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The Arkive
 
|| Year Gamma: London: Tuesday: July 03: 2018 ||
First Published: September 24: 2015
The Humanion

 

 

The Arctic

The Arctic Arkive Year Alpha and Year Beta

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Arctic Ocean May Have Been Covered by an Ice Shelf Nearly Double the Size of Greenland’s Ice Sheet
 
 


|| April 17: 2018: University of Sheffield News  || ά. An ice shelf over a kilometre thick, once, formed over the Arctic Ocean, a new study by researchers from the University of Sheffield has shown. The study is the first of its kind and strongly supports the theory that a floating ice shelf, might have, formed in the Arctic Ocean during some of the Earth’s Ice Ages. The research, led by Dr Ed Gasson, from the University of Sheffield’s Ice and Climate research group published today April 17, in Nature Communications, used a numerical ice sheet:shelf computer model to show that an ice shelf in the Arctic Basin could, only, have become a kilometre thick, if, it covered the entire basin.

This model, also, provided an estimate of the ice shelf’s size, up to 01.7 times the size of Greenland’s current ice sheet. The study, also, found that the Arctic ice shelf, might have, increased the volume of ice sheets on land surrounding the Arctic Ocean. Its presence, may, also, explain discrepancies in sea level reconstructions. Dr Ed Gasson, said, “The study is important because it opens up further research into what role this previously missing piece played in Earth’s glacial periods. Although, these periods of Earth’s history have been extensively studied already there are many things that are not fully explained. What impact an Arctic ice shelf had on the climate system is a big unanswered question.”

The results are consistent with a recent discovery of ice scours, a narrow ditch on a seabed caused by the movement of pack ice, on the Lomonosov Ridge, which runs across the middle of the Arctic Basin. This indicated that a floating ice shelf might have formed in the Arctic Ocean during some of the Earth’s Ice Ages.

The hypothesis of an Arctic ice shelf was first put forward in the 1970s, but there was limited evidence supporting it. When ice reaches the seafloor it causes erosion. Although, ice scour marks have been found on the Arctic seafloor previously, it was argued whether the keels of icebergs or an ice shelf caused the scours. However, a recent research cruise to the Arctic discovered new traces that had the tell-tale signs of a former ice shelf.

The ice shelf most likely formed during the penultimate glacial period around 140,000 years ago. There is no evidence yet that an ice shelf formed during the Last Glacial Maximum around 20,000 years ago, when much of North America and northern Europe was covered by ice sheets. The study suggests that this could be due to differences in the Earth’s orbit or because the Eurasian ice sheet did not expand as fully towards the Arctic Basin.

One challenge with detecting floating ice shelves if that they can leave no traces unless they ground on the seafloor, leaving open the possibility, that a thinner ice shelf formed during the Last Glacial Maximum.

About the University of Sheffield: With almost 29,000 of the brightest students from over 140 countries, learning alongside over 1,200 of the best academics from across the globe, the University of Sheffield is one of the world’s leading universities. A member of the UK’s prestigious Russell Group of leading research-led institutions, Sheffield offers world-class teaching and research excellence across a wide range of disciplines. Unified by the power of discovery and understanding, staff and students at the university are committed to finding new ways to transform the world we live in.

Sheffield is the only university to feature in The Sunday Times 100 Best Not-For-Profit Organisations to Work For 2018 and for the last eight years has been ranked in the top five UK universities for Student Satisfaction by Times Higher Education. ​​Sheffield has six Nobel Prize winners among former staff and students and its alumni go on to hold positions of great responsibility and influence all over the world, making significant contributions in their chosen fields.
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For Stories Published in The Arctic in || April  ||  May  ||  June || The Arctic Q-Beta 2018

 

 
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|| All copyrights @ The Humanion: London: England: United Kingdom || Contact: The Humanion: editor at thehumanion.com || Regine Humanics Foundation Ltd: reginehumanics at reginehumanicsfoundation.com || Editor: Munayem Mayenin || First Published: September 24: 2015 ||
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