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Humanity Will Continue to Live an Inferior Life Than What is Possible Until the Two Halves: All Individuals in Them: That Make It are Absolutely Fundamentally and Jubilantly Equal at Liberty


Year Gamma: London: Thursday: January 04: 2018
First Published: September 24: 2015

Change: Either Happens or Is Made: When It is Not Made It Happens Regardless in Which We Become Mere Logs and Get Washed Away in and by Utterly Mechanical Forces of Dehumanisation: When Made Change is Created by Our Conscious Choices, Efforts, Initiatives and Works: In the Former We Let Go Off Our Humanity So That Dehumanisation Determines and Dictates the Existence of Our Sheer Physiologies: But in the Later We Claim, Mark and Create Our Humanity as to the Change We Choose to Make and Create It Onto Reality: To Nurture, Foster, Support, Sustain, Maintain, Enhance, Expand, Empower and Enrich the Very Humanity That We Are:  As Individuals, As Families, As Communities and As Societies All of Which Now Exist in the Fabrics of Time-Space of What is Called Civic Society: One That Exists by Natural Justice and Functions by the Rule of Law: Ensuring Liberty and Equality, Along with Purpose and Meaning of Existence, Exist in Each and Every Soul Equally at All Times: The Humanion






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The Idearian Echoing Eternities











The Idearian Echoing Eternities: That What You Are In What You Do What You Create What You Make What You Imagine What You Give What You Love and What You Become

The Idearian Echoing Eternities is for human ingenuities, for human endeavours, for human imagination, for human creativity, for human ideas, for research and learning in every and all areas of learning, knowledge and wisdom. So, wherever in the world, in whatever institution, in whatever area or field or expertise you are seeking the light, please, remember to share the news and views, means, methods and mechanics as well as the technical and technological, whether reality based, hypothetical, idearian:aai-dea-ri-aan:based on absolutely unheard of ideas like Einstein's Gravitational Wave a hundred years ago, or highly imaginative, about your research, effort, initiative with The Humanion. We would love to hear from all university campuses of the world, from all research institutions and learning and teaching facilities across the globe. Our works echo around the Universes, both in the natural and the human ones, across eternities. And these are works of human mind's creativity, ingenuity and its never-ending sense of wonder and seeking out for knowledge. To: editor at the humanion dot com. Page Created: March 23, 2016

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The Humanion uses Machine Processed Programming:MPP for Machine or Artificial Intelligence and Programmed Algorithmic Machination:PAM for Machine Learning, refusing the very concepts that machines can have intelligence and that they are, therefore, capable to learn. Likewise, The Humanion does not use the terms, self-driven or self-driving or autonomous vehicles for machines are not and can not be deemed to be having 'self', that absolutely applies to humans and autonomy applies to humans as individuals and as groups, societies, peoples, nations etc and can not be applied to machines. Therefore, Auto-driven is the term we use for Self-driven or Self-driving or autonomous vehicles etc. This relates to profound, vital and fundamental issues and we must be careful as to how we use terminology, that, albeit, inadvertently, dehumanises humanity. A Young Woman in STEM at the University of Manchester: Image: University of Manchester

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New Research Partnership to Build Gravitational Wave Detector in India


|| December 20: 2017: University of Southampton News || ά. An agreement has been signed between India and the UK focusing on building capacity within India for a new LIGO gravitational wave detector, adding to two, which are already operational in the USA. The project will open the way to closer working between scientists in India and their counterparts in UK universities, including, the University of Southampton. The LIGO India partnership is funded by the Science and Technology Facilities Council:STFC through its Newton-Bhabha project on LIGO. Newton Bhabha is a fund, aimed at bringing together the UK and Indian scientific research and innovation sectors.

The two existing LIGO detectors, together with a detector in Italy, VIRGO, are already yielding fascinating, ground breaking results, confirming the existence of gravitational waves, with the observation of two merging black holes in 2015 and the first detection of two colliding neutron stars in 2017. The University of Southampton will make contributions to training in the field of theory modelling and data analysis, as well as, outreach activities and interaction with schools.
The LIGO India agreement was officially signed at the British Council offices in New Delhi between a consortium of universities in India, led by the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics:IUCAA and a consortium of UK universities, led by the University of Glasgow.

It will help upscale entrepreneurial activity, creating more business spin-offs by using applied gravitational wave research. Professor Nils Andersson of Mathematical Sciences at Southampton says, “We are very happy to be part of this project, which builds on recent breakthrough gravitational-wave discoveries. There is enormous enthusiasm for this science across India and we hope to contribute to making the wider LIGO India project a success by training young researchers and helping them develop the required precision technology.

By working with schools across India we will bring the excitement of this new astronomy to the next generation of scientists. This adds a new dimension to our existing public engagement effort and promises to be very exciting indeed.”

Professor Giles Hammond, the UK Project Lead, who works at the University of Glasgow, says, “The UK has a proven track record in delivering high-quality technology and outreach activities relating to gravitational wave science, including the delivery of key hardware for the LIGO mirror suspensions. A model of sharing knowledge via staff, postdoc and student exchanges to the UK, together with trips to Indian institutes, will strengthen and benefit the UK and Indian academic communities, providing high quality training of the next generation of scientists and engineers.”

Professor Somak Raychaudhury, Director of the IUCAA Pune, lead university in the programme in India, says, “With the siting of the third Advanced LIGO detector in India there is an essential need for critically skilled students, postdocs and early career researchers to be trained at the highest level in gravitational wave astronomy, for construction of the infrastructure:technology and data pipelines. In turn, the LIGO India project will help the Indian scientific community to be a major player in the emerging research frontier of gravitational wave astronomy.”

This collaborative programme will, also, enable Indian scientists to work with UK institutes for extended periods of time, with reciprocal visits to the India labs to develop infrastructure and provide onsite training, essential to build the capability to deliver a LIGO-India detector.

The UK consortium of universities includes Glasgow, Birmingham, Cardiff, Sheffield, Southampton, Strathclyde and the University of the West of Scotland, all of whom have played a leading part in the international LIGO collaboration over decades.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Professor Rui L Reis Here You Have £350,000 for You to Go and Develop Some Regenerative Medicinal Engineering Capabilities to Help the World Fight Cancer Better: You May Think in Any Language of the World You Like Including Portuguese and English If You Like

|| November 29: 2017 || ά. A world expert in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine:TERM has been awarded a prestigious international prize from the Institution of Engineering and Technology:IET. The prize fund will be used to create reliable breakthrough three-D engineered functional cancer disease models, that can help predict the efficacy of cancer drugs, avoiding unnecessary animal testing and some clinical trials. Professor Rui L Reis, from the University of Minho in Portugal, is the winner of the £350,000 IET A F Harvey Engineering Research Prize. He was chosen from high-calibre candidates from across the world as a result of his outstanding contributions and decades of excellent research in the field of three-D tissue engineering for regenerative therapies and disease models.

The funding will support a further five years of work with the aim of creating a unique tissue engineering platform to generate three-D cancer microenvironments. These can be used as functional disease models for screening cancer drugs that are under development by the pharmaceutical industry, as well as novel therapies that are being tested by the medical community. Professor Rui L Reis, said, “Cancer has become the third most likely cause of death worldwide. One of the most serious obstacles facing scientists involved in the development and assessment of new anti-cancer drugs and therapies is the failure of preclinical cancer models being able to predict, in a reliable way, whether a given drug will have anti-cancer activity and acceptable toxicity in humans.

Most animal models are not representative of human situations, and currently more than 70-80% of cancer research is based on two-D models, which can’t accurately replicate the three dimensional properties of cancer cells such as tumours. I am honoured to receive this award that is considered by many to be one of the major international engineering awards. It is, also, a privilege to be the first winner, whose career is based in a country, that is not English-speaking and not a scientific powerhouse.

I trust that it will help my team and I to use our TERM unique expertise in order to move towards solving this situation, by means of creating novel breakthrough and reliable three-D engineered functional cancer disease models. This will help to predict the efficacy of novel cancer drugs and potential therapies, avoiding a range of unnecessary animal tests and preclinical and clinical trials of doomed-to-fail new drugs, and it will for sure have an impact in the future of health care providing.”

Sir John O’Reilly, Chair of the IET’s Selection Committee for the Prize, said, “Professor Rui L Reis is awarded the A F Harvey Research Prize in recognition of his outstanding research achievements and publication records, in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine. Trialling the efficacy of new anti-cancer drugs remains one of the biggest challenges facing scientists today and his breakthrough research in the field of
three-D engineering of functional cancer disease models could accelerate the screening of new drugs and the approval of new treatments.”

The IET’s A F Harvey Research Prize, worth £350,000, is named after Dr A F Harvey, who bequeathed a generous sum of money to the IET for a trust fund to be set up in his name for the furtherance of scientific research into the fields of medical, microwave, laser or radar engineering.

Professpr Rui L Reis will present a prize lecture on his research, entitled ‘ENG thE CANCER’, at IET London: Savoy Place on March 20, 2018.

Professor L Reis PhD, DSc, Hon. Causa MD, FBSE, FTERM, member NAE, USA, is a Professor of Tissue Engineering, Regenerative Medicine, Biomaterials and Stem Cells at University of Minho, UMinho. He is the Vice-Rector:Vice-President for Research of the University of Minho, Braga and Guimarães, Portugal. He is, also, the Director of the three-B’s Research Group, Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics at the University of Minho in Portugal and the Director of the PT Government Associate Laboratory ICVS:3B´s. Both 3B´s and ICVS or Institute of Health and Life Sciences at the UMinho Medical School are research units of Excellence, as evaluated by international panels of the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology:FCT. He has been, since 2000, the main responsible for LABMAT, the general materials characterisation Lab of U. Minho.

He is the CEO of the European Institute of Excellence on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, the Global President of the Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine International Society:TERMIS and the Editor-in-chief of the Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Wiley. He is a recognised World expert, with 1010 published works listed on ISI Web of Knowledge, 937 in Scopus and 1586 in Google Scholar and more than 37,250 citations to his work, h=96 according to Google Scholar, h=78 and 24650 citations for ISI Wok and h=82 and 27450 citations for Scopus and around 35 patents, on biomaterials, natural origin polymers, tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, biomimetics and drug delivery. He has been awarded many important international prizes, many of them for his contributions to the literature and is the PI of projects with a budget totalising more than 45 million Euros.

Professor Rui L Reis has been involved in biomaterials research since 1990. His main area of research is the development of biomaterials from natural origin polymers, starch, chitin, chitosan, casein, soy, algae based materials, silk fibroin, gellan gum, carragenan, hyaluronic acid, ulvan, xanthan, marine collagen, etc, that in many cases his group originally proposed for a range of biomedical applications, including different medical devices, bone replacement and fixation, drug delivery carriers, partially degradable bone cements and tissue engineering scaffolding for a range of different tissues.

Lately the research of his group has been increasingly focused on tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, stem cells and drug delivery applications. His research group works with bone marrow, adipose-derived, umbilical cord, amniotic origin and embryonic stem cells. The group has been working on the engineering of bone, cartilage, osteochondral, skin, intervertebral discs, meniscus, tendons and ligaments, and neurological tissues regeneration, as well as on TE approaches for different 3D disease models and therapies for diabetes. He has received many prestigious international awards, including already in 2017 the TERMIS contributions to the literature award and the UNESCO Life Sciences Award.

The IET is one of the world’s largest engineering institutions with over 167,000 members in 150 countries. It is, also, the most interdisciplinary, to reflect the increasingly diverse nature of engineering in the 21st century. Energy, transport, manufacturing, information and communications and the built environment: the IET covers them all. The IET is working to engineer a better world by inspiring, informing and influencing our members, engineers and technicians, and all those who are touched by, or touch, the work of engineers. We want to build the profile of engineering and change outdated perceptions about engineering in order to tackle the skills gap. This includes encouraging more women to become engineers and growing the number of engineering apprentices. ω.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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University of Sheffield Announces the Launch of a New Integrated Pilot Plant in Its Faculty of Engineering


|| November 29: 2017 || ά. The University of Sheffield is to install a major new integrated pilot plant in its Faculty of Engineering’s teaching facility, The Diamond building. The Diamond integrated Pilot Plant:DiPP will feature a world leading continuous powder processing plant, the first of its kind in any UK university. This pioneering new facility will manufacture pharmaceutical tablets from blends of model active ingredients and excipients.  DiPP will include key powder processes steps for formulated product manufacture, such as, crystallisation, blending, granulation and tableting.

DiPP will spearhead industry driven research and learning for engineering students across the globe. Researchers will target industry based problems to understand the different mechanisms in modelling the whole continuous process. Students will use the facility to test design models for individual unit operations and use the integrated manufacturing process for open ended research and design, making sure they are industry ready after graduation. There are, also, opportunities to use DiPP for training and continuing education for employees in the pharmaceutical industry and those industry sectors that manufacture formulated products.

Head of Department, Professor Jim Litster, said, “The pharmaceutical industry is undergoing the most significant change in manufacturing processes in the last 30 years. It is tremendous that our students can use this cutting edge technology in their education at MEng, MSc and PhD level studies.

The new continuous powder processing plant emphasises the importance of complex particulate products and formulated products more broadly, in modern chemical engineering and we are reflecting this in our new curriculum. It is truly research led teaching.”

Project Lead, Professor Agba Salman, said, “Product development using continuous powder processing platforms is becoming the first choice in the pharmaceutical industry.

“The integrated powder processing line here at Sheffield will help address knowledge gaps by experimental and modelling techniques and support industry’s drive to adopt continuous solid oral dosage manufacturing technologies.”

DiPP will be launched at the University of Sheffield in Spring 2018.

Dedicated Industrial Control Room: The processes and units will be controlled, monitored and optimised by state of the art distributed control system. This system enables students and researchers to experiment and conduct high-quality research safely pushing boundaries to meet industry needs. It helps to teach and understand the basic and complex instrument and control schemes, safety systems, process integration, commissioning and shutdowns, and production costs and maintenance. Power to X pilot plant to convert renewable energy to environmentally friendly diesel fuel

The Power to X pilot plant gives students an opportunity to learn hands on core skills in mass and energy balances, reaction engineering and separation processes applied to cutting edge technology. At all stages, students can measure intermediate and product compositions on line, and use the information to optimize the product and process. The different grades of diesel produced by different student teams will be tested on dedicated that is easy to configure and can diagnose any plant issues quickly and efficiently.

DiPP will house advanced fermenters for cultivation of various micro-organism types, novel bioreactors and advanced downstream processing instrumentation for product recovery; purification and formulation. It will provide hands on training in fermentation, bioprocess monitoring and downstream processing including protein separations and formulations. In addition, the students will get the chance to learn about the challenges in scaling up production.

Students using this facility will be immersed in the culture of product engineering using high class characterisation equipment to measure both the properties of the formulations and the attributes of product tablets they produce. The facility will include key powder processes steps for formulated product manufacture such as crystallisation, blending, granulation and tableting.

The University of Sheffield: With almost 27,000 of the brightest students from over 140 countries, learning alongside over 1,200 of the best academics from across the globe, the University of Sheffield is one of the world’s leading universities. A member of the UK’s prestigious Russell Group of leading research-led institutions, Sheffield offers world-class teaching and research excellence across a wide range of disciplines. Unified by the power of discovery and understanding, staff and students at the university are committed to finding new ways to transform the world we live in.

Sheffield is the only university to feature in The Sunday Times 100 Best Not-For-Profit Organisations to Work For 2017 and was voted number one university in the UK for Student Satisfaction by Times Higher Education in 2014. In the last decade it has won four Queen’s Anniversary Prizes in recognition of the outstanding contribution to the United Kingdom’s intellectual, economic, cultural and social life. Sheffield has six Nobel Prize winners among former staff and students and its alumni go on to hold positions of great responsibility and influence all over the world, making significant contributions in their chosen fields. Global research partners and clients include Boeing, Rolls-Royce, Unilever, AstraZeneca, Glaxo SmithKline, Siemens and Airbus, as well as many UK and overseas government agencies and charitable foundations.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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So Much to See of the Infinities in So Many Ways of the Infinities: The Invisible Body Exhibition at the Sven-Harry’s Art Museum in Stockholm: Runs Until January 07: 2018


|| November 12: 2017: Karolinska Institutet News || ά. On October 31, The Invisible Body, an exhibition, opened at Sven-Harry’s Art Museum in Stockholm. A number of researchers at the Karolinska Institutet are represented by images, taken from their research. The Exhibition runs until January 07, 2018 and is an initiative from Ragnar Söderberg Foundation in collaboration with Sven-Harry’s Art Museum. It includes images from Hagströmer Medico-Historical Library, Lennart Nilsson Photography and images of works of researchers at a number of universities. In conjunction with the exhibition, a number of popular science lectures will be held.

The Invisible Body or Den Osynliga Kroppen, narrates the story of ongoing medical research from the perspective of medical images. “In my role as a Communicator, I have often experienced the difficulty in finding a way to talk about research in a comprehensible manner, yet, without oversimplification. The idea for this exhibition came when a researcher showed me a beautiful image obtained during her work. We soon realised that, through her picture, we had discovered an excellent way of discussing her research. Here, beautiful images become an entirely new point of entry to science.” explained Ms Mona Norman, Project Manager at the Ragnar Söderberg Foundation, at the exhibitions opening.

The image was taken in Maria Kasper’s research group at KI’s Department of Biosciences and Nutrition and shows an area of the skin, that is, particularly, susceptible to cancer. Her laboratory studies follicular stem cells in order to understand their link to wound healing and cancer. “The opportunity to gain access to an advanced microscope, that makes it possible to take these types of pictures and to, among other things, study the development of individual cancer cells, was the reason why I chose to locate my research at KI.” says Ms Maria Kasper, who attended the vernissage together with doctoral candidate Mr Karl Annusver, the photographer behind the image.

The Exhibition collects a number of works, that depict subjects invisible to the human eye, giving us new insights into how the healthy and diseased body functions. However, these images are, also, things of beauty. They are artworks that, after the Exhibition closes, will be auctioned to raise funds to support research.

And, according to Ms Saida Hadjab at KI’s Department of Neuroscience, there are similarities between art and science. “Creativity is a vital ingredient in the work of both artists and researchers.'' Ms Hadjab herself has two of her images in the Exhibition and is one of the project’s two scientific co-ordinators. Her own great interest in photography has proved an important motivational factor behind her research work at the microscope.

“I search for images, that are both elucidatory and beautiful. A beautiful picture has a greater ability to convey its message.” she says. In conjunction with the Exhibition, a number of popular science lectures will be held. More about the Exhibition.

The full list of researchers from Karolinska Institutet, who contributed to the exhibition
Eduardo Guimaraes: Christian Göritz lab
John Schell: Fredrik Lanner lab
Carmelo Bellardita: Ole Kiehn lab
Tomas McKenna: Maria Eriksson lab
Elisa Floriddia: Fanie Barnabé-Heider lab
Javier Calvo Garrido: Anna Wredenberg lab
Anders Hånell: Histology course, Neuroscience department
Cajsa Classon: Liv Eidsmo lab
Saida Hadjab: François Lallemend lab
Karl Annusver: Maria Kasper lab
Jan Krivanek: Igor Adameyko lab
Shigeaki Kanatani and Laura Heikkinen: Per Uhlén lab
Katarzyna Malenczyk: Tibor Harkany lab
Sten Linnarsson: Sten Linnarsson Lab
Matthijs C. Dorst: Gilad Silberberg lab
Ada Delaney: Camilla Svensson lab
Margherita Zamboni: Jonas Frisén lab
Laura Comley: Eva Hedlund lab
Nicola Crosetto: Nicola Crosetto lab
Sebastian Hildebrand: Fredrik Lanner lab
Daniel Fürth: Konstantinos Meletis lab
Sofie Ährlund-Richter: Marie Carlén lab
Tomas McKenna: Maria Eriksson lab
Benjamin Götte: Gerald McInerney lab
Anna Rising Lab: ω.

Images: i: Mona Norman: ii: Saida Hadjab at KI’s Department of Neuroscience, is one of the project’s two scientific coordinators. Saida Hadjab at KI’s Department of Neuroscience, is one of the project’s two Scientific Co-ordinators. iii: The Root to it all was the picture that started the entire idea of the exhibition. It was taken by Karl Annusver, a member of Maria Kasper’s research group. How do you portray someone without knowing how they look, both in body and soul? Scientists and artists are both engaged in understanding this: says Cultural Journalist Jessica Gedin, who opened the exhibition. Image: Therese Sheats: Images i-iii: Hamid Ershad Sarabi:

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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New Affordable Three in One Coating Invented That Offers Enhanced Fire and Corrosion Protection


|| November 12: 2017: Nanyang Technological University Singapore || ά. A few extra coats of ‘paint’ could be all, that the steel in a building needs to prevent itself from buckling and failing in a fire. Scientists from the University and national industrial developer JTC came up with this idea, when they were figuring out a commercially viable solution to protect reinforced concrete against underground fires. After two years of intensive research and development by the interdisciplinary research team, an affordable three-in-one coating, that offers enhanced fire and corrosion protection, was invented. Named FiroShield, the new coating is cheaper and less laborious to apply and can function aesthetically like normal paint.

Existing steel structures in buildings are usually coated with a fire-retardant layer to shield the bare metal from damage by fire and meet the fire protection standard of two hours, aimed at giving occupants enough time to evacuate the building. Today’s conventional intumescent coatings are thick, more expensive and laborious to apply. In contrast, this new coating can be applied on bare steel without the need for sand blasting to prepare the surface and will protect the material against fire for two hours without falling off. The overall coating time can, hence, be reduced by half as compared to conventional coatings, which translates to lesser human-hours required.

FiroShield has, also, been tested on other construction materials, such as, reinforced concrete and laminated timber and has the same excellent performance. To achieve a two-hour fire rating, FiroShield requires just five layers of coating, compared to conventional coatings, which requires up to 15 layers or more. It is, thus, two times faster to apply and is cheaper by about 50 percent due to its lower materials cost and humanpower requirements.

In addition to its fire resistant properties and easy application, FiroShield can, also, protect the steel surface from corrosion, which no other fire coatings in the market can do at the moment. FiroShield is expected to last longer, when exposed to weathering elements, such as, moisture and ultraviolet rays. Its performance barely dipped by two percent, as compared to the drop of up to 75 percent for conventional coatings, when subjected to weathering tests in the lab. This will reduce the maintenance cost and frequency of inspections over the lifespan of a building.

Leading the research team is Assistant Professor Aravind Dasari from the School of Materials Science and Engineering and Professor Tan Kang Hai from the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering.

The research team includes Dr Indraneel S Zope and Mr Ng Yan Hao from NTU, as well as, Ng Kian Wee, Principal Engineer at JTC’s Civil and Structural Department, who contributed his experience from engineering projects. The interdisciplinary angle linking the materials to structures was a vital facet of this research.

The research team said that the knowledge that they had obtained over the years of research on the different aspects of polymers and combustion, combined with civil and structural engineering experience, helped to streamline their approach.

The strength of their coating comes from a balanced mix of additives, which work well together to give off simultaneous chemical reactions, when faced with extremely high temperatures. They knew that they had found the right formula, when they were able to coat steel samples evenly with a spray gun.
“In a fire, our coating forms a compact charred layer, that acts as a protective barrier against the heat.” added Prof Dasari, who is, also, a Principal Investigator at the NTU-JTC Industrial Infrastructure Innovation Centre.

“While typical fire coatings will, also, form a charred layer, those are thick and foam-like, which can fall off easily and leave the steel exposed to the fire. What we aimed at was an innovative coat, that works differently from conventional intumescent coatings and can stick to the steel surface for as long as possible under high temperatures and, yet, has durability and weather resistance under normal conditions without a need for a top coat of paint.”

Mr Koh Chwee, Director, Technical Services Division of JTC and Co-Director of the I3 Centre, said that through collaboration with academic institutions like NTU, JTC aims to develop new and innovative solutions to enhance safety and construction productivity for its industrial infrastructure projects.

“The ease of application of this new fire and corrosion resistant coating on steel structures will help reduce labour-intensive work, thus, improving productivity and enabling faster coating of prefabricated steel components. More importantly, the new coating’s ability to maintain superior adhesion under high temperatures leads to increased building safety for occupants. We are confident that the new coating will be able to reduce both paint material and labour costs and become a new alternative to other fire protection products.” said Mr Koh.

Professor Chu Jian, Interim Co-Director of the I3 Centre, said that this invention was one of the successful examples of academia and industry research partnerships, as NTU is able to tap on relevant industry know-how from JTC while providing technological knowledge and research expertise to develop an innovative solution, that would benefit the building and construction sector.

The base material of the new coating is made of synthetic resins, which are polymers, commonly, used to make paints. To give it fire and corrosion-resistant properties, Professor Dasari’s team added a combination of common chemicals, including, one, that is endothermic, absorbing heat to start a chemical reaction, that cause the coating to adhere firmly to the steel.

The team went further to develop a coating, that is able to have assorted colours; pigments can be added to the mixture so it achieves the aesthetic function of normal paint. Paint manufacturers looking to add the benefits of FiroShield to their products should find that commercialisation is straightforward, as the innovation relies simply on the addition of key chemicals into their paint manufacturing process.

For the next phase of development, FiroShield will be sent to the UK for an industry certification, which includes a load-bearing fire test, that no facilities in Singapore can do currently. Its proprietary formulation has been filed with NTU’s innovation and enterprise arm, NTUitive, and upon the completion of the certification, NTUitive will work with JTC to explore commercialisation options.

After the certification, which is expected to be completed by April 2018, the new coating will be applied on steel structures within the upcoming JTC Logistics Hub. The joint research team will, also, work with the relevant agencies to roll out this technology on a larger scale.

Building on this technology, Assistant Professor Dasari will work with JTC at the I3 Centre to develop another type of innovative coating for the construction and building industry, which addresses, even, more properties beyond fire and corrosion resistance. Established in 2011, the NTU-JTC I3 Centre aims to pioneer advanced industrial infrastructure solutions to address challenges faced by Singapore and its companies in areas, such as, safety, productivity, as well as, humanpower and resource constraints.

About Nanyang Technological University, Singapore: A research-intensive public university, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore:NTU Singapore has 33,500 undergraduate and postgraduate students in the colleges of Engineering, Business, Science, Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, and its Interdisciplinary Graduate School. It, also, has a medical school, the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, set up jointly with Imperial College London.

NTU is home to world-class autonomous institutes, the National Institute of Education, S Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Earth Observatory of Singapore, and Singapore Centre for Environmental Life Sciences Engineering and various leading research centres, such as, the Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute:NEWRI, Energy Research Institute and the Institute on Asian Consumer Insight. Ranked 11th in the world, NTU has been placed the world’s top young university for the last four years running. The University’s main campus has been named one of the Top 15 Most Beautiful in the World.

Image: Nanyan Technological University Singapore

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A Professor on a Photonarine Journey: What Have You Found Professor Mircea Guina


|| November 05: 2017: Tampere University of Technology News: Sanna Schildt Writing || ά. A few photons are enough. When the current electronics technology can not meet the rapidly expanding needs of data communication, light comes to the rescue. A research group at Tampere University of Technology:TUT is developing light-based technologies and enabling applications that, until now, have been little more than dreams. Professor Mircea Guina has a sip of espresso and presents graphs and figures, that illustrate the work his team has carried out at the Optoelectronics Research Centre over the past few years. One of the main interests of his group has been to explore the possibilities of photonics in advancing and, eventually, in certain applications, even, replacing the current silicon-based electronics technologies.

The age of the current silicon-based microelectronics is coming to an end. Nano-fabrication techniques have developed to the point that electronic circuits can be incredibly densely-packed with extremely small devices and conductors, but further progress along this well-known path is facing a wall due to problems related to losses and power consumption. Professor Guina points out that, even, at the current size scale, using metal conductors for transferring high-rate data on an electronic integrated circuit creates a lot of heat, which is detrimental to devices and consumes significant amounts of energy. In any case, increased communication speed is, by default, associated with increased power consumption.

Light is already commonly used for data transfer. The modern internet relies heavily on light pulses, that travel in optical fibres. Rather than using light to link buildings and continents, Professor Guina is interested in using it for the basic functions of an integrated device, just as electrons are used in current micro-electronic devices.

“Our goal is to replace electrons with photons. We can already fabricate hybrid components, which combine light-emitting devices and silicon-based circuitry. However, there are still many challenges, such as, achieving the necessary accuracy for aligning the different components with one another.”

In Professor Mircea Guina’s illustrations, light travels in silicon waveguides trapped in a microscopic labyrinth. Using indium phosphide as the light-emitting material is the most common approach utilised by big companies like IBM, Intel and Toshiba. However, Professor Mircea Guina has chosen a different path: he uses materials based on gallium arsenide and gallium antimonide.

“We wanted to try a different approach for light generation and integration to silicon passive circuits, which turned out to be a good choice. Our materials can produce new wavelengths, which enables new applications and brings more functionality.” Professor Guina explains.

The problem of hybrid integration is that the photonic integrated circuits can not be shrunk into small enough size. The solution to this could be monolithically integrated light sources. Since silicon can not emit light, the typical solution is to cover it with a thin layer of light-emitting material.

“This step towards monolithic integration is crucial. It enables the miniaturisation of photonic circuits similar to how electronic integrated circuits have been shrunk down. This would mean significant progress in data transfer, fabrication and a number of other areas.”

The latest research topic of Professoe Guina’s group in the field of photonic integration is light-emitting III-V semiconductor nano-wires. These nano-wires can be created directly on a silicon surface and they can produce small quantities of photons very efficiently, in theory, at least.

“Light-based data transfer busses and waveguides have much smaller signal losses than current electronics. Thus, even, a little bit of light is enough. Devices get smaller, more stable and consume less energy.”

European Union has selected photonics as one of the five future technologies, that have the highest potential to have significant financial and societal impact. The technologies developed by Professor Guina’s group are currently being used only in rare applications due to their high price and low availability, but the market will only grow with the advances in research and development.

“We plan to start up a commercialisation project running in parallel with the basic research on photonic integrated circuits. This project will survey application possibilities in medicine, mobile technology and sensing.” Professor Mircea Guina estimates that the opportunities new light-based photonic integrated technologies offer in these fields will, potentially, have a big impact on national economics.

“In the beginning, it was difficult to get funding for this topic because the advantages offered by our approaches were not, immediately, obvious. Now many other groups are interested in our materials, but we already have a head start of several years.”

His research group works closely with VTT’s Silicon Photonics group. VTT’s knowledge in silicon platforms combined with TUT’s expertise in photonics has, already, resulted in several research projects. The group is running their third large EU project, MIREGAS  on this topic and a fourth one is, already, on the drawing board. Altogether, the group has received nearly €05 million in EU funding in this field.

“VTT is a top-level player in the fabrication of silicon waveguides. The level of integration of different material groups is a decisive factor in terms of the future of optoelectronics. Advancing the integration by joint efforts opens new possibilities.” Professor Guina says.

In addition to the collaboration with VTT, Professor Guina is thankful for his tightly woven research team, the members of which have grown into top-level professionals in the field. “In science, it takes more than two to tango. Achieving harmony between different people and ideas makes for beautiful results.” ω.

Image: Professor Mircea Guina presents a photograph showing microscale light sources incorporating quantum-dot emitters. Image: Mika Kanerva and VTT

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The Next-Generation Perovskite Solar Cells: New Research Project to Make It Happen


|| November 05: 2017: Tampere University of Technology News: Sanna Kähkönen Writing || ά. Perovskite solar cells, or PSCs, are currently the most promising solar energy technology. The new collaborative ASPIRE Project aims to overcome stability and sustainability issues, which remain major obstacles to the large-scale commercialisation of PSCs. The Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation has granted €997,000 to a Finnish consortium for research on third-generation solar cells. The project 'A novel integrated approach for highly reproducible and stable perovskite solar cells:ASPIRE is co-ordinated by Åbo Akademi University and involves researchers from Tampere University of Technology:TUT and Aalto University.

“PSCs are interesting, because they promise to be cheaper and easier to mass produce than traditional silicon solar cells. They, also, have the potential to produce much more energy during their lifespan than what is needed to manufacture them.” says Professor Ronald Österbacka, of Physics of Åbo Akademi University. The ASPIRE Project is based on a novel fabrication method for scalable solar cells. The method enables an integrated approach to, simultaneously, clarify the selectivity of the contacts and the crystallisation of the perovskite material and to develop new environmentally friendly transport materials.

“We are hoping to pave the way for reproducible, stable and sustainable PSCs. ASPIRE’s achievements will, therefore, remove the main barriers to the commercialisation of PSCs.” says Dr Paola Vivo. She works as a postdoctoral researcher in the Laboratory of Chemistry and Bioengineering at TUT. Dr Paola Vivo has a long-standing research interest in perovskite solar cells.

Her previous and ongoing work has been devoted to enhancing their stability. TUT’s role in the ASPIRE Project is the design and synthesis of novel PSC components, their advanced photophysics characterisation and the fabrication and characterisation of photovoltaic devices by means of the excellent facilities available at TUT.

“This project will bring the current PSCs research at TUT to a higher maturity level and increase its impact. In fact, ASPIRE will allow a deeper and wider investigation of PSC technology, from fundamental understanding to advanced manufacturing of large-area PSCs with high reproducibility and stability, thanks to the collaboration with other key Finnish scientists with complementary expertise.” Dr Vivo says.

“Furthermore, the ASPIRE consortium, driven by a strong synergy between the best national PV experts, will give Finland a unique chance to be placed at the frontline of international research in this extremely competitive area.”

The three-year ASPIRE Project will run from the beginning of 2018 to the end of 2020.

Further information: Postdoctoral Researcher Paola Vivo, Tampere University of Technology, tel. +358 44 3407081: email: at :: ω.

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60% More Biogas Can Be Produced From Bio-Waste Than with the Conventional Methods


|| October 29: 2017: Paul Scherrer Institute News: Martina Gröschl Writing || ά. With a technology, developed at the Paul Scherrer Institute:PSI, around 60 percent more biogas can be produced from bio-waste than with conventional methods. But can it stand the test in practice as well? A 1,000-hour test at the Werdhölzli biowaste digestion and wastewater treatment plant in Zurich was able to answer this question with a clear affirmative. The test was carried out in co-operation with the Zurich-based energy provider Energie 360°.

Kitchen garbage, garden waste and sewage sludge, already today, in the Werdhölzli fermentation and wastewater treatment plant in the city of Zurich alone, around 25,000 tons of bio-waste and 500,000 tons of sewage sludge are processed into biogas. Bio-waste and sewage sludge are fermented and from the resulting raw biogas methane, the main constituent of natural gas, is produced. This is then fed into the natural gas network of Zurich. Yet the method used up to now has a disadvantage. The raw biogas contains only around 60 percent methane. Carbon dioxide:CO2 makes up around 40 percent and must be removed through a costly process to make the biomethane, that is produced usable.

An alternative to the processing methods used to date is offered by direct methanation. The idea behind it is convincingly simple: Instead of removing the CO2, add hydrogen. This is coaxed into a reaction with the CO2 from which, in turn, methane is produced. This not only increases the total methane yield from the raw biogas, but the methane is also of such high quality that it can be fed into the natural gas network without further processing. Furthermore, the raw biogas can be almost completely exploited.

This idea, also, proves feasible in practice, as a 1,000-hour test with technology developed at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI was able to show. The practical testing was conducted at the Werdhölzli biowaste digestion and wastewater treatment plant in Zurich and forms the core of a project that PSI has carried out in cooperation with the Zurich-based energy provider Energie 360°, with support from the Swiss Federal Office of Energy and the research fund of the Swiss gas industry.

The heart of the technology used is a type of reactor known as a fluidised bed. In it, the raw biogas and the added hydrogen bubble through and mix with particles of nickel catalyst. The catalyst ensures that the CO2, with the hydrogen, will be converted into methane. The results, which are now available, confirm that the PSI-developed technology leads to a considerably higher methane yield. ''We were able to produce around 60 per cent more methane, in comparison to conventional processing methods.'' says PSI Project Leader Dr Serge Biollaz.

''Among the critical challenges of the 1,000-hour test was the composition of the raw biogas, because this varies depending on the underlying biomass. In addition, raw biogas can contain compounds, that impair the catalyst, and therefore, have to be removed before methanation, such as, sulphur compounds, for example. One of our most important findings is that the plant handled these different mixtures of raw biogas according to our predictions and ran stably over the entire duration of the test.'' Dr Biollaz stresses.

Alongside the technical feasibility of the technology, its economic viability was put to the test. In the end, that is what determines if a process will be implemented on an industrial scale. To evaluate this, the project team assumed the present-day framework conditions, that is, the current costs for the electric power the process requires and for the necessary plant components.

The costs for direct methanation are roughly the same as in conventional biogas upgrading plants. One important cost driver is the capital expenditure for the electrolyser, that produces the hydrogen needed for the process. Another basic cost driver is the ancillary electricity costs. To ensure that direct methanation plants will be economically attractive, ways must be found to reduce these costs. In addition, according to currently applicable regulatory framework conditions, high grid use fees would, also, accumulate.

To achieve competitive prices for biomethane, the project team concluded, power must be generated directly on-site and the electrolyser must be placed in immediate proximity to the direct methanation plant.

''From the user's perspective, the results of the 1,000-hour test are promising, particularly, for medium-sized biogas plants, we see potential here.'' says Mr Peter Dietiker, Division Manager for renewable energy at Energie 360°. These would include plants producing between five and 15 gigawatt-hours of biogas per year. Around 40 plants of this scale are currently in service in Switzerland.

In the meantime, the mobile test facility, named, Container-based System for Methanation:Cosyma has returned to PSI. As a next step, the researchers want to investigate whether their process will, also, work with manure, which accumulates in large quantities in agricultural livestock management. At present the test facility is being adapted to meet the anticipated requirements.

These concern in particular the gas purification carried out prior to the actual methanation. The raw biogas produced through fermentation of liquid manure is made up of different components than those arising from fermentation of household bio-waste and sewage sludge from wastewater treatment.

Cosyma is part of PSI's Energy System Integration Platform. The ESI Platform commenced operation in the fall of 2016. Its goal is to investigate and refine different variants of power-to-gas technology with an emphasis on their technical and economic feasibility, in close cooperation with partners from research and industry.

Contact: Dr. Serge Biollaz, Thermal Process Engineering Group Leader, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland: Telephone: +41 56 310 29 23: email: serge.biollaz at Languages: German, English, French:

Image: How direct methanation works: schematic representation of the process: Paul Scherrer Institute:Mahir Dzambegovic

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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The University of Firefly in Mosul: The Humanion Calls on the World Community of All Learning Institutions to Send Mosul a Firefly-Gift to Help Rebuild Their University of Firefly to Burn on in the Dark to Illumine Once Again
















|| October 20: 2017: University of Exeter News || ά. This news is from the University of Exeter, from where the University academics have gathered hundreds of books, that are now being donated to the academics trying to rebuild the University of Mosul in Iraq. Daesh ransacked the university’s library when they took control of Mosul three years ago and destroyed thousands of books and manuscripts. That's always the way, in which the forces of evil always follow: they go and try to smash 'the candle', the only source of light to illumine the dark. Now lecturers in the city of Mosul are hoping to reopen their university. To support them around 600 Arabic textbooks belonging to the University of Exeter will be donated as a gift to the people of Mosul.

The unused books, which are about a variety of topics, including, literature, history, culture and politics, should reach Iraq later this autumn. Mosul’s libraries, including, those at the university, used to house valuable and rare manuscripts. The University of Mosul is Iraq’s second largest university and used to have around 30,000 students. The Humanion invites the entire world's learning community of all learning institutions to send a 'fire-fly' gift, of any learning item, books, manuscripts, maps, objects, equipment, computers, laptops, copies of old theses, dissertations, lecture notes, plans and tapes, videos, text books of all subjects, even if they are in English for they must use a lot of these English texts as reference sources, any other objects, that are used at University learning facilities. And Dear Reader, please, pass on this invite to as many as you can, for against a rampant and raging darkness, must we do all to add 'our little flicker' of the light to that 'firefly', striving to get stronger and brighter to reach and illumine wider, deeper and further.

Daesh burnt and stole many books because they were considered to be blasphemous. Supporters of the university have launched an international campaign, led by an academic blogger, Mosul Eye, to collect new books and other printed materials for students. The books donated to Mosul by the University of Exeter have been collected since 2003, the start of the second Iraq war.

Mr Paul Auchterlonie, a librarian at the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, was concerned the cultural heritage of Iraq could be destroyed and started keeping duplicate or spare books in case they would be needed. Now Ms Zoe Humble, who is working with academics on a research project on Iraq, is arranging for the books to get to Mosul.

Daesh has now largely left Mosul and the Baghdad government has declared that the city had been liberated. But conflict is still ongoing in the east of the city. The west of the city, home to the University of Mosul, is safer and the occupying Iraqi Army is trying to bring stability.

Ms Humble said, “We are working hard to make sure these books get to Iraq. This is challenging because of the lack of infrastructure in Iraq. There is no postal service. But we want to support those trying to reopen the University of Mosul. Academics and students have been through an immensely traumatic time, living through what must have been a terrifying experience, but they are trying to clean and repair buildings themselves and we want to do what we can do help.

Paul anticipated that these books would be needed. Books are an integral part of any city and society. This will be even more so for the University of Mosul, where computers, desks and electricity are scarce.” ω.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Madeleine Jones Wins the Karen Burt Award 2017 for Her Excellence Commitment and Dedication to the Profession of Chartered Engineering


|| October 06: 2017 || ά. The Women's Engineering Society announces Ms Madeleine Jones as the winner of the Karen Burt Award 2017. Ms Jones of Sellafield Ltd, was the candidate, nominated by the Institution of Chemical Engineers. This annual award is for a newly chartered woman engineer, now in its 19th year, recognises the candidate's excellence and potential in the practice of engineering, highlights the importance of Chartered status, as well as, offering recognition to contributions made by the candidate to the promotion of the engineering profession. Ms Madeleine Jones is currently Deputy Operations Manager, Legacy Ponds and Silos for Sellafield Ltd.

Ms Madeleine Jones graduated from Aston University with a MEng in Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry. Since starting at Sellafield Ltd on the graduate scheme in 2012 she has worked as a Process Design Engineer, Uranium Purification System Engineer and is currently Deputy Operations Manager in Legacy Ponds Decommissioning. Her early career achievements include the development of an innovative online test method for a safety critical system and becoming qualified as the youngest member of the site emergency response team. Madeleine is recognised for consistently delivering quality work to short timescales and her ability to communicate and influence across the business to ensure deadlines are met and work is carried out efficiently. One of Madeleine’s key skills is her ability to communicate and sell her ideas and enthusiasm to those around her.

She takes an active role in her local IChemE Member Group, sits on Aston University Industry Advisory Board, mentors graduates and volunteers for a number of additional roles within Sellafield Ltd. She is frequently called upon to represent both the company and her profession in public forums, including the recent award-winning BBC documentary Inside Sellafield. Ms Jones said in her acceptance speech, “I am delighted to receive the Karen Burt Award and hope that I can continue working with WES and IChemE to support and inspire more women to choose interesting and fulfilling careers in engineering.” The Karen Burt Award 2017 was presented to Ms Jones on October 05 at the WES Caroline Haslett Lecture, held at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in London, given by Professor Isobel Pollock-Hulf OBE. This year’s lecture was entitled ‘Measuring Success’.

Ms Sally Sudworth, Chair of the Judges, Karen Burt Award 2017, says, “The judges were, particularly, mpressed with the work, that Madeleine Jones has undertaken in implementing improvements to the Magnox facility at Sellafield. Her passion for her work came across very clearly.

Her role as a student ambassador in promoting engineering to school children is impressive, as is her mentoring of engineering graduates at Sellafield. Madeleine’s support for her professional body, the Institution of Chemical Engineers, is impressive as was her involvement in a BBC documentary about Sellafield to help promote engineering and the nuclear industry.

The panel was, also, impressed with Madeleine’s active role on the industry advisory board for the engineering and applied science department at Aston University.”

Ms Kirsten Bodley, CEO of the Women’s Engineering Society:WES, said, “WES supports women to reach their potential in engineering and succeed at all stages of their careers. Through the Karen Burt award we recognise the achievements of an exceptional early-stage career woman engineer and highlight the need to continue to promote engineering as an inspiring career open to all. My congratulations to Madeleine, her contributions to the profession are outstanding.”

MrJacob Ohrvik-Stott, Policy Officer, Diversity and Inclusion, at the Institution of Chemical Engineers said, "As an organisation committed to championing the role of women in engineering IChemE is delighted that Madeleine's achievements have been recognised with the Karen Burt Award. Her outstanding work with the IChemE North West Member group and beyond shows the invaluable contributions our members make to IChemE and the engineering sector. On behalf of IChemE I congratulate her on this well-deserved award."

Men as Allies Award Winner: Mr Will Whittow, Senior Lecturer in Electronic Material Integration, Loughborough University. Amy Johnson Inspiration Award Winner: Dr. Alice White, Wikimedian in Residence, Wellcome Trust. Gillian Skinner Award 2017 was awarded to Jo Douglas and Adriana Vargas and the winners of Isabel Hardwich Medal 2017 were Milada Williams and Linda Maynard. All four are very active members of WES and the awards are in recognition of their huge voluntary contributions to the organisation.

The Women’s Engineering Society: Founded in 1919, the Women’s Engineering Society:WES is a professional, not-for-profit network of women engineers, scientists and technologists offering inspiration, support and professional development. Although the world has changed since a group of women decided to band together to create an organisation to support women in engineering after the First World War, the need is still there. WES works in a number of ways to support women in STEM, to encourage the study and application of engineering, to promote gender equality in the workplace, and to award excellence and encourage achievement through our awards and grants schemes. WES will be celebrating its centenary in 2019.

Caroline Haslett Lecture: Dame Caroline Haslett, 1895-1957, was the founder of the Electrical Association for Women, first Secretary of the Women's Engineering Society and the first woman to serve on the British Electricity Authority. Haslett was an expert administrator and charismatic speaker, and soon became the voice for women in engineering in the UK and worldwide.

Professor Isobel Pollock-Hulf OBE BScEng CEng Hon DSc Hon FIET FIMechE FCGI: Isobel Pollock-Hulf OBE promotes Engineering, Measurement and Manufacturing following a successful career with large Yorkshire based multi-nationals including 10 years at ICI Huddersfield and DuPont Howson in Leeds. She was the 127th President of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in 2012, only the second woman in 165 years. She rejuvenated the IMechE Heritage Awards scheme and presented over 40 awards to places of significant mechanical engineering heritage. As Patron of Women's Engineering Society:WES, she is currently working to promote STEM to the next generation of engineers. Isobel was appointed OBE in 2014 for services to mechanical engineering and was named as one of the Top 50 Women in Engineering in the Daily Telegraph in 2016.

The Karen Burt Memorial Award was first presented in 1999 and is given each year to a newly Chartered woman in engineering, applied science, and IT. The award recognises the candidate’s excellence and potential in the practice of engineering and highlights the importance of Chartered status, as well as offering recognition to contributions made by the candidate to the promotion of the engineering profession. One candidate is able to be nominated annually from each of the Professional Engineering Institutions and that candidate represents the best newly qualified chartered engineer from that Institution. This award is funded by a bequest made by Karen Burt's father, Professor Cyril Hilsum, CBE, FRS, Fen and is managed by WES.

Dr Karen Burt was an eminent physicist who gained her PhD in electron microscopy at Reading University before joining British Aerospace Systems as a project engineer for scientific satellites. After establishing the Centre for Advanced Instrumentation Systems at University College, London her career was cut short by a tragically early death. Karen influenced many people with her enthusiasm for engineering, she presented the Faraday lecture, judged young designer competitions and contributed to the work of the Women's Engineering Society, the Institution of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Physics, in particular offering advice on recruitment and retention of women. She was a role model to many by writing about career breaks and offering guidance based on extensive research and her own experience following her son's birth.

Amy Johnson Inspiration Award was launched in 2016 and honours an individual who has made a truly remarkable achievement in furthering the diversity agenda within engineering and applied sciences. This award serves to recognise the efforts of an individual in inspiring more women to enter and:or remain in the engineering and technical professions.

Men as Allies Award is new for 2017 and acknowledges that men hold the majority of roles in engineering and applied sciences (especially leadership roles) and that the support of male allies is vital. The Men as Allies award seeks to celebrate a male engineer, or professional male working within the engineering, technical and applied sciences sectors, who has gone above the call of duty to support his female colleagues, and address the gender imbalance within engineering and applied sciences in general.

Isabel Hardwich Medal is awarded to a WES member, who has made an outstanding and sustained contribution to the Women’s Engineering Society over a number of years and gone above and beyond the call of duty.

Gillian Skinner Award was developed after a generous donation from Gillian’s family. Gillian was a passionate supporter of WES, and served on the WES council. This award, of which two are presented each year, celebrate the ‘behind the scenes’ contributions to WES which can often go unnoticed, but are very valuable.

IChemE: With a membership exceeding 44,000 members in over 120 countries, and offices in the Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia and the UK; IChemE aims to be the organisation of choice for chemical engineers. It promotes competence and a commitment to best practice, advances the discipline for the benefit of society and supports the professional development of its members. IChemE is the only organisation to award Chartered Chemical Engineer and Professional Process Safety Engineer status.

Loughborough University is one of the country’s leading universities, with an international reputation for research that matters, excellence in teaching, strong links with industry, and unrivalled achievement in sport and its underpinning academic disciplines. Loughborough is in the top 10 of every national league table, being ranked 6th in the Guardian University League Table 2018, 7th in the Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2018 and 10th in The UK Complete University Guide 2018. Loughborough is consistently ranked in the top twenty of UK universities in the Times Higher Education’s ‘table of tables’ and is in the top 10 in England for research intensity. Loughborough has been awarded seven Queen's Anniversary Prizes. The Loughborough University London campus is based on the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park and offers postgraduate and executive-level education, as well as research and enterprise opportunities. It is home to influential thought leaders, pioneering researchers and creative innovators who provide students with the highest quality of teaching and the very latest in modern thinking.

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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Crystallisation Seminar 2017 in Eindhoven the Netherlands: November 14


|| October 03: 2017 || ά. Mettler Toledo is organisation a Crystallisation Seminar 2017 on November 14, 2017. Being held in Eindhoven, Netherlands, this free event will feature applications and case studies presented by international specialists from related industries. At the end of the session, there will be a panel discussion. This event is for scientists and engineers interested in crystallisation in the pharmaceutical, chemical and petrochemical industries, as well as, for the member of the Academia.

Presentations will include PAT Application in Nucleation Control of Crystallisation Processes: Professor Herman J. Kramer, TU Delft, Netherlands; Particle Engineering: Delivering Right First Time Particles: Dr. Brian O'Sullivan, APC Ltd, Ireland; Estimating Particle Size Distribution and Shape from inline Chord Length Distributions and Images In Situ Monitoring of Crystallisation Processes: Dr. Okpeafoh Stephan Agimelen, CMAC, UK.

Another presentation to be delivered by Mr Selim Douieb, UCB Pharma, Belgium, subject of which is yet to be confirmed.
About Mettler Toledo: METTLER TOLEDO provides Process Analytical Technology:PAT, automated synthesis reactors, and in situ sampling. In situ FTIR spectroscopy and automated sampling provides continuous analysis of reactions. Inline particle analysis enables crystallization development with continuous particle size measurements. Automated reactors and reaction calorimetry provides process knowledge to identify and eliminate scale-up and safety incidents.

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Assembly of Nano-Particles Proceeds Like a Zipper

Zipper-like assembly of nanocomposite leads to superlattice wires, that are characterised by a well-defined periodic internal structure. Image Dr. Nonappa and Ville Liljeström


|| September 24: 2017: Aalto University News || ά. Aalto University scientists demonstrated that viruses and nano-particles can be assembled into processable superlattice wires. It has always been the sought after topic of materials science to describe and control the material’s structure-function relationship. Nano-particles are an attractive class of components to be used in functional materials because they exhibit size-dependent properties, such as, superparamagnetism and plasmonic absorption of light. Furthermore, controlling the arrangement of nano-particles can result in unforeseen properties, but such studies are hard to carry out due to limited efficient approaches to produce well-defined three-dimensional nanostructures.

According to scientists from the Biohybrid Materials Group, led by Professor Mauri Kostiainen, nature’s own charged nano-particles, protein cages and viruses, can be utilised to determine the structure of composite nano-materials. Viruses and proteins are ideal model particles to be used in materials science, as they are genetically encoded and have an atomically precise structure. These well-defined biological particles can be used to guide the arrangement of other nano-particles in an aqueous solution. In the present study, the researchers show that combining native Tobacco Mosaic Virus with gold nano-particles in a controlled manner leads to metal-protein superlattice wires. “We initially studied geometrical aspects of nano-particle superlattice engineering.

We hypothesised that the size-ratio of oppositely charged nanorods:TMV viruses and nano-spheres, gold nano-particles could efficiently be used to control the two-dimensional superlattice geometry. We were, actually, able to demonstrate this. Even, more interestingly, our structural characterisation revealed details about the co-operative assembly mechanisms, that proceeds in a zipper-like manner, leading to high-aspect-ratio superlattice wires.” Professor Kostiainen says. “Controlling the macroscopic habit of self-assembled nano-materials is far from trivial.”

The results showed that nano-scale interactions, really, controls the macroscopic habit of the formed superlattice wires. The researchers observed that the formed macroscopic wires underwent a right-handed helical twist, that was explained by the electrostatic attraction between the asymmetrically patterned TMV virus and the oppositely charged spherical nanoparticles.

As plasmonic nano-structures efficiently affect the propagation of light, the helical twisting resulted in asymmetric optical properties, plasmonic circular dichroism, of the material.

“This result is ground breaking in the sense that it demonstrates that macroscopic structures and physical properties can be determined by the detailed nano-structure, i.e, the amino acid sequence of the virus particles. Genetical engineering routinely deals with designing the amino acid sequence of proteins and it is a matter of time when similar or even more sophisticated macroscopic habit and structure-function properties are demonstrated for ab-initio designed protein cages.” explains Dr. Ville Liljeström, who worked on the project during three years of his doctoral studies.

The research group demonstrated a proof of concept showing that the superlattice wires can be used to form materials with physical properties, controlled by external fields. By functionalising the superlattice wires with magnetic nano-particles, the wires could be aligned by a magnetic field. In this manner they produced plasmonic polarising films.

The purpose of the demonstration was to show that electrostatic self-assembly of nano-particles can, potentially, be used to form processable materials for future applications. ω.

The Paper: Liljeström V, Ora, A, Hassinen J, Rekola H, Nonappa, Heilala M, Hynninen V, Joensuu J, Ras, R. H. A, Törmä P, Ikkala O, Kostiainen M: A. Co-operative Colloidal Self-Assembly of Metal-Protein Superlattice Wires. Nature Communications 8, 2017. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00697-z.

Further information: Professor: Mauri Kostiainen: Biohybrid Materials Group: Dept. of Biotechnology and Chemical Technology: +358 50 362 7070: mauri.kostiainen at

Whatever Your Field of Work and Wherever in the World You are, Please, Make a Choice to Do All You Can to Seek and Demand the End of Death Penalty For It is Your Business What is Done in Your Name. The Law That Makes Humans Take Part in Taking Human Lives and That Permits and Kills Human Lives is No Law. It is the Rule of the Jungle Where Law Does Not Exist. The Humanion

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