creativity, ingenuity and its never-ending sense of wonder and seeking out for knowledge. To: editor at the humanion dot com. Page Created: March 23, 2016

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The Humanion uses Machine Processed Programming:MPP for Machine or Artificial Intelligence and Programmed Algorithmic Machination:PAM for Machine Learning, refusing the very concepts that machines can have intelligence and that they are, therefore, capable to learn. Likewise, The Humanion does not use the terms, self-driven or self-driving or autonomous vehicles for machines are not and can not be deemed to be having 'self', that absolutely applies to humans and autonomy applies to humans as individuals and as groups, societies, peoples, nations etc and can not be applied to machines. Therefore, Auto-driven is the term we use for Self-driven or Self-driving or autonomous vehicles etc. This relates to profound, vital and fundamental issues and we must be careful as to how we use terminology, that, albeit, inadvertently, dehumanises humanity. A Young Woman in STEM at the University of Manchester: Image: University of Manchester

Cardiff University





The Women’s Engineering Society: Constructing As Good A Year in 2019 As Is Good Enough  to Celebrate 100 Years of Speech In the Creations of the Women’s Ingenuity in a Century











|| December 19: 2018 || ά. The Women’s Engineering Society:WES will be 100 years old in 2019 and through the support of National Lottery players the organisation will be celebrating and commemorating women engineers, who have been involved with WES over the past century. This is because of a £66,800 grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund. The Society’s most famous member was pilot Amy Johnson, however, hers is just one of hundreds of stories waiting to be told about ground-breaking women working in the varied fields of engineering.

The names of these incredible women rarely feature in the history books or on the internet but they should be included to give a more complete history of the world. The WES Centenary Trail aims to change this by creating an interactive online map recording and sharing the history of WES and its members with a wider public. WES and its supporters will share these new and improved histories through local events, displays and other mediums. A recent piece of research, undertaken as a pilot test for the project, showed the story of Jeanie Dicks, who undertook the electrification of Winchester Cathedral in 1934, garnering much contemporary press interest in the novelty of a women taking on such a role.

Elizabeth M. Kennedy, WES’ President in 1932-4, who rose from a shorthand typist to become Managing Director of a large machine manufacturing firm, frequently travelling around America on business in the 1920s. WES is planning to research and share a whole host of other women’s lives and career stories over the next 18 months.

Ms Eleanor Hill has been appointed as the Centenary Trail Project Officer and joined WES in late October. Ms Hill has a wealth of experience in heritage and community projects, her most recently managed project, was the Heritage Lottery funded ‘Our Heritage’ Canari project for the charity Disability Can Do.

Ms Elizabeth Donnelly, the CEO of the Women's Engineering Society, said, "We are delighted that the Heritage Lottery Fund has supported the WES Centenary Trail project thanks to National Lottery players. WES has a fascinating history and the achievement of the women engineers, past and present, needs to be shared and celebrated.

WES has helped and supported women to become and remain engineers for 100 years. Recent research indicates that, even, today, only, a quarter of 16-19 year old girls say, they would ever consider a career in engineering. We hope that by showing some of the fascinating lives and careers led by WES members over the past century that we can encourage more families to think of engineering as a suitable career for their daughters.”

Ms Robyn Llewellyn, the Head of Heritage Lottery Fund, said, “Thanks to National Lottery players we are thrilled to support this exciting project, which will raise awareness and celebrate the significant contribution, that women have made to the development of engineering. The project has the potential to inspire the future generation.”

About the Women’s Engineering Society:WES: Founded in 1919, the Women’s Engineering Society is a professional, not for profit network of women engineers, scientists and technologists, offering inspiration, support and professional development. Although, the world has changed since a group of women decided to band together to create an organisation to support women in engineering after the First World War, the need is very much still there. WES works in a number of ways to support women in STEM, to encourage the study and application of engineering, to promote gender equality and diversity in the workplace and to award excellence and encourage achievement through our awards and grants schemes. WES will be celebrating its centenary in 2019.:::ω.

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Crucial Environmental Research Receives Major Funding




|| December 14: 2018: University of Exeter News || ά. Pioneering new research on major environmental issues, led by scientists from the University of Exeter, have received a major funding boost, it has been announced. Two projects, led by world-leading experts from Exeter, will receive significant funding from the Natural Environment Research Council:NERC, through its highlight topics grants scheme. Professor Tamara Galloway will lead a new study looking at the impact of microplastics in oceans and marine environments, while Professor Mat Collins will spearhead a project to assess the impact of climate change on hazardous, extreme weather events.

A third project, featuring Dr Jo Browse, from the Geography department based at the Penryn Campus, Cornwall, will study the impact of future ship traffic and emission regulations in the North Atlantic and Arctic atmosphere. These projects are among 14 new studies, spanning a wide range of important topics, generated by the UK environmental science community, to receive a combined £24 million from NERC. The awards will fund research areas, essential to help understand the environment and how people live within it. NERC Associate Director of Research Ned Garnett said, “The highlight topics programme allows us to receive ideas from both the research community and users of environmental science to ensure that we are providing funding where it is most needed.

The provision of top quality environmental research has never been more essential as we continue to tackle some of the greatest environmental challenges of our time.” Professor Tamara Galloway, from Exeter’s Biosciences department, will lead the project entitled MINIMISE: current and future effects of microplastics on marine ecosystems. The project will focus on developing new sophisticated methods to measure the effect, that microplastics have on marine wildlife and ecosystems, particularly, in coastal locations.

Working in collaboration with three other universities, the National Oceanography Centre and the Centre for the Environment, Fisheries and Agricultural Sciences:Cefas, the project will use pioneering new methods to measure microplastics in the marine environment and trace how they move between prey animals and their predators.

The data collected will be used to create a geospatial risk map for the UK shelf seas, to help predict which areas are most at risk from microplastics pollution. Professor Galloway said, “We are really pleased to receive this award which will allow us to continue and extend our current research. It also raises the profile of marine pollution as a topical and important issue and the work that we are doing to find sustainable solutions.’’

Professor Mat Collins, from Mathematics, will lead a separate project, EMERGENCE: Emergence of Climate Hazards. The project will study the effect of climate change on climate hazards, weather and climate 'extreme events', that can cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, as well as, damage to economic and social infrastructures. These include the succession of extreme storms reaching southern England in the winter of 2013:2014, causing severe floods and £451 million of insured losses and the extreme El Niño event of 2015:16, that caused floods, droughts and wildfires globally and drove the fastest annual increase in CO2 on record.

This project will assess the impact of climate change on climate hazards in the past and present and, then, project forward their changes into the future.  Focusing on the next 30 years, the results will help governments, policymakers, businesses and individuals to develop new, robust strategies to mitigate against the most extreme weather events.

Professor Collins said, “This project will use new state-of-the-art climate models to produce information about climate hazards. It will allow us to produce results in a timely fashion to feed into the next assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.:::ω. 

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University of Calgary Appoints Dr Ed McCauley As Its Next President and Vice-chancellor Taking Up Position on January 01: 2019



|| November 13: 2018: University of Calgary News || ά. The Board of Governors of the University of Calgary has selected Dr Ed McCauley, PhD, as the University's ninth President and Vice-chancellor. Currently the university’s Vice-president, Research, Dr McCauley will move into the role on January 01, 2019, succeeding Dr Elizabeth Cannon, PhD.

“Dr. McCauley is an inspirational leader, who, truly, embodies the special energy of our university and our city.” says Jill Wyatt, the Chair of the University of Calgary’s Board of Governors and the Presidential Search Committee. “He is a passionate visionary, an internationally recognised scholar and a leader with an exceptional track record of building excellence in student experience, research and innovation, entrepreneurial thinking and collaborative partnerships.

We are confident that he will continue the tremendous momentum and success, that President Cannon has driven through the Eyes High strategy. This work is creating long-lasting, meaningful impact at the local, provincial, national and international levels.”

Dr McCauley’s selection follows a rigorous national and international search, that began earlier this year and was led by a Presidential Search Committee comprised of board, student, faculty, staff and alumni representatives. The search process included input from the campus and broader community on the attributes of the next President and the University’s priorities. After a thorough assessment of candidates from around the world, the Committee recommended Dr McCauley to the Board of Governors.

“I am honoured to be named the University of Calgary’s next President and Vice-chancellor.” says Dr McCauley. “I have been part of the University of Calgary family for many years and I believe deeply in our vision to be recognised as one of Canada’s top universities.

Under the unparalleled leadership of Elizabeth Cannon and with tremendous support from our community, we have set ambitious goals. Our momentum is strong and our priorities are well defined. Our students, faculty and staff are driven every day to make a difference by seeking and sharing answers to society’s greatest challenges. I am grateful for the opportunity to work with them to nurture and grow this great institution.”

Dr McCauley is one of the world’s foremost scholars in the field of population ecology. Originally from Ottawa, he arrived at the University of Calgary in 1985, serving as a Professor in Biological Sciences and Tier One Canada Research Chair until 2009. He, then, relocated to the University of California, Santa Barbara to take on a professorship in ecology and evolutionary biology and the role of director of the National Centre for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis.

Dr McCauley returned to the University of Calgary in 2011 as Vice-president, Research, guiding strategic research initiatives and creating support systems to enable the university to progress quickly on the national and international stage.

“Ed and I have worked closely together for many years at the University of Calgary.” says Dr Cannon. “I value his expertise and collegiality greatly and wish to be one of the first to congratulate him on this next step in his career. The university will be in exceptionally good hands with Ed at the helm.”

Dr McCauley earned his BSc and MSc from the University of Ottawa, his PhD from McGill University and was a post-doctoral fellow at UCSB. A Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, he has been a board member for Mitacs, TRIUMF, the Pacific Institute for Mathematical Sciences, and Compute Canada. Most recently, he served on the Leadership Council for Digital Research Infrastructure and the Research Council for the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research.

An interim Vice-president, Research, to begin on January 01, 2019, will be announced in the coming weeks.

Caption: Image: University of Calgary:::ω.

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Because All We Have Is This Tiny Little Mother Earth With Billions of Us Her Children to Exist As One: Earth Challenge 2020: A Citizen Science Initiative Announces Launch of Research Questions: Submit Your Questions Until November 22















|| October 23: 2018 || ά. April 22, 2020 marks the 50th anniversary of Earth Day. In recognition of this milestone Earth Day Network, the Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars and the U.S. Department of State are launching Earth Challenge 2020 as the world’s largest co-ordinated citizen science campaign. Earth Challenge 2020 will engage millions of global citizens and will aggregate and collect more than one billion data points in areas, including, air quality, water quality, bio-diversity, pollution, and human health. The Humanion invites the organisers to add to this list the latest research confirming that micro-plastic has been found inside human physiology and what implications this might add to the research community.

Throughout this Citizen Science Campaign citizen science volunteers around the world will collect and share Earth science data on an unprecedented scale, providing new insight on the state of our environment to drive meaningful action. Right now, the organisers are inviting citizen scientists of all ages in all corners of the mother earth and all concerned global citizens to participate in defining the critical research questions, that will guide Earth Challenge 2020.  The process is open to the public and everyone is encouraged to participate. Earth Challenge 2020 is recruiting research questions via a simple web form. The site includes instructions for submitting research questions, as well as, sample questions.

Research questions, may be, submitted from October 22, 2018 to November 22, 2018. After research questions have been collected, the Earth Challenge 2020 research team will analyse submissions for common themes, distilling the questions for review, which will, then, be refined by an expert panel.

The panel will choose the final research questions, that will guide Earth Challenge 2020. Selections will be made based on criteria, including, the level of global interest, geographic diversity, global impact, partnerships and feasibility. The final research questions will be announced early 2019.

The timeline for Earth Challenge 2020 spans eighteen months. In 2019, hackathons will be hosted around the world to help create the technologies that will underpin Earth Challenge 2020 and encouraging existing citizen science projects to join our efforts.

Finally, in April 2020, a new mobile app and global data collection campaign will launch with the objective of collecting one billion data points by Earth Day that year.

With the support of valued partners and global citizens, Earth Challenge 2020 has the potential to be the largest co-ordinated citizen science project ever attempted on Earth.

To learn more about Earth Challenge 2020 contact EarthChallenge2020 at

Earth Day Network
Contact: Denice Zeck
Phone: 202 355-8875
Communications at
The Wilson Centre
Contact: Anne Bowser
Phone: 202 691-4031
anne.bowser at
U.S. Department of State
Contact: State GDI Team
EC2020 at 

Earth Day Network:The first Earth Day on April 22, 1970, activated 20 million Americans from all walks of life and is widely credited with launching the modern environmental movement. Growing out of the first Earth Day, Earth Day Network:EDN, the world’s largest recruiter to the environmental movement, works year round with tens of thousands of partners in 192 countries on global reforestation, climate and environmental literacy, ending plastic pollution and protecting biodiversity. EDN’s goal is to build environmental democracy and to broaden, diversify and mobilize the environmental movement worldwide.

The Wilson Centre: The Wilson Centre is the nation’s key non-partisan policy forum for tackling global issues through independent research and open dialogue to inform actionable ideas for the policy community. By conducting relevant and timely research and promoting dialogue from all perspectives, it works to address the critical current and emerging challenges confronting the United States and the world. The Wilson Centre currently incubates the Citizen Science Global Partnership:CSGP, an emerging network-of-networks launched at the UN Science-Policy Business Forum on the Environment, that seeks to promote citizen science for a sustainable world.

U.S Department of State and Eco-Capitals Forum:The U.S Department of State leads America’s foreign policy through diplomacy, advocacy, and assistance by advancing the interests of the American people, their safety and economic prosperity.  The Eco-Capitals Forum:ECF is a global initiative to make diplomacy a vital driver of sustainable cities. ECF serves as a consortium for the diplomatic community to share best practices and challenges, leverage economies of scale to implement renewable energy and waste management solutions and support and laud e-fforts by individual embassies to reduce their environmental footprints and costs. As a partnership between the diplomatic community, city government, non-governmental organizations:NGOs and local businesses, world-wide chapters of the ECF provides a unique platform for communities to come together for sustainability.

To read more about all partners of Earth Day visit:::ω.

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A Major Gift Helped University of Calgary Establish World Class Centre for Veterinary Medicine Education and Research


|| September 21: 2018: University of Calgary News || ά. With the gift of their 19,000-acre cattle ranch operation, Mr J.C Anderson and his daughter Ms Wynne Chisholm are transforming veterinary education and research at the University of Calgary’s Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Today the university announced this transformational gift valued at $44 million, that will create a world-class teaching, learning and research facility in Alberta.

The new W.A Ranches at the University of Calgary will establish UCVM as an international leader in veterinary health, education, research and community outreach, meeting the needs of Alberta’s veterinary community and Canada’s livestock industry. “This gift will advance the leadership of our Faculty of Veterinary Medicine even further, providing a unique opportunity for our students to engage in immersive learning, develop their professional skills and make the connections between human, animal and environmental health.” says the University President Ms Elizabeth Cannon.

“W.A. Ranches at the University of Calgary is a sophisticated operation, that will attract top talent to our campus and support the next generation of veterinary leaders.” Mr Anderson and Ms Chisholm are leaders in the cattle producing and ranching industry, introducing new technology and practices to their ranch.

This includes finding new cost-effective and environmentally friendly ways to improve their cattle and grass. Their gift of W.A Ranches to the University is in addition to their generous contribution in 2014 of $05 million to establish the Anderson-Chisholm Chair in Animal Care and Welfare at the University of Calgary, currently held by Dr Ed Pajor.

“We are gifting the assets of our Ranch to the University of Calgary to create a world-leading centre of excellence in beef cattle research.” says MsWynne Chisholm, BA’79. “Our hope is that this gift will transform the teaching, learning and outreach experiences at UCVM and empower faculty and students to create and share the scientific, evidence-based discoveries, that will improve animal care and welfare, enhance our industry and inform the public.”

W.A Ranches at the University of Calgary will be a new and impactful learning facility to provide professional skills training for students and foster world-class teaching and research at UCVM. Research at W.A Ranches will include the development of evidence-based educational and community programmes to solve complex problems in animal-environmental health and public policy around beef cattle health and wellness.

The University of Calgary is the only university in Canada, where the faculties of medicine and veterinary medicine and public health institutes are physically co-located.

“The gift of a cattle ranch of this size and calibre offers unprecedented educational opportunities within the dynamic and innovative teaching model practised at the University of Calgary Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.” says Dr Baljit Singh, the Dean of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.

“The ranch will provide a platform for collaboration with other faculties, industry and the public sector to foster interdisciplinary learning and research and the development of an international centre of excellence in beef cattle health.”

The transfer of possession of W.A Ranches to the University of Calgary will occur in November 2018.

This gift is part of the University’s ongoing fundraising campaign, Energise: The Campaign for Eyes High. Due to this generous gift from Mr Anderson and Ms Chisholm, the campaign is currently at $01.06 billion towards its overall goal of $01.3 billion.:::ω.

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The University of Southampton Retains the European HR Excellence in Research Award Once Again



|| September 12: 2018: University of Southampton News || ά. The University of Southampton has further demonstrated its long-term commitment to the career development of researchers by retaining the European Commission HR Excellence in Research award. The Award is an important mechanism for implementing the principles of The Concordat to Support the Career Development of Researchers.

Rresented by the European Commission and confirmed by the organisation Vitae, the Award validates Southampton’s commitment to improving the working conditions and career development for research staff, whilst continually striving to improve the quantity, quality and impact of research for the benefit of UK society and the economy. Southampton originally received the HR Excellence in Research Award in 2012, which was, then, retained in 2014 and 2016 following biennial reviews. This year, the University passed its six-year review.

Southampton’s key achievements in recent years include the development of careers advice specifically for researchers, where there was none originally, the introduction of local mentoring schemes in faculties enabling more researchers to engage in mentoring and Dean’s Award schemes have been established in most Faculties in recognition of the range of contributions researchers and teaching fellows make to University life.

There have, also, been significant increases in the numbers of research staff offered University induction, appraisals and training in Equality and Diversity. Dr Julie Reeves, Southampton’s Researcher Development Co-ordinator cited the University’s collegial approach to its support for researchers, achieved in part through the Career Development Researchers Working Group, chaired by Professor Mandy Fader.

Dr Reeves, also, praised the contribution of Human Resources, the Public Engagement Research Unit, the International Office and the ICURe Programme or Innovation and Commercialisation and University Research) co-ordinated through SETsquared.

“We are proud to retain this this award from the European Commission, which underlines the hard work and commitment of staff and endorses our collegial approach to supporting the career development of our researchers.” said Dr Reeves.:::ω.

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The 15th North of England Cell Biology Forum 2018 at the University of Huddersfield: August 29


|| August 23: 2018 || ά. A new generation of scientists aiming to make breakthroughs in the understanding of cell biology in diverse fields ranging from stem cell biology to endocytosis in yeast will convene at the University of Huddersfield to discuss their latest research findings. The 15th North of England Cell Biology Forum takes place on Wednesday, August 29 at the University of Huddersfield’s Oastler Building. There will be some 140 delegates gathering for the even.

The event, sponsored by the British Society for Cell Biology and the Biochemical Society, places the focus on researchers studying for PhDs or who have recently completed their doctorates. “It differs from other scientific conferences because it is very much aimed at providing a platform for early career researchers and PhD students to be able to present and discuss their research, whereas at a larger and more formal scientific conference, the chances are that it would be their group leader, who would be presenting.” said the Event Co-organiser Dr Simon Allison, who is a Senior Lecturer in the University of Huddersfield’s School of Applied Sciences.

Dr Allison elaborated on how he and his colleagues Dr Iain Haslam and Dr Chris Cooper attended the 2017 North of England Cell Biology Forum at the University of Hull and, then, offered Huddersfield as the next venue. The forum takes place at a different university each year.

During the day, researchers from a wide range of universities, including, Leeds, Bradford, York, Sheffield, Hull, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle and Lancaster, will hear 16 scientific research presentations and view some 60 posters describing current projects in different fields of cell biology.

There will be themed sessions on protein trafficking, cancer, stem cells and innovative technology such as gene editing, the cell cycle and DNA polymerases. Amongst the 16 oral presenters will be Huddersfield PhD students Ms Hollie Griffiths, Ms Megan Palmer and Ms Carla Asquith.

About the University of Huddersfield: The University of Huddersfield has a growing reputation as an inspiring, innovative provider of higher education of international renown.  Recognised as a leader in enterprise and innovation, the University has been the recipient of the Times Higher Education’s University of the Year Award and Entrepreneurial University of the Year and was awarded a Queen’s Awards for Enterprise.  In the 2015, the University achieved five star status from international ratings organisation QS Stars in the areas of teaching, internationalisation, employability, and for facilities and access. It is currently number one in England for the proportion of staff with teaching qualifications and recently became one of the few universities in the UK to be awarded the ‘Gold’ standard in the Government’s new Teaching Excellence Framework. :::ω.

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New Grant Funding for Research to Improve Diagnosis and Treatment of Meningitis in Africa




|| August 19: 2018: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine News || ά. Professor Joe Jarvis from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine:LSHTM has been awarded a Global Health Professorship from the National Institute of Health Research, Trainees Co-ordinating Centre, to lead new research into Central Nervous System:CNS infections in Africa. Awarded for the first time this year, Professor Jarvis is one of just two people to receive this Professorship, which aims to accelerate the transfer of research ideas to deliver better health in low and middle income countries:LMICs. Over a five-year period, the research will look to improve the management of meningitis in HIV-positive African adults.

In Africa, up to 200,000 people are estimated to die every year from just one form of meningitis, called, cryptococcal meningitis:CM. Overall, CNS infections, which include meningitis and other infections of the brain, are responsible for up to 30% of all deaths in HIV-infected individuals. The work will be based on a series of clinical studies and a large trial of new CM treatment in Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Uganda. Professor Joe Jarvis of Tropical Medicine and International Health at LSHTM, said, “I am delighted to receive this funding from the National Institute of Health Research and be awarded a Global Health Professorship.

CNS infections are, extremely, difficult to diagnose and treat; even, in resource-rich settings they cause high rates of death and disability. In low and middle income countries these infections are, particularly, common, especially, in regions with high rates of HIV infection.”

HIV-positive individuals are at increased risk from a wide range of CNS infections and they, often, develop extremely severe illness. The highest rates of HIV are seen in east and southern Africa and in these regions meningitis and other brain infections are a leading cause of death.

It is not currently known exactly what infections are responsible for much of the meningitis in African patients, so targeted treatment is not possible. Among patients diagnosed with CNS infections in LMICs, over half still die, so improvements to current treatments are desperately needed. 

To address current problems in diagnosing and treating CNS infections in Africa, Professor Jarvis’s research will focus on four key areas. Collecting information on all patients being tested for meningitis at an African hospital, running detailed testing to determine the causes of infections

Evaluating new tests for meningitis, which can detect many different infections at once, diagnosing patients at the bedside. Assessing a new treatment for CM, the most common cause of meningitis, using an existing drug called liposomal amphotericin

Performing detailed examinations of patients’ immune responses and genetic make up to establish why some develop CM and some do not, along with finding out what factors are associated with death from CM.

The findings will allow treatment guidelines for meningitis to be updated based on accurate data about the causes of meningitis. This combined with a better understanding the underlying reasons and pathology of why some people are predisposed to CNS infections and subsequent death, could lead to new treatments and prevention strategies, significantly reducing mortality from CNS infections.

“This vital research will provide a better understanding of the body’s response to CNS infections, and help identify risk factors for disease development and death in HIV-positive individuals. Our work will look to develop entirely novel treatment and prevention strategies for CNS infections. Finding an effective new treatment for CM that is easy to administer in African hospitals would save thousands of lives each year.” said Professor Jarvis:::::ω.

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The Cheap and Efficient Solar Energy Has Found a Funnel-Vision-Pioneer to Boost Production



|| July 25: 2018: University of Exeter News || ά. Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique, that could unlock new methods of making solar energy more efficient. A team of experts from the University of Exeter has discovered an innovative way for generating photovoltaic:PV energy  or ways in which to convert light into power. The new technique relies on ‘funnelling’ the sun’s energy more efficiently directly into power cells, such as, solar panels or batteries.

This ground-breaking method has the potential to harvest three times the energy compared with traditional systems. The researchers believe that their breakthrough could result in solar panels, no bigger than a book, producing enough energy to power a family-sized house. The results are published in the leading scientific journal, Nature Communications.

Adolfo De Sanctis, the Lead Author of the paper from the University of Exeter, said, “The idea is similar to pouring a liquid into a container, as we all know it is much more efficient, if, we use a funnel.

However, such charge funnels can not be realised with conventional semiconductors and only the recent discovery of atomically thin materials has enabled this discovery.”

In the research, the researchers of physics experts developed how to ‘funnel’ electrical charge onto a chip. Using the atomically thin semiconductor hafnium disulphide:HfS2, which is oxidised with a high-intensity UV laser, they were able to engineer an electric field, that funnels electrical charges to a specific area of the chip, where they can be more easily extracted.

While current solar cells are able to convert into electricity around 20 per cent of the energy received from the Sun, the new technique has the potential to convert around 60 per cent of it by funnelling the energy more efficiently.

The Paper: A. De Sanctis et al. Strain-engineered inverse charge-funnelling in layered semiconductors is published in Nature Communications:::ω.

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Solar Super-Capacitor Could Power Future Wearable Sensors




|| July 22: 2018: University of Glasgow News|| ά. According to scientists, a new form of solar-powered super-capacitor could help make future wearable technologies lighter and more energy-efficient. In a paper published in the journal Nano Energy, researchers from the University of Glasgow’s Bendable Electronics and Sensing Technologies:BEST group describe how they have developed a promising new type of graphene super-capacitor, which could be used in the next generation of wearable health sensors.

Currently, wearable systems generally rely on relatively heavy, inflexible batteries, which can be uncomfortable for long-term users. The BEST team, led by Professor Ravinder Dahiya, have built on their previous success in developing flexible sensors by developing a super-capacitor, which could power health sensors capable of conforming to wearer’s bodies, offering more comfort and a more consistent contact with skin to better collect health data.

Their new super-capacitor uses layers of flexible, three-dimensional porous foam formed from graphene and silver to produce a device capable of storing and releasing around three times more power than any similar flexible super-capacitor. The researchers demonstrated the durability of the super-capacitor, showing that it provided power consistently across 25,000 charging and discharging cycles.

They have, also, found a way to charge the system by integrating it with flexible solar powered synthetic skin, already, developed by the BEST group, effectively, creating an entirely auto-charging system, as well as, a pH sensor, which uses wearer’s sweat to monitor their health.

Professor Dahiya said, “We’re very pleased by the progress this new form of solar-powered super-capacitor represents. A flexible, wearable health monitoring system, which, only, requires exposure to sunlight to charge, has a lot of obvious commercial appeal but the underlying technology has a great deal of additional potential.

This research could take the wearable systems for health monitoring to remote parts of the world, where solar power is, often, the most reliable source of energy and it could, also, increase the efficiency of hybrid electric vehicles. We’re, already, looking at further integrating the technology into flexible synthetic skin, which we’re developing for use in advanced prosthetics.”

The research was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council:EPSRC and Scottish Funding Council:SFC. :::ω. 

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I Always Say That Everything IS Engineered in Our Imagination: Who Said That




|| July 19: 2018: University of Manchester News || ά. Professor Danielle George MBE of the University of Manchester is being awarded the prestigious Michael Faraday Prize by the Royal Society. The award is given to scientists and engineers, who show unparalleled dedication and excellence in communicating science to audiences beyond the traditional science and academic community.

Professor George, who is the Vice-Dean for Teaching and Learning in the Faculty of Science and Engineering at the University and a Professor of Radio Frequency Engineering, said, “I always say that everything is engineered in our imagination but I never imagined I’d be awarded such an accolade! I’m deeply honoured.” The academic is a huge advocate of making science accessible to anyone and everyone outside the academia and has dedicated her career to promoting science communications. 

Professor George said, “I’m so passionate about raising public awareness of the positive impact engineering has all aspects of our everyday lives and highlighting to young people the immense depth and breadth of opportunities a career in engineering can offer."

This latest accolade is just another in a long line awarded to Professor George for her dedication in reaching a wider audience with her science. Previous awards include Royal Academy of Engineering Rooke Award for public promotion of Engineering and being appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire:MBE for services to engineering through public engagement.

She is, also, an Ambassador for the BBC Learning Science campaign and President of the Association for Science and Education for 2017. She is on the National Advisory Group for the Future Teaching Scholars Programme.

The award is named after Michael Faraday FRS, the influential inventor and electrical pioneer, who was prominent in the public communication of science and founded the Christmas lectures at the Royal Institution.

Caption: Professor Danielle George: Image: University of Manchester:::ω.

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The University of Birmingham Celebrates Excellence in Engineering Physical Life and Environmental Sciences with the Founders' Awards 2018



|| July 17: 2018: University of Birmingham News || ά. Five University of Birmingham academics have been honoured with a Founders’ Award for Excellence at this year’s Chancellor’s Dinner. The winners of this year’s awards are Dr Hannah Price in the category of Outstanding Early-Career Academic, Professor Ole Jensen in the category of Academic Advancement, Professor Tim Dafforn in the category of Policy Advancement and Professor Clive Roberts and Professor Anson Jack in the category of Business Advancement.

The Founders’ Awards are named after some of the University’s most influential founders and benefactors and demonstrate that their principles and vision of a ‘great school of universal instruction’, where ground breaking research has true benefits locally, nationally and internationally, are as alive today as they were in 1,900, continuing to guide and inspire the University. There are four award categories recognising Academic, Policy and Business Advancement and an additional award for Outstanding Early-Career Academic.



Dr Hannah Price, Birmingham Fellow, School of Physics and Astronomy: Outstanding Early-Career Academic: Dr Hannah Price is an accomplished young scientist, whose impact and potential has already been recognised through her Royal Society University Research Fellowship. Dr Price works in an area of physics and mathematics, called, topology.

The award of the Physics Nobel Prize 2016 to Kosterlitz and Thouless was for a discovery made at Birmingham in this field. Topology, may be, thought about in terms of properties of closed surfaces and the number of holes they contain, for example, a sphere has no holes, whereas a doughnut has one. These are three-D objects. Dr Price’s research has been transformational as it explores what happens in higher dimensions. Her work appears in high impact journals, e.g, Nature, and is highly cited.

Professor Ole Jensen, Chair of Translational Neuroscience, School of Psychology - Academic Advancement: Professor Ole Jensen’s research has focused on investigating the functional role of brain oscillations in relation to human cognition. He was appointed Professor at the Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour at Radboud University in Nijmegen, The Netherlands in 2013.



In September 2016 he moved to University of Birmingham to become Professor of Translational Neuroscience and Co-Director of the newly established Centre for Human Brain Health. At University of Birmingham he is leading the efforts on brain oscillations and magnetoencephalography:MEG. 

He has published more than 150 papers, many in high impact international journals, such as, Nature, the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Current Biology and the Journal of Neuroscience.

In 2020 he will Chair the International Conference on Bio-magnetism to be held at University of Birmingham. He is panel member and advisor for several funding boards, including, the Norwegian Research Council and the Dutch Research Council. He is academic editor for the journals PLoS Biology and Brain Connectivity.

Professor Tim Dafforn, Professor of Biotechnology, School of Biosciences: Policy Advancement: In recent years Professor Tim Dafforn has managed to balance parallel careers in business and policy. His policy work began when he became one of the founders of the Synthetic Biology community in the UK. He became a member of the UK Synthetic Biology Leadership Council, Co-Chaired by the Minister for Life Sciences.



He co-wrote the UK Synthetic Biology Roadmap, endorsed by the Government. In recognition of his work on synthetic biology commercialisation, he became Entrepreneur in residence at the Department of Business Innovation and Skills advising the Secretary of State on Synthetic Biology. Professor Dafforn was recruited as Chief Scientist in the Department working with Science Minster Mr Jo Johnson on Open Access publishing, Block Chain and Entrepreneurship Education.

He led a review into entrepreneurship in England for the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, which ultimately fed into the Government’s Industrial Strategy White paper published in Autumn 2017.

Professor Clive Roberts and Professor Anson Jack, Birmingham Centre for Railway Research and Education: Business Advancement: Professors Clive Roberts and Anson Jack have worked tirelessly to bring the rail industry together with the University of Birmingham in an extraordinary year of success. They brokered industry to support the University’s bid to the Higher Education Funding Council for England into the Research Partner’s Infrastructure Fund and successfully leveraged more than two-thirds of the £92M required from industry for the bid.

This has been followed up by the establishment of UKRRIN, the UK Rail Research and Innovation Network, officially, launched earlier this year. This body, led from within the University of Birmingham, is designed to create powerful collaboration between academia and industry, aiming to provide a step-change in innovation in the sector and accelerate new technologies and products from research into market applications globally. Its success is signalled by its prominent position in the UK Government’s Strategic Vision for Rail which was published earlier this year.

In recognition of their efforts, the University of Birmingham has been awarded a Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher Education, 2016-18, for its contribution to making railways around the world safer and more efficient.

Now in its seventh year, the Founders’ Awards for Excellence recognise the very best academic work at the University. They provide an opportunity to recognise best  academic colleagues and celebrate their achievements with the most distinguished friends from business, politics, government, and academia.

Caption: Images: University of Birmingham :::ω.

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Electrospun Sodium Titanate Speeds Up the Purification of Water Based on Selective Iion Exchange Effectively Extracts Radio Active Strontium


|| July 01: 2018: University of Helsinki News: Riitta Leena Inki Writing || ά. With the help of this new method, waste water can be treated faster than before and the environmentally positive aspect is that the process leaves less solid radio-active waste. The properties of electrospun sodium titanate are equal to those of commercially produced ion-exchange materials.

“The advantages of electrospun materials are due to the kinetics, i.e, reaction speed, of ion exchange.” says Mr Risto Koivula, a Scientist in the research group Ion Exchange for Nuclear Waste Treatment and for Recycling at the Department of Chemistry at the University of Helsinki. Synthetic sodium titanate is known as an effective remover of strontium and granular sodium titanate is used in industrial quantities.

The purging method based on ion exchange was originally developed by Mr Jukka Lehto and Mr Risto Harjula from the University of Helsinki. At present, granular sodium titanate is used to purify the waste water left over from the Fukushima nuclear disaster.

As it is run through an ion exchanger loaded into column, the radio-active strontium in the water is changed into sodium. When the ion exchange capacity is filled, the filtering material has to be switched out. This leaves some solid radio-active waste.

“Since less electrospun material is needed from the start of the process, the radio-active waste requiring a permanent repository will, also, fit in a smaller space.” says Mr Koivula.

The electrospinning equipment at the University of Helsinki was developed and built in the centre of excellence for atomic layer deposition, led by Mr Mikko Ritala. The researchers successfully tried this quite simple method for working sodium titanate into fibre. Mr Koivula’s team studied the ion exchange features of fibre produced this way and found it worked like the commercially produced ones.

The Paper: Electrospun sodium titanate fibres for fast and selective water purification: Eero Santala, Risto Koivula, Risto Harjula and Mikko Ritala: Environmental Technology 2018  

Contact: Researcher Risto Koivula, Ion exchange for nuclear waste treatment and for recycling research group: email: Risto.Koivula at Tele: + 358  50 4486640

Communication Specialist: Riitta-Leena Inki: email: riitta-leena.inki at Tele: +358 50 448 5770 :::ω.

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University of Liverpool’s Dr Laura Bonnett Awarded the British Science Association Rosalind Franklin Award Lecture for Physical Sciences and Mathematics

|| June 24: 2018: University of Liverpool News || ά. University of Liverpool Medical Statistician Dr Laura Bonnett has been awarded the Rosalind Franklin Award Lecture for Physical Sciences and Mathematics by the British Science Association as part of its Award Lectures for 2018. Dr Bonnett joins six other senior UK researchers, who have been recognised for their innovative work and engaging communication skills, following a competitive selection process.

They join an illustrious group of previous Award Lecture recipients, including, Professor Brian Cox, Dr Maggie Aderin-Pocock and Professor Richard Wiseman. Each Award Lecture winner will be celebrated at the British Science Festival in Hull, September 11-14, where they will give a special talk about their innovative research. Dr Bonnett will talk about how her work made huge shifts in the law, influencing the DVLA to change their driving rules for people with epilepsy.

She will explore ‘risk’ and share her experience of the life-changing applications, that statistics has in epilepsy research. On receiving the accolade, Dr Bonnett said, “I’m delighted to have been awarded a British Science Award Lecture, it’s an amazing opportunity. I’m passionate about sharing the work I do and showing how statistics can be used to improve peoples’ lives.”

The Award Lectures have been presented at the British Science Festival since 1990. They celebrate and promote front line research being carried out in the UK by talented early-career scientists. The Awards recognise researchers’ excellent communication skills and their ability to demonstrate the social and societal aspects of their work.

Ivvet Modinou, the Head of Engagement at the British Science Association, said, “We’re delighted to announce this year’s cohort of Award Lecturers. They’re a hugely talented group, who are at the forefront of their fields and who bring their research out from the labs and into the public domain, for everyone to share, learn from and enjoy.

We received many high-quality applications, which made the decision process extremely tough. I wish them the best of luck for the coming year and I look forward to working with them all and hearing their fabulous talks at the British Science Festival this September.”

This year’s British Science Festival will showcase over 100 events on campus and throughout the city of Hull. It provides an opportunity to meet researchers face-to-face and discuss cutting-edge research, innovation and ideas in science, technology and engineering.

All events are free, but booking is required, as spaces are limited. Booking is now open.

Caption: Dr Laura Bonnet: Image: University of Liverpool:::ω.

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A New Way for Designing Electronics

|| June 10: 2018: University of Southampton News || ά. A team of researchers from the University of Southampton has invented a new way for designing electronic systems, that incorporates the best from both analogue and digital paradigms. The approach combines the computational power of analogue with the energy benefits of digital technologies. This new model alters the current way of thinking and is destined to shape the next generation of electronics.

The study, ‘Seamlessly fused digital-analogue reconfigurable computing using memristors’, was published in Nature Communications. The research showed how the fusion of analogue and digital thinking could be achieved by combining standard digital electronics, as found in every computer and mobile phone today, with the rapidly emerging technology of analogue memristor devices. This powerful combination is a significant stepping-stone towards the next generation of ultra-low power, high battery life and adaptable electronics.

Dr Alexantrou Serb, Lead Author of the paper from the University of Southampton, said, “Over the last five decades we have processed digital signals and have computed using digital techniques, which has taken us very far.

However, if, we are to truly compute at the limits of energy efficiency, that the laws of physics allow, it would seem imperative that we need to move towards analogue computation techniques whilst being much savvier about how to mix analogue and digital signals for maximum effect.”

This work builds on previous developments of memristive technologies undertaken at the University of Southampton. This included the demonstration of a new memristor technology that can pack unprecedented amounts of data per device, almost four times more than previously reported.

Professor Themis Prodromakis, Head of the Electronic Materials and Devices Research Group at Southampton’s Zepler Institute, said, “Memristors have gathered a lot of interest as a next generation memory technology by being smaller, more power efficient and yet being able to support more memory states when compared to existing technologies that are routinely used in our smartphones and computers.

Our group has worked tirelessly in that direction with the support of EPSRC, contributing towards demonstrating more mature and reliable technologies and improving on their performance. 

We soon, however, realised that there is much more to be earned by employing this technology beyond its obvious memory applications and have previously demonstrated how memristors can be used to emulate biological learning.”

The capability to pack large amounts of memory cheaply is a key stepping stone towards a new breed of electronics. Traditionally, the processing of data in electronics has relied on integrated circuits, chips, featuring vast numbers of transistors, microscopic switches that control the flow of electrical current by turning it on or off.

In this switch-based concept, memory is an expensive resource used as sparingly as possible. Until now, performance improvements were achieved by reducing the size of transistors and packing more of them in each microchip. However, with transistors now reaching their physical scaling limits, further improvements using the old techniques are becoming increasingly challenging.

A direct impact of this research on modern technologies could be the creation of ultra-efficient Programmed Algorithmic Machinations:PAM. PAM by nature lends itself to analogue implementation of computation much more readily than to the current digital-based techniques used in our smartphones and the cloud.

The projected power-savings and performance gains from using memristor-based, analogue microchips suggest that this research could one day lead to hardware, that exhibits advanced algorithmic functioning without the help of a supercomputer in the cloud and yet fits in the palm of one’s hand.

The resulting proliferation of algorithmic advancement of computation is capable of disrupting every level of social and economic activity and fundamentally change the daily environment with which we interact. ::: ω.

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Learning is a Festival: Believe It Not Then Go and Hear Professor Alice Roberts Speak at the Learning Festival 2018 in Bournemouth: June 16-20



|| May 14: 2018: Bournemouth University News || ά. Professor Alice Roberts will be sharing tales of the species, that changed our world, as guest speaker at Bournemouth University’s Festival of Learning 0218. Well, Professor Roberts is many a thing: a Doctor of Medicine, which she learnt, practised and taught and then followed newer pathways, that opened up so that she began to become a Palaeontologist, an Evolutionary Geneticist, a Little of an Archaeologist, an Anthropologist, a little of a Sociologist, Media Presenter and public face of promoting science in the public spheres among many other things, including, being an author and, add to this, a good artist and, from here, there is a good chance that she plays some musical instrument and is learning cultures and languages. Because an eternal learner this is, that keeps on going seeking and learning and so keep on developing. If, the Mitochondrion is the 'Powerhouse' of the human physiology, the Power House of the human soul is Eternal Learning.

And, we maintain, it is not the Mitochondrion or the physiology, that determines what happens to us as an agency of the mind but the mind does but this mind can not do this unless and until it becomes the disciple of this learning, this eternal learning. Professor Roberts is the perfect example of a person, of a soul, of a name to throw at the 'market manipulated propaganda' of 'the box' of 'specialism'life-box'! Life is not a box and a human being can not exist as human proper until and unless she:he accepts the existential necessity to keep on learning, by only which a human soul can keep on growing and developing. And here the Professor is to appear at the Learning Festival 2018 at the University of Bournemouth, which is taking place on June 16-20. Professor Roberts will give two free talks during the festival’s family day, which takes place at the University's Talbot Campus on Saturday, June 16.

Professor Roberts received an Honorary Doctorate from the University in 2013 and is currently on our TV screens exploring the extraordinary history of well-known places in Channel Four series Britain’s Most Historic Towns. She said, “I am very much looking forward to coming back to Bournemouth University to give a couple of lectures, drawing on my latest book, Tamed.

I’ll be exploring the ancient roots of the bonds between humans and species like dogs and horses and looking at how archaeology and genetics come together to help us uncover these deep histories.” She will be exploring our relationship with species, that helped shape our world in a family talk, aimed at a family audience with children aged seven and over.

Her second talk, aimed at audiences aged 12 and over, will explore archaeology, history and genetics to show the amazing stories of species, that became our allies. The Festival of Learning is bringing learning to life with over 90 free events and activities.

It starts off on Saturday with a Festival for the Family at Talbot Campus, with a host of educational and hands-on activities for all ages, including, free sports sessions, an archaeological escape room and the chance to become kitchen detectives. There are many other events taking place across Bournemouth and Poole. These include a talk about exceptional sporting performance at Vitality Stadium and a roving play at Upton Country Park.

During the week, events and activities will run throughout the afternoon and evening back at Talbot Campus, including, interactive workshops, talks and professionally-focused events.

The Festival of Learning is now in its sixth year and aims to share the University's research and expertise with the community in engaging and accessible ways.

Festival Director Ms Jane Kavanagh-Lauridsen said, “We’ve got an exciting programme of free events, activities and opportunities to learn something new, from exhibitions to hands-on workshops, talks and sports sessions.

We can’t wait to share the exceptional research being carried out at BU. We’d love for people of all ages to share in our discoveries and have the chance to engage and connect with our staff and students.”

For full details of Festival of Learning events, and to book your free tickets, visit the Festival of Learning website::: ω.

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National Physical Laboratory





Demonstration Proves Nuclear Fission System Can Provide Space Exploration Power



|| May 06: 2018 || ά. NASA and the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration:NNSA have successfully demonstrated a new nuclear reactor power system, that could enable long-duration crewed missions to the Moon, Mars and destinations beyond. NASA announced the results of the demonstration, called, the Kilopower Reactor Using Stirling Technology:KRUSTY experiment, during a news conference Wednesday at its Glenn Research Center in Cleveland. The Kilopower experiment was conducted at the NNSA’s Nevada National Security Site from November 2017 through March. 

“Safe, efficient and plentiful energy will be the key to future robotic and human exploration.” said Mr Jim Reuter, NASA’s Acting Associate Administrator for the Space Technology Mission Directorate:STMD in Washington. “I expect the Kilopower project to be an essential part of lunar and Mars power architectures as they evolve.'' ​Kilopower is a small, lightweight fission power system capable of providing up to 10 kilowatts of electrical power, enough to run several average households, continuously for at least 10 years. Four Kilopower units would provide enough power to establish an outpost.

According to Mr Marc Gibson, Lead Kilopower Engineer at Glenn, the pioneering power system is ideal for the Moon, where power generation from sunlight is difficult because lunar nights are equivalent to 14 days on Earth. “Kilopower gives us the ability to do much higher power missions and to explore the shadowed craters of the Moon.” said Mr Gibson. “When we start sending astronauts for long stays on the Moon and to other planets, that’s going to require a new class of power, that we’ve never needed before.”

The prototype power system uses a solid, cast uranium-235 reactor core, about the size of a paper towel roll. Passive sodium heat pipes transfer reactor heat to high-efficiency Stirling engines, which convert the heat to electricity. 

According to Mr David Poston, the Chief Reactor Designer at NNSA’s Los Alamos National Laboratory, the purpose of the recent experiment in Nevada was two-fold: to demonstrate that the system can create electricity with fission power and to show the system is stable and safe no matter what environment it encounters. 

“We threw everything we could at this reactor, in terms of nominal and off-normal operating scenarios and KRUSTY passed with flying colours.” said Mr Poston. The Kilopower team conducted the experiment in four phases. The first two phases, conducted without power, confirmed that each component of the system behaved as expected.

During the third phase, the team increased power to heat the core incrementally before moving on to the final phase. The experiment culminated with a 28-hour, full-power test, that simulated a mission, including, reactor startup, ramp to full power, steady operation and shutdown. Throughout the experiment, the team simulated power reduction, failed engines and failed heat pipes, showing that the system could continue to operate and successfully handle multiple failures.

“We put the system through its paces.” said Mr Gibson. “We understand the reactor very well and this test proved that the system works the way we designed it to work. No matter what environment we expose it to, the reactor performs very well.” 

The Kilopower project is developing mission concepts and performing additional risk reduction activities to prepare for a possible future flight demonstration. The project will remain a part of the STMD’s Game Changing Development programme with the goal of transitioning to the Technology Demonstration Mission programme in Fiscal Year 2020.

Such a demonstration could pave the way for future Kilopower systems, that power human outposts on the Moon and Mars, including, missions, that rely on In-situ Resource Utilisation to produce local propellants and other materials.

The Kilopower project is led by Glenn, in partnership with NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Centre in Huntsville, Alabama and NNSA, including, its Los Alamos National Laboratory, Nevada National Security Site and Y-12 National Security Complex.

For more information about the Kilopower project, including images and video, visit

Gina Anderson: Headquarters, Washington: 202-358-1160: gina.n.anderson at
Jan Wittry: Glenn Research Center, Cleveland: 216-433-5466: jan.m.wittry-1 at

: Editor: Sean Potter: NASA:

Caption: Artist's concept of new fission power system on the lunar surface: Image: NASA ::: ω.

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New Thermal Coatings for Spacecraft and Satellites Developed Using Meta-Materials



|| April 26 2018: University of Southampton News || ά. A team of researchers have developed a new technology, which could prompt a significant change for a spacecraft or satellite. Meta-material Optical Solar Reflectors:meta-OSRs, are the first-surface coatings on the outside of a spacecraft, designed to, effectively, radiate infrared heat away from it while reflecting most of the optical solar spectrum. For a satellite or spacecraft, the OSRs play a crucial role in the system’s thermal control.

Glued to the external skin of the radiator panels, OSRs are designed to reject solar radiation and dissipate the heat that is generated on board. OSRs are commonly made of quartz tiles, that combine thermo-optical properties with an ability to withstand the environment in space. However, quartz tiles are heavy and fragile add significantly to assembly and launch costs and can not be applied to curved surfaces. Other commercial solutions based on polymer foils suffer from fast performance degradation and are therefore unfit for missions lasting more than three to five years. 

The research team demonstrated that a new meta-OSR coating is enabled by the use of metal oxide, a material, commonly, used for transparent electrical contacts, which, in this instance, is patterned into a meta-material with very strong infrared emissivity while retaining a low absorption of the solar spectrum. 

The researchers demonstrated an advanced radiator based on their meta-material design, which allows tuning of the radiative cooling of the spacecraft using another type of metal oxide. Professor Otto Muskens, from the University of Southampton and the Principal Investigator of the study, said, "The meta-OSR technology is entirely based on durable and space-approved inorganic coatings, which can be applied onto flexible thin-film substances with the potential to be developed as a new technology solution. 

Since the assembly and launch costs of OSRs is several tens of thousands of US dollars per square metre, even small improvements in weight reduction can make a significant change to the space industry.''

Supported by a two-year Horizon 2020 space technology project, the University of Southampton is a member of the META-REFLECTOR consortium, which, also, includes the Italian research centre Centro Ricerche Elettro-Ottiche:CREO, Danish nanoimprint developer NIL Technology and Thales Alenia Space. The work of the consortium is featured in ACS Photonics in two reports: ‘VO2 Thermochromic Metamaterial-Based Smart Optical Solar Reflector’ and ‘Metasurface optical solar reflectors using AZO transparent conducting oxides for radiative cooling of spacecraft’.

Dr Kai Sun from the University of Southampton said, "All of the partners have actively worked together to ensure the design and fabrication are suitable for its transfer to mass-production. It is an exceptional research experience to transfer the cutting-edge research idea to a commercial product."

The researchers are currently working on upscaling the prototypes to larger areas through processes developed by NIL Technology, while first tests of the metamaterials in space are being prepared. Dr Sandro Mengali, from CREO, who has supported the study, said, "Passive control of the thermal emissivity is important to preserve precious heat during start-up and eclipses and to maintain the temperature stability of the spacecraft.

Currently, thermal emissivity control requires bulky mechanical components such as louvers, which are extremely expensive and prone to failure, posing significant risk to missions. The smart meta-OSR technology will offer a valuable new tool for thermal engineers of spacecraft, of particular importance for the lightweight segment of the satellite market.'' ::: ω.

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Regine Humanics Foundation Begins Its Journey Today: The Humanion Is Now A Regine Humanics Foundation Publication

|| April 06: 2018 || ά. The Humanion was first published on September 24, 2015 and has been run, since that day, on a complete voluntary basis without any 'formal' or 'constituted' manner or form and, it was run on as a Human Enterprise, which is an idea of Humanics, in which, ownership is replaced by belongingship and, thus, in a Humanical Society, no one owns anything but everyone belongs to the whole as the whole belongs to everyone lawfully and equally and, it neither believes in nor makes money but human utilities, needs, aspirations, creativity, imagination and dreams are served without money, where everyone works and creates for all others as all others create and work for all others, thus, bringing in meaning and purpose to life along with it come natural justice, equality and liberty, that establish a true civilisation within the Rule of Law. And in one word, this system of human affairs management is called, Humanics and a society that runs itself in humanics is called a humanical society. Today, we have begun the process of 'constituting' this Human Enterprise, which does not exist in the current system, but the next closest thing to it, that exists in the UK Law is Social Enterprise. Therefore, today, Friday, April 06, 2018, we are beginning Regine Humanics Foundation, that is the 'Agency', that will lead, run, manage and develop everything, that The Humanion has been trying to do.

Regine Humanics Foundation is established by the Thinker, Author, Poet, Novelist, Playwright, Editor of The Humanion, Festival Director of London Poetry Festival and a Humanicsxian: hu: maa: neek: tian: One, that believes in, lives and exists by Humanics, Mr Munayem Mayenin, of London, England, United Kingdom. Mr Mayenin says, ''Humanics is a vision; people, may, call it, utopia, we, call it our Humanicsovicsopia; Humanics. Humanics is our philosophy, our faith, our conviction, our resolution, our way of existing, thinking, being and doing: to seek and try to do so in the determination that all we must do and be is to exist to advance the human condition. People, readers and agencies and organisations, from all across England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales and the whole of the United Kingdom and Australasia, Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, from all walks and strata of life, have supported our endeavours, supported The Humanion and The Humanion Team, who volunteered their time to run things, since the beginning of The Humanion and long before that, when other things, that are now part of The Foundation, were developing. Nothing has changed in terms of the nature and value of what we have been seeking to do.''

''But the founding of The Foundation brings it all in a solid foundation so that we can keep on building this 'vision' so that it keeps on going regardless of who come to take the vision-mission of The Foundation forward. The Foundation runs along with time and along with the flowing humanity. This is the dream, this is the vision, this the hope in founding this Foundation. And, in this, we hope and invite all our readers, supporters, well wishers and all agencies and organisations to support our endeavours to build something, a Human Enterprise, which we are in the process of registering as a Social Enterprise, as a Community Interest Company, working for the common good of the one and common humanity. No one makes or takes profit out of The Foundation, which now runs The Humanion and everything else, that is part of it. The Foundation, once registered, will have an Asset Lock, which means that in any event, should The Foundation dissolve itself, all its existing assets shall go to a similar Social Enterprise. Therefore, we invite everyone to support The Foundation, support The Humanion in whatever way they can. And, there are endless number of ways people and organisations can support The Foundation and The Humanion.'' ::: ω.

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For Stories Published in The Idearian in the Year Gamma Arkive




University of Ljubljana





















Amy Wareing, a lecturer in the School of Health Sciences at Aberdeen’s Robert Gordon University:RGU, who also is studying at Lancaster University for a PhD has been awarded a prestigious research prize at the UK Radiology Conference in Liverpool, last year. She received the Beth Whittaker Memorial Prize, awarded to the best poster presentation where the lead author is a member of the Society of Radiographers. Amy said: “I feel honoured to have been awarded the Beth Whittaker Memorial Prize, but this is very much a team success.

University of Adelaide Australia


And the Search Goes on to Understand: How Things Live as Much as How They Perish Away: Ultimology at Trinity College Dublin













Image: Trinity College University of Dublin

STEM Gives You Powers That You Do Not Know You Have to Create to Make a Difference

Dr Nadia Masood Because She Studied STEM

This Cage Where is Housed the Magic of Humanity: The Heart














Image: The Institution of Engineering and Technology:IET

Continue to Learn to Continue to Become, to Know How, What and Why to Become and to Know That You are Alive: Study:  The University of Duisburg-Essen







Image: The University of Duisburg-Essen

Laura Bassi Professor of Anatomy


Ibn Sina Avicenna The Canon of Medicine


Image: ESA
















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Three Outstanding Women Celebrated as IET Young Woman Engineers of the Year: Far, Far, Far to Go From 09%... You Lead the Way

Gemma Dalziel, Jenni Sidey and Bethan Murray

|| December 02: 2016 || ά. Three young female engineers have been recognised at the Institution of Engineering and Technology’s:IET Young Woman Engineer of the Year Awards for their innovative work in engineering. All three winners will play an ambassadorial role for the engineering and technology professions in the forthcoming months, promoting engineering careers to girls and young people. IET Young Woman Engineer of the Year: Jenni Sidey, 28), is a lecturer in the Department of Engineering at the University of Cambridge, currently working on the development of the latest low emission combustion devices for use in the transportation and energy sectors. 

IET Mary George Memorial Prize for Apprentices: Gemma Dalziel, 23, is an Apprentice Network Consulting Engineer at Cisco, working on network technologies and network security. Women’s Engineering Society:WES Award: Bethan Murray, 23, is a Manufacturing Systems Lead at Rolls-Royce Plc, working on the systems that aid the manufacture of the latest aircraft components. On winning, Jenni said, “I am enormously proud to be recognised by such a progressive programme promoting women in engineering within the UK. 

















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